Mineral Resources On-Line Spatial Data
Mineral Resources > Online Spatial Data > Geology > by state > South Carolina Geology
Geologic units in Colleton county, South Carolina
- Swamp (Quaternary) at surface, covers 8 % of this area
Swamp: Extensive cypress swamps occur in low-lying poorly-drained bay deposits. Limit of cypress is southern Delaware; from NJ south to Georgia. Atlantic white cedar is original species. Commonly extensive thick peat and buried wood.
- Bear Bluff Formation (Pliocene) at surface, covers 30 % of this area
Bear Bluff Formation: One of the older coastal terrace sequences in the Carolinas. Equivalent to Windsor Fm.
- Chenier plain and deltas of Suwannee & Chattahoochie Rivers (Holocene) at surface, covers 14 % of this area
Chenier plain and deltas of Suwannee & Chattahoochie Rivers
- Waccamaw Formation (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 8 % of this area
Waccamaw Formation: Another Carolina costalized terrace of early-middle Pleistocene age. Deeply weathered.
- Duplin Formation (Pliocene) at surface, covers 11 % of this area
Duplin Formation: Coastal terrace of Carolinas. Pliocene equivalent to Yorktown. Deeply weathered.
- Alluvial Valley Swamp (Quaternary) at surface, covers 11 % of this area
Alluvial Valley Swamp: Unconformable on all underlying units, fluvial sand and gravel at base, grading upwards into fine sands and silts, local peat. May be overrun with recent sediments from forest cutting and agriculture.
- Socastee Formation (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area
Socastee Formation: Low coastal formation in Carolinas like Penholoway but younger and lower in altitude.
- Penholoway Formation (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area
Penholoway Formation: Similar to Cape May, broad lateral extent underlying terraces in the Carolinas; swamps and ridges on terrace surface were originally barrier islands and back bays. Superimposed on these landforms are swarms of Carolina bays.
- Beach (Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
Beach: Holocene beach complex sediments. Sands and gravels of littoral zone, dune system, barrier system.
- Tidal Marsh (Quaternary) at surface, covers 9 % of this area
Tidal Marsh: Peat and muck deposits along tidal margins of esturaries and back bays. Deposits range from a few feet to 60+ feet deep. Locally include silt and fine sand and clay as levees on tidal channels. At depth peaty material may be accumulated from fresh water plants. Peat at the surface dominated by spartina and other salt tolerant species.