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Geologic units in Clay county, Texas

Petrolia Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Wolfcamp Leonard]) at surface, covers 22 % of this area
Petrolia Formation
Lithology: mudstone ; sandstone; limestone
Terrace deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene Holocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area
Terrace deposits
Lithology: terrace; sand; gravel; silt; clay or mud
sand sheet deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area
sand sheet deposits
Lithology: sand; silt
Nocona Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Wolfcamp Leonard]) at surface, covers 23 % of this area
Nocona Formation
Lithology: mudstone; sandstone; conglomerate
Terrace Deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of light-tan to gray gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash. Sand dunes are common in many places. Thickness ranges up to 150 feet and averages about 60 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Maximum thickness, about 75 feet (23 m) along major streams. TULSA- Fine gravel, sand, silt, and clay. CLINTON- Stream-laid deposits of sand, silt, clay, gravel, and volcanic ash; thickness ranges from 0 to about 120 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Lenticular beds of sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Thickness ranges from a few feet to about 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. FORT SMITH- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 75 feet (23 m) in Tillman County, ranging from 5 to 50 feet (2 to 15 m) elsewhere. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; thickness, about 5 to 50 feet; at various levels, as high as 160 feet above present flood plains. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; several levels 20 to 160 feet or more above present flood plains, with each level containing deposits that average 20 to 30 feet in thickness, some windblown sand on top; may include colluvial wash down sides of hills
Lithology: sand; gravel; volcanic ash
dune sand sheet deposits (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
dune sand sheet deposits
Lithology: sand; silt
alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 8 % of this area
alluvium
Lithology: sand; silt; clay or mud; gravel
Markley Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Carboniferous Pennsylvanian Permian) at surface, covers 12 % of this area
Markley Formation
Lithology: sandstone; mudstone; conglomerate; coal; limestone
Archer City Formation (Phanerozoic | Paleozoic | Permian [Wolfcamp]) at surface, covers 27 % of this area
Archer City Formation
Lithology: mudstone; sandstone; siltstone; conglomerate
Alluvium (Phanerozoic | Cenozoic | Quaternary | Holocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area
WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Generally light-tan to gray. Thickness along major streams ranges up to 100 feet and probably averages 40 feet; along minor streams the thickness ranges up to 45 feet and probably averages 20 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and locally gravel. Maximum thickness ranges from 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) along major streams and from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m) along minor streams. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. OKLAHOMA CITY- Sand, silt, clay, and lenticular beds of gravel. Thickness ranges from about 30 to 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. Along minor streams, thickness ranges from a few feet to about 50 feet and probably averages about 25 feet. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 50 feet (15 m) thick; Shown only along major streams and tributaries . ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces; thickness, about 25 to 100 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces about 30 feet above channels; thickness, about 50 feet along Little River and 110 feet along Red River
Lithology: alluvium

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