The Double Glacier occurrence is within the lower Jurassic Talkeetna Formation, an approximately 2,575 meter thick sequence of volcanic and volcaniclastic rocks (Determan and Hartsock, 1966). The volcanic section near the prospect is structurally bounded on the west by the Bruin Bay Fault, a major fault system traceable for over 500 kilometers. On the east, the volcanics are unconformably overlain by upper Jurassic marine sediments (Determan and Hartsock, 1965). The Talkeetna Formation is intruded by rocks of the Aleutian range -Talkeetna Mountain plutonic belt approximately 23 km. southwest of the prospect. These intrusives which consist dominantly of coarse-grained quartz diorites and quartz monzonites have been dated between 175 and 145 m.y. (Steefel, 1987).
At the Double Glacier occurrence, the Talkeetna Formation has been divided into three major groups (Steefel, 1987). The lowest group consist of purple and green andesite flows and breccia which locally show well-developed pillows. The middle group that host the mineralization, consists of coarse-grain felsic breccias, reworked volcaniclastic rocks, crystal tuff, and dacite flows. The upper group consist of polymictic andesitic breccias and conglomerates with andesitic flows. Informally, the middle group has been named the Johnson unit (Steefel, 1987). Numerous structures within the unit including turbidites and reverse graded bedding indicate a subaqueous origin.The mineralization consists of stratiform massive sulfide layers and lens which contain pyrite, chalcopyrite, and sphalerite. There are no published assay results for this occurrence William Ellis (personal communication, 1999) speculates that this occurrence is an upper portion of a Kuroko type massive sulfide deposit.