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Fitch Formation - Calc-silicate granofels, biotite granofels, minor sulfidic schist and marble. Correlated with the fossiliferous Fitch Formation of western New Hampshire. Although the text and figures of this report show the Fitch as Silurian, a footnote [added just before this report went to press] cites a change in age from Silurian to Early Devonian based on conodonts found at the Bernardston, MA, locality, as reported in Elbert and others (1988). In Bronson Hill anticlinorium in MA, Fitch occurs as lenses between Clough Quartzite and Littleton Formation. Most common rock types in MA are gray, massive to weakly bedded, quartz-labradorite-biotite granulite containing a moderate amount of some combination of calc-silicate minerals (calcic amphibole, zoisite or clinozoisite, diopside, sphene, and microcline); commonly interbedded with biotite-free granulite that contains same calc-silicate minerals. One small exposure consists of nearly pure calcite marble. Larger lenses of Fitch consist of varieties of schist, similar to Partridge Formation. Best exposures are in low hills west of village of Orange, northeast of junction of MA Hwys 2A and 78. As shown on MA State bedrock geologic map, Fitch everywhere overlies Clough Quartzite and is never in contact with Partridge. Fossils dating the Fitch as Pridolian (Harris and others, 1983) are all from Littleton, NH, area [however, see mention of footnote, above] (Hatch and others, 1988).
|Geologic age||Upper Silurian|
|Original map label||Sf|
|Comments||Part of Connecticut Valley Belt (Silurian and Devonian Rocks) Secondary unit description per MA006.|
|Primary rock type||granofels|
|Secondary rock type||schist|
|Other rock types||marble|
Metamorphic > Granoblastic > Granofelscalc-silicate granofels, biotite granofels
Metamorphic > Metasedimentary > Metacarbonate > Marble
Metamorphic > Schistsulfidic schist
Unpublished Digital Geologic Map of Massachusetts received from Rudi Hon at Boston College in 1998.
Zen, E-An (ed.), Goldsmith, R. (comp.), Ratcliffe, N.M. (comp.), Robinson, P. (comp.), Stanley, R.S. (comp.), Hatch, N.L., Jr., Shride, A.F., Weed, E.G.A., Wones, D.R., 1983, Bedrock Geologic Map of Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, VA, scale 1: 250,000.
Hatch, N.L., Jr., Robinson, Peter and Stanley, R.S., 1988, Stratigraphy of the Connecticut Valley belt, Chapter B, IN Hatch, N.L., Jr., ed., Bedrock geology of Massachusetts: U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper, 1366-A-D, p. B1-B34.
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