Black Creek

Prospect, Inactive

Alternative names

Wagner and associates
Wagner lode

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities Au
Ore minerals arsenopyrite; gold; pyrite; pyrrhotite
Gangue minerals calcite; quartz

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale HE
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale A-1
Latitude 63.18
Longitude -147.23
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy The map site of this prospect is at an elevation of about 4,100 feet on the west side of Eldorado Creek, about 0.4 mile south of Black Creek. It is in the SE1/4 of sec. 18, T. 20 S., R. 3 E., of the Fairbanks Meridian. The prospect is shown as site 21 in Smith, 1981.

Geologic setting

Geologic description

The Black Creek prospect explores one of several mineral deposits in a belt south of Valdez Creek. The Valdez Creek area is underlain by pre-Upper Triassic pelitic clastic rocks, minor tuff, limestone lenses, and conglomerate. The rocks apparently vary abruptly in regional metamorphosed grade, from prehnite-pumpellyite through greenschist and amphibolite, to granulite. These rocks are intruded by Upper Jurassic alkali gabbro and by dioritic intrusions of Late Cretaceous and Early Tertiary age (Smith, 1981).
The bedding and foliation of the strata strike about N 75 E and dip steeply northwest. Strike-slip faults having a similar orientation are also present, particularly on the south side of Valdez Creek (Smith, 1981). On the north side of the creek, a northwest-dipping thrust fault in part explains an apparent 'telescoping' of the metamorphic rocks.
The Black Creek deposit apparently consists of sulfide-bearing, locally auriferous quartz veins in sheared, brecciated, and altered sedimentary and dioritic intrusive rocks. The sulfide minerals include arsenopyrite, pyrite, and pyrrhotite. Recurrent movement along faults, pulses of hydrothermal alteration, and recurrent injection of quartz veins has produced complex geology in the prospect area (Smith, 1981). The prospect area is rust stained in the vicinity of the adit due to the oxidation of iron sulfide minerals. There is a gold and arsenic geochemical anomaly around the prospect area.
Smith (1981) mapped an old adit consisting of about 200 feet of underground workings. He reported argillite, metagraywacke and dioritic intrusive rock, all displaying varying degrees of shearing, quartz veining, and brecciation. Samples on ten foot intervals contained gold values as high as 120 parts per million. Underground development which terminated in 1998, did not find gold values of economic interest. No drilling has been done.
Geologic map unit (-147.232258776665, 63.1795536955659)
Mineral deposit model Low-sulfide Au-quartz vein (Cox and Singer, 1987; model 36a)
Mineral deposit model number 36a
Age of mineralization Late Cretaceous or Early Tertiary, because the quartz veins cut dioritic intrusions that are probably that age.
Alteration of deposit Pyritization; silicification; and local iron staining.

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration One adit and short drifts totaling 220 feet in length. Samples of this adit contained 4 ppm to 86 ppm gold (Smith, 1981). There is another adit and a small mill on the property.
Indication of production None