Yellow Pup

Mine, Inactive

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities W
Ore minerals scheelite
Gangue minerals apatite; diopside; garnet; hornblende

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale FB
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale D-1
Latitude 64.981
Longitude -147.348
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy The Yellow Pup mine is located in the SW1/4SE1/4, sec. 21, T. 2 N., R. 2 E., Fairbanks Meridian. The Yellow Pup mine is at an elevation of 1,900 feet near the head of Yellow Pup Creek, about 0.5 mile east of the summit of Gilmore Dome. The mine is locality 34 of Cobb (1972 [MF 410]).

Geologic setting

Geologic description

The following description of the Yellow Pup tungsten deposit is summarized from Robinson (1981). The rocks consist of a hornfelsed sequence of feldspar-quartz schist, biotite-muscovite-quartz schist, muscovite-quartz schist, calc-amphibolite, and marble. The tungsten-bearing beds occur in pelitic schists and quartzite that contain resorbed biotite and andalusite porphyroblasts that reflect hornfelsing caused by the intrusion of the nearby Gilmore Dome stock. The tungsten-bearing rocks are marble, calc-amphibolites, and siliceous calc-silicate rocks. These rocks form distinctive layers within a package of rocks dominated by barren mica schist, quartz schist, and quartzite. Two types of calc-amphibolites are present. The most common is epidote amphibolite, which has sporadic concentrations of scheelite and powellite. The other calc-amphibolite occurs in a 2-meter-thick layer in the main open cut and consists of hornblende, quartz, tremolite, muscovite, epidote clinozoisite, garnet, plagioclase, and chlorite. There may be as much as 10 percent scheelite in this amphibolite. In the mine, the mineralized zone is arched into a small, north-plunging, asymmetrical antiform that flattens to the south where it is truncated by a high-angle fault. Most mineralization appears to be within the eastern limb of the structure. Other scheelite occurrences are present in epidote-amphibolite layers in surface trenches; the size of these zones varies, but none appear to be as large or as high grade as the calc-amphibolite zone.
Geologic map unit (-147.350438411788, 64.9805769764569)
Mineral deposit model W skarn deposit (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 14a)
Mineral deposit model number 14a

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration An adit was driven 12 feet soon after the discovery of the deposit in 1942 (Thorne and others, 1948, p. 8-9). In 1981, the workings consisted of several open cuts and trenches over an area approximately 1,000 feet long by 300 feet wide (Robinson, 1981).
Indication of production Yes; small
Production notes After its discovery in 1942, 35 tons of ore from the tunnel were stockpiled (Thorne and others, 1948, p. 8-9). In the late 1970s, several tons of high-grade tungsten concentrates were shipped, and a large amount of unmilled ore was stockpiled (Robinson, 1981, p. 1). In 1981, Vincent Monzuella produced a few tons of scheelite concentrate and stockpiled a larger amount of high-grade, unmilled ore (Bundtzen and others, 1982, p. 27).


MRDS Number A015307; D002671


Reporters J.R. Guidetti Schaefer and C.J. Freeman (Avalon Development Corporation)
Last report date 7/31/2001