Buzzard Creek (Gulch)

Mine, Inactive

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities Au
Ore minerals gold

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale BN
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale C-5
Latitude 65.52
Longitude -164.18
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy Buzzard Creek is a small north tributary to Noxapaga River. It is about 2,500 feet to the east and parallel to Black Gulch (BN018). The location of placer workings on this creek is approximate but its entire length is less than one mile. This is locality 51 of Cobb (1972; MF 417; 1975; OFR 75-429).

Geologic setting

Geologic description

Gold was discovered soon after the turn of the century on tributaries to the Noxapaga River including Buzzard Creek (Collier and others, 1908) and mining took place here after WW II (Hopkins, 1963; Cobb, 1975, OFR 75-429). Frozen, stratified peat and silt (muck), 20 to 30 feet-thick, commonly overlies a few feet of auriferous gravel that is on schist bedrock (Hopkins, 1963, Figure 8, p. 94). Muck locally contains bones of extinct Pleistocene mammals. Although tundra cover of bedrock is extensive in the area (Till and others, 1986), Hopkins (1963) indicates that quartz-calcite veins are common in schist bedrock of the gold- producing tributaries to the Noxapaga River.
Geologic map unit (-164.18267380616, 65.5192779526189)
Mineral deposit model Placer Au-PGE (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).
Mineral deposit model number 39a
Age of mineralization Quaternary; an early radiocarbon age on shallow parts of the frozen and stratified peat and silt of nearby Black Gulch was 8,800 +/- 200 years (Hopkins, 1963, Figure 8).

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration Surface open-cut placer mining, including dozer and sluice operations, took place on this creek.
Indication of production Yes; small
Production notes Significant mining seems to have taken place just before WW II (Smith, 1939, B 910A; 1939, B 017A; 1941) and after (Hopkins, 1963).