|Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale||CI|
|Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale||B-3|
|Nearby scientific data||Find additional scientific data near this location|
|Location and accuracy||The site of the 1929 mining is in sec. 34, T. 8 N., R. 13 E, of the Fairbanks Meridian. Access is poor with no summer roads and only a winter tractor trail.|
Boulder Creek, a tributary of Crooked Creek, is about 21 km long, and cuts quartzite schist and Tertiary granite before crossing the Hot Springs fault and entering the Tintina fault trench. The Tertiary granite is a light gray biotite monzogranite to syenogranite. Heavy-mineral concentrates from the granite contain 45% allanite, 15% chalcopyrite and smaller amounts of other minerals (Nelson and others, 1954). Fluorimetric tests on several other granite minerals indicated the presence of uranium (Nelson and others, 1954).A pebble count of the creek gravel north of the Hot Springs fault indicates a composition of 50 percent quartzite, 27 percent quartz-mica schist, 17 percent quartz, and 6 percent granite (Yeend, 1991). Quartz and schist boulders in the creek are generally about 0.5 meters in diameter, and occasional boulders are up to 1 meter (Yeend, 1991). Gold is generally found in the lower 3.5 feet of the 8 feet of bench gravel (Mertie, 1932, p. 250). The valley near past mining operations is about 70 to 100 meters wide, with fan gravel common at the mouths of small side gulches. Miners have reported two types of gold in the gravel: fine, flaky gold and coarse, rough gold with adhering quartz (Yeend, 1991). Mining on the creek was restricted to the 2-km stretch downstream from Greenhorn Gulch (Yeend, 1991). Operations in 1975 closed down due to excessive amounts of cassiterite in sluice boxes (Menzie, 1983, p. 40).
|Geologic map unit||(-145.072451118761, 65.4696314454779)|
|Mineral deposit model||Placer gold deposit (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a)|
|Mineral deposit model number||39a|
|Workings or exploration||It is uncertain when mining began on Boulder Creek. Hydraulic mining of the bench gravel occurred in the early 1930s with gold being found in the lower 3.5 feet of the 8 feet of bench gravel (Mertie, 1932). Mining on the creek was restricted to the 2-km stretch downstream from Greenhorn Gulch (Yeend, 1991). Operations in 1975 closed down due to excessive amounts of cassiterite in sluice boxes (Menzie, 1983, p. 40).|
|Indication of production||Yes; small|
|Production notes||Mining has been reported (see workings/exploration); however, amount of production is unknown.|
Barker, J.C., 1979, A trace element study of the Circle mining district, Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Open-File Report 57-79, 74 p.
Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-391, 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
Cobb, E.H., 1976, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 76-633, 72 p.
Eberlein, G. D., Chapman, R. M., Foster, H. L., and Gassaway, J. S., 1977, Map and table describing known metalliferous and selected nonmetalliferous mineral deposits in central Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open File Report 77-168D, 132 p.
Menzie, W.D., Foster, H.L., Tripp, R.B., and Yeend, W.E., 1983, Mineral resource assessment of the Circle quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 83-170-B, 61 p., 1 sheet, 1:250,000.
Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1932, Mining in the Circle district: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 824-D, p. 155-172.
Mertie, J.B., Jr., 1938, Gold placers of the Fortymile, Eagle, and Circle districts, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 897-C, p. 133-261.
Nelson, A.E., West, W.S., and Matzko, J.J., 1954, Reconnaissance for radioactive deposits in eastern Alaska, 1952: U.S. Geological Survey Circular 348, 21 p.
|Reporters||C.J. Freeman, J.R. Guidetti Schaefer, A.S. Clements (Avalon Development Corporation)|
|Last report date||9/8/1998|