Kayak Island

Occurrence, Inactive

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities Cu; Pb; Zn
Other commodities Ag; Ba; Mo; Ni
Ore minerals barite; chalcopyrite; galena; pyrite; sphalerite

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale MI
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale D-1
Latitude 59.9009
Longitude -144.4204
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy This occurrence is near the mouth of a small creek on the east side of Kayak Island. The map site is at an elevation of about 100 feet, 2.2 miles southwest of Pyramid Peak, on the south boundary of section 6, T. 23 S., R. 6 E., of the Copper River Meridian. The occurrence is sample locality 021 of Goldfarb and others (1989), and it is accurately located.

Geologic setting

Geologic description

This occurrence is representative of several localities on Kayak Island where stream sediments and heavy-mineral concentrates contain highly anomalous amounts of barium and zinc and less anomalous amounts of silver, copper, lead, molybdenum, and nickel (Goldfarb and others, 1989). At this locality, stream sediments contain 0.5 ppm silver, 150 ppm boron, 5,000 ppm barium, 20 ppm molybdenum, 150 ppm nickel, and weakly anomalous levels of cobalt, copper, scandium, and zinc. The heavy-mineral concentrates from these stream sediments contain 10,000 ppm strontium and 2,000 ppm zinc. Barite is abundant in heavy-mineral concentrates from stream sediments on Kayak Island, and it is generally accompanied by pyrite, sphalerite (zinc concentrations to 20,000 ppm), 10 to 30 percent iron, and 150 to 700 ppm nickel (Goldfarb and others, 1989; Pickthorn and others, 1985). Concentrates with anomalous copper and lead contain microscopic chalcopyite and galena. The barite and base metals are derived from weathering of Tertiary sandstone, siltstone, and glacial-marine deposits of the Poul Creek and Yakataga Formations (Plafker, 1974). The Eocene to Miocene Poul Creek Formation contains interbedded mafic pyroclastic and flow rocks in its upper part and is locally intruded by mafic dikes and sills. Soil sampling on Kayak Island suggests that many of the stream-sediment and heavy-mineral concentrate anomalies are spatially associated with the upper Poul Creek Formation, which contains mafic igneous rocks (Pickthorn and others, 1985).
Geologic map unit (-144.422366639485, 59.9003578969474)
Mineral deposit model Sedimentary-exhalative Zn-Pb? (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 31a?).
Mineral deposit model number 31a?
Age of mineralization Probably late Tertiary, the age of the upper Poul Creek and Yakataga Formations.

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration A reconnaissance stream-sediment and heavy-mineral concentrate geochemical survey (Goldfarb and others, 1989) and follow-up soil geochemical survey (Pickthorn and others, 1985) have been completed on Kayak Island.
Indication of production None


MRDS Number 10307887
Reporters Travis L. Hudson
Last report date 12/12/2001