|Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale||JU|
|Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale||B-1|
|Nearby scientific data||Find additional scientific data near this location|
|Location and accuracy||The Middle Peaks prospect is at an elevation of approximately 2,300 feet, 1/2 mile northwest of Middle Peak at the head of Sheep Creek. It is near the center of the NW1/4 section 2, T. 42 S., R. 68 E. of the Copper River Meridian. The location is accurate.|
The Middle Peak prospect was discovered about 1890 and was developed by at least 5 adits and several open cuts. In 1892, several hundred pounds of copper ore was sent to a smelter for testing. In 1895, 2 tons of copper ore were mined (Redman and others, 1989). The Middle Peak prospect consists of a concordant quartz vein near the contact between felsic phyllite, and intercalated green and black phyllite (Wells and others, 1986). The quartz vein contains pyrite, chalcopyrite, galena, and some secondary copper minerals. U.S. Bureau of Mines samples of a pyrite-bearing quartz vein in felsic phyllite contained up to 13 ppm silver (Redman and others, 1989).This prospect is in the Juneau Gold Belt, which consists of more than 200 gold-quartz-vein deposits that have produced nearly 7 million ounces of gold. These gold-bearing mesothermal quartz vein systems form a zone 160 km long by 5 to 8 km wide along the western margin of the Coast Mountains. The vein systems are in or near shear zones adjacent to west-verging, mid-Cretaceous thrust faults. The veins are hosted by diverse, variably metamorphosed, sedimentary, volcanic, and intrusive rocks. From the Coast Mountains batholith westward, the host rocks include mixed metasedimentary and metavolcanic sequences of Carboniferous and older, Permian and Triassic, and Jurassic-Cretaceous age. The sequences are juxtaposed along mid-Cretaceous thrust faults (Miller and others, 1994). The sequences are intruded by mid-Cretaceous to middle Eocene plutons, mainly diorite, tonalite, granodiorite, quartz monzonite, and granite. Sheetlike tonalite plutons emplaced just east of the Juneau Gold Belt and undeformed granite and granodiorite bodies that are emplaced farther to the east are between 55 and 48 Ma (Gehrels and others, 1991). The structural grain of the belt is defined by northwest-striking, moderately to steeply northeast-dipping, penetrative foliation that developed between Cretaceous and Eocene time (Miller and others, 1994). The majority of the veins in the Juneau Gold Belt strike northwest. Isotopic dates indicate that the auriferous veins in the Juneau Gold Belt formed between 56 and 55 Ma (Miller and others, 1994; Goldfarb and others, 1997).
|Geologic map unit||(-134.258263463201, 58.2600727910651)|
|Age of mineralization||Isotopic dates indicate that the auriferous veins in the Juneau Gold Belt formed between 56 and 55 Ma (Miller and others, 1994; Goldfarb and others, 1997).|
|Workings or exploration||The Middle Peak prospect was discovered about 1890 and was developed by at least 5 adits and several open cuts.|
|Indication of production||Yes; small|
|Production notes||In 1892, several hundred pounds of copper ore was sent to a smelter for testing. In 1895, 2 tons of copper ore were mined (Redman and others, 1989).|
Gehrels, G.E., McClelland, W.C., Samson, S.D., and Patchett, P.J., 1991, U-Pb geochronology of detrital zircons from a continental margin assemblage in the northern Coast Mountains, southeastern Alaska: Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences, v. 28, no. 8, p.1285-1300.
Goldfarb, R.J., Miller, L.D., Leach, D.L., and Snee, L.W, 1997, Gold deposits in metamorphic rocks in Alaska, in Goldfarb, R.J., and Miller, L.D., eds., Mineral Deposits of Alaska: Economic Geology Monograph 9, p. 151-190.
Miller, L.D., Goldfarb, R.J., Gehrels, G,E., and Snee, L.W., 1994, Genetic links among fluid cycling, vein formation, regional deformation, and plutonism in the Juneau gold belt, southeastern Alaska: Geology, v. 22, p. 203-206.
Redman, E.C., Maas, K.M., Kurtak, J.M., and Miller, L.D., 1991, Section D: Juneau Gold Belt subarea, in U.S. Bureau of Mines, Mineral investigations in the Juneau Mining District, Alaska, 1984-1988: Volume 2 - Detailed mine, prospect, and mineral occurrence descriptions: U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication VOL. 2D, 424 p., 19 sheets.
|Reporters||J.C. Barnett and L.D. Miller (Juneau, Alaska )|
|Last report date||12/15/2001|