Oregon Creek (below Nugget Gulch)

Mine, Probably inactive

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities Au
Other commodities Bi; W
Ore minerals bismuth; gold; hematite; magnetite; scheelite
Gangue minerals garnet

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale NM
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale C-2
Latitude 64.6832
Longitude -165.6849
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy Oregon Creek is an east tributary to Cripple River; the mouth of Oregon Creek is where the Nome-Teller road crosses Cripple River. This site is 2 to 3 miles below Nugget Gulch (NM147). According to Collier and others (1908, p. 211), a section of ground about a half mile below the mouth of Nugget Creek was particularly productive and is this location. The location is also near six mining claims active between 1926 and 1965 (Heiner and Porter, 1972, Kardex site Kx 52-185; Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 1982). This area was included in locality 71 of Cobb (1972 [MF 463], 1978 [OFR 78-93]).

Geologic setting

Geologic description

Placer mining on Oregon Creek about a half mile below Nugget Gulch was in a gravel from 1.5 to 6 feet thick that consisted of schist, limestone (marble), and granite pebbles. Gold was bright, coarse, and little worn and was produced above a false, yellow-clay bedrock as well as in crevices in marble below the clay. The concentrates were rich in octahedral magnetite and contained some hematite, bismuth, and garnet. Approximately one-quarter mile above this locality, gold occurred mostly in a 2-foot-thick gravel section and in crevices in the underlying bedrock (Collier and others, 1908, p. 211-212).
Geologic map unit (-165.687528502291, 64.6824352635734)
Mineral deposit model Alluvial placer Au (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a).
Mineral deposit model number 39a
Age of mineralization Quaternary.

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration Gold was discovered in Oregon Creek in the winter of 1898-99. Some ground about a quarter of a mile below Nugget Gulch was worked in 1900. The area was visited by F.L. Hess in 1903 who found production on eight claims along the creek. Parts of Oregon Creek have been worked more recently by mechanical methods. Activity on six claims was reported from 1927 until 1965 on Oregon Creek (Heiner and Porter, 1972, Kardex site Kx 52-185; Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 1982).
Indication of production Yes; small
Production notes Mining started in 1898 and continued intermittantly to 1965.


MRDS Number 10307968


Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 1982, Mining claim location maps -- Nome quadrangle: Alaska Division of Geological and Geophysical Surveys, 8 p., 3 sheets, scales 1:63,360 and 1:250,000.
Heiner, L.E., and Porter, Eve, 1972, Alaska Mineral Properties, volume 2: University of Alaska, Mineral Industry Research Laboratory Report 24, 669 p.
Reporters C.C. Hawley and Travis L. Hudson
Last report date 3/12/2000