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Geologic units in Washington county, Oklahoma

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 23 % of this area

WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Generally light-tan to gray. Thickness along major streams ranges up to 100 feet and probably averages 40 feet; along minor streams the thickness ranges up to 45 feet and probably averages 20 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and locally gravel. Maximum thickness ranges from 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) along major streams and from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m) along minor streams. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. OKLAHOMA CITY- Sand, silt, clay, and lenticular beds of gravel. Thickness ranges from about 30 to 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. Along minor streams, thickness ranges from a few feet to about 50 feet and probably averages about 25 feet. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 50 feet (15 m) thick; Shown only along major streams and tributaries . ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces; thickness, about 25 to 100 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces about 30 feet above channels; thickness, about 50 feet along Little River and 110 feet along Red River

Lithology: alluvium

Wann and Iola Formations or Iola Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 17 % of this area

ENID- "Wann Formation" consists of shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone with many thin layers of fossiliferous limestone. Thickness ranges from 50 to 400 feet (15 to 122 m). "Iola Limestone" is mainly limestone, calcareous sandstone, and shale and underlies Wann. Thickness ranges 4 to 100 feet (1 to 30 m). TULSA- "Wann Formation," shale with thin sandstone and limestone. "Iola Formation," limestone and shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Wann Formation," shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone; thickness, 40 to 180 feet. Underlying "Iola Limestone," mainly fine-grained calcareous sandstone and limestone with some shale; thickness, 15 to 20 feet.

Lithology: shale; sandstone; limestone

Nellie Bly Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 13 % of this area

TULSA- Shale and thin sandstone. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, siltstone, fine-grained sandstone, chert conglomerate, limestone, and limestone conglomerate, dark-gray to buff; thickness, 200 to 300 feet.

Torpedo Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 12 % of this area

TULSA- Thin-bedded to massive medium-grained sandstone and shale

Lithology: sandstone; shale

Chanute Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 10 % of this area

ENID- Mainly fine-grained micaceous sandstone and coarse-grained, crossbedded sandstone separated by shale. Locally Chanute contains thin coal seams. Thickness ranges from about 10 to 150 feet (3 to 45 m). TULSA- Thin- to thick-bedded, fine- to coarse-grained sandstone and shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- Mainly fine- to medium-grained sandstone 3 to 20 feet thick, overlain by shale 20 to 80 feet thick. Total thickness ranges from about 25 to 90 feet.

Lithology: sandstone; shale

Coffeyville and Checkerboard Formations or Checkerboard Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 10 % of this area

ENID- "Coffeyville Formation" is mainly shale interbedded with fine-to medium-grained sandstone. Locally formation contains thin coal seams. Thickness ranges from 175 to 470 feet (50 to 140 m). Underlying "Checkerboard Limestone" is crystalline limestone 2 to 15 feet (1 to 5 m) thick. TULSA- "Coffeyville Formation," shale and thin-bedded sandstone. "Checkerboard Formation," limestone and some shale. OKLAHOMA CITY- "Coffeyville Formation," mainly shale interbedded with fine- to medium-grained sandstone locally containing chert and limestone conglomerate and thin coal seams; thickness, 150 to 470 feet. Underlying "Checkerboard Limestone," crystalline limestone 2.5 to 5 feet thick.

Dewey Formation or Dewey Limestone (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 9 % of this area

ENID- "Dewey Limestone"- Mainly medium-crystalline limestone and shale. Thickness ranges from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m). TULSA- "Dewey Formation"- Limestone and some shale. (Mapped with the Chanute formation south of Bartlesville) OKLAHOMA CITY- "Dewey Limestone"- Mainly sandy limestone or calcareous sandstone containing limestone lenses 1.5 to 20 feet thick, overlain by shale 5 to 50 feet thick. Total thickness ranges from 20 to 60 feet.

Lithology: limestone; sandstone; shale

Vamoosa + Tallant + Barnsdall Formations (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

TULSA- "Vamoosa Formation," shale, sandstone, siltstone, and thin limestone. "Tallant Formation," shale, sandstone, and thin limestone. "Barnsdall Formation," shale, siltstone, sandstone, and thin limestone

Seminole Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

TULSA- Shale, sandstone, and thin coal beds. OKLAHOMA CITY- Chert conglomerate, shale, and fine-grained sandstone containing coal seams in upper part locally. Thickness ranges from 100 to 375 feet. FORT SMITH- Sandy shale, sandstone, and thin coal seams. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, gray-green, with buff fine-grained sandstones, chert conglomerates, and limy sandstones; thickness, about 120 feet. (Upper Franks Conglomerate)

Douglas Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late [Virgilian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Lawrence FM (base LA)- mostly gray shale and sandstone with minor red shale, coal, gray limestone and conglomerate, thickness ranges from 140ft to 250 ft. Stranger FM- five members containing sandstone, shale, and minor limestone, coal and conglomerate ranging from 100 ft. to 180 ft. thickness.

Kansas City Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Missourian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes: Lane Shale,Wyandotte Limestone (base WY), Liberty Memorial Shale, Iola Limestone (base I), Chanute Shale (base CH), Dewey Limestone, Nellie Bly FM, Cherryvale FM, Dennis Limestone (base DN), Galeburg Shale, Mound Valley Limestone, Ladore Shale, Swope Limestone (base SW), Elm Branch Shale, Hertha Limestone.

Lithology: limestone; shale; sandstone; coal

Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel

Lithology: gravel; sand; silt; clay or mud

Lansing Group (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle [Missourian]) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Stanton Limestone- three limestone and two shales members, ranges from 15 to 130 ft. thick. Vilas Shale- sandy, carbonaceous gray shale with some sandstone and limestone locally, ranges from 5 to 120 ft. thick. Plattsburg Limestone- two limestone members separated by shale, ranging from 25 to 115 ft. thick.

Lithology: shale; limestone; sandstone

Vamoosa Group or Vamoosa Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Late) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

ENID- "Vamoosa Group"- Alternating layers of shale and fine- to coarse-grained sandstone, with some thin limestones. Sandstone layers are thicker, coarser grained, and more numerous southward. Group near Kansas border includes (descending): unnamed shale and sandstone (160 feet thick) at top, "Plattsmouth Limestone, "IPvap (14 to 23 feet thick), unnamed shale and sandstone (15 to 90 feet thick), "Leavenworth Limestone," IPvale (4 feet thick), unnamed shale and sandstone (170 feet thick) "Labadie Limestone," IPval (6 to 23 feet thick; may also be called "Haskell Limestone"), unnamed shale and sandstone (60 to 100 feet thick), "Bowring Limestone," IPvab (2 feet thick; may also be called "Westphalia Limestone"), unnamed shale (5 to 10 feet thick), and basal "Cheshewalla Sandstone (7 to 20 feet thick; also called "Tonganoxie Sandstone"). Total thickness about 630 feet (190 m) OKLAHOMA CITY- "Vamoosa Formation"- Alternating thin to massive layers of fine- to coarse-grained sandstone and sandy, silty shale containing some chert conglomerate in middle and lower parts of formation. Thickness ranges about 200 to about 690 feet. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- "Vamoosa Formation"- Shale, sandstone, and chert conglomerate; red-brown to buff fine- to coarse-grained sandstone. Subdivided into 12 members, each with coarse clastics at base overlain by shale. Thickness, about 125 to 260 feet (to 1,000 feet in subsurface), decreasing southward.

Tallant Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian-Middle) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

ENID- Alternating layers of shale and fine- to medium-grained sandstone. Thickness ranges from 75 to 250 feet (23 to 75 m). OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly fine- to medium-grained sandstone 10 to 60 feet thick overlain by shale 25 to 65 feet thick. Cut out by "Vamoosa Formation" in central part of area. Total thickness ranges from 0 to 100 feet.

Lithology: sandstone; shale