|Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale||NM|
|Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale||D-1|
|Nearby scientific data||Find additional scientific data near this location|
|Location and accuracy||Goldbottom Creek is the main drainage on the southwest side of Mount Distin. It has been placer mined for gold upstream from its confluence with Steep Creek and into section 31, T. 8 S., R 33 W., Kateel River Meridian. Goldbottom Creek, including Steep Creek, is locality 85 of Cobb (1972 [MF 463], 1978 [OFR 78-93]).|
Goldbottom Creek was placer mined for gold at least as early as 1900 (Brooks and others, 1901). Moffit (1913, p. 87) reported that hand mining and a small hydraulic plant operated in the upper part of the creek in 1905. Moffit (1913) also reported stream tin (cassiterite) at several places in the creek. Goldbottom Creek was later worked by small-scale mechanical methods. Mining perhaps was in conjunction with small-scale mechanical mining on Silver Creek (NM094) and Steep Creek (NM093). Silver Creek and Steep Creek, also Grouse Creek (NM099), are eastern tributaries of Goldbottom Creek. Production on Goldbottom Creek is unknown, but was fairly small. Some small-scale mining and prospecting have been carried out in recent years.Goldbottom Creek drains the basal contact of the massive marble unit mapped by Hummel (1962 [MF 248]) and Bundtzen and others (1994). One of the compilers (C.C. Hawley) mapped this section of Goldbottom Creek at 1 inch to 1,000 feet in 1995 and identified several possible structures that could source gold above the head of placer pay. About 1,000 feet above the head of the placer deposit, Goldbottom Creek enters a canyon, and flood-plain gravels are too thin and narrow to be exploited except on a very small scale. Approximately 6,000 feet above the placer, the creek crosses the lower contact of massive marble and is in this unit for about 2,000 feet. In this reach of the canyon, the marble is highly dolomitized and cut by small quartz veinlets. The marble is in a synclinal structure, and the basal contact is cut again by Goldbottom Creek in its northern headwaters. About 3000 feet above the upper basal marble contact, Goldbottom Creek crosses part of the Penny River fault system that hosts the California prospect (NM062). The possible sources of placer gold in Goldbottom Creek include the complexly veined dolomite unit, the sheared basal contact zone of massive marble, and veins associated with the Penny River fault system. Moffit (1913) reported granitic boulders in Goldbottom Creek gravels, so some gold may have been derived from reworking of glacial deposits derived from the Kigluaik Mountains.
|Geologic map unit||(-165.427820164965, 64.7495378176055)|
|Mineral deposit model||Placer Au (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).|
|Mineral deposit model number||39a|
|Age of mineralization||Quaternary.|
|Workings or exploration||Hand and small-scale mechanical placer mining started as early as 1900 and may still be active on Goldbottom Creek.|
|Indication of production||Yes; small|
Additional commentsSee also Silver Creek (NM094), Steep Creek (NM093) and Grouse Creek (NM099).
Brooks, A.H., Richardson, G.B., Collier, A.J., and W.C. Mendenhall, 1901, A reconnaissance in the Cape Nome and adjacent gold fields of Seward Peninsula, Alaska, in 1900: U.S. Geological Survey Special Publication, p. 1-185, maps.
Bundtzen, T.K., Reger, R.D., Laird, G.M., Pinney, D.S., Clautice, K.H., Liss, S.A., and Cruse, G.R., 1994, Progress report on the geology and mineral resources of the Nome mining district: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, Public Data-File 94-39, 21 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:63,360.
Cobb, E.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Nome quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-463, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Cobb, E.H., 1978, Summary of references to mineral occurrences (other than mineral fuels and construction materials) in the Nome quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File report 78-93, 213 p.
Hummel, C.L., 1962, Preliminary geologic map of the Nome D-1 quadrangle, Seward Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-248, 1 sheet, scale 1:63,360.
|Reporters||C.C. Hawley and Travis L. Hudson|
|Last report date||10/22/1999|