|Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale||SR|
|Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale||B-7|
|Nearby scientific data||Find additional scientific data near this location|
|Location and accuracy||The mine is located on Falls Creek at an elevation of 2,100 feet. It is situated near the north boundary of the NE1/4 section 21, T. 4 N., R. 1 E., of the Seward Meridian. This is location 72 of Cobb and Tysdal (1980) and location S-224 of Jansons and others (1984). This location is accurate to within 300 feet.|
The mine worked a quartz-calcite vein in a shear zone that also contains gouge. The vein is between 8 inches and 4 feet wide within a 5-foot-wide shear zone that strikes N50E and dips northeast. The host rock consists of tightly folded slate and graywacke that strike north to northeast and dip 75 to 90E (Brooks, 1911 [B 480-B, p. 32]). Nelson and others (1985) mapped this area as shale and graywacke of the Valdez Group of Late Cretaceous age.
The vein is composed of massive white quartz with a minor amount of calcite. Arsenopyrite is the principal sulfide in the wall rock and in the vein. Other sulfides include chalcopyrite, galena, pyrrhotite, pyrite, and sphalerite. Brooks (1911 [B 480-B]) noted that gold appeared to be concentrated in a bluish quartz.Recorded production totalled 65 ounces of gold and 13 ounces of silver (Hoekzema and Sherman, 1983).
|Geologic map unit||(-149.280520978107, 60.428921988651)|
|Mineral deposit model||Low-sulfide Au-quartz vein (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 36a)|
|Mineral deposit model number||36a|
|Age of mineralization||Cretaceous or younger; the vein cuts rocks of the Valdez Group of Late Cretaceous age.|
|Workings or exploration||
Workings total about 860 feet of adit, drift, and winze. Hoekzema and Sherman (1983) reported that the workings were inaccessible; however, the portal below the falls was opened in the early 1990s by the current mining claimants. It is only a few feet above the creek level. Improvements consisted of two 2-stamp mills, a Chilean mill, and a crusher powered by a Pelton water wheel operating under 80-foot head of water from Falls Creek (Brooks, 1911 [B 480-B, p. 32]). The remains of a ball mill can be seen several hundred feet upstream from the stamp mills. The 3.5-mile-long mine road was usable by all-terrain vehicles (ATVs) in 2000; the road begins at Crown Point, across the highway from the Trail River campground road.The gold was reported to be free milling and averaged between $30 and $40 to the ton in gold (gold at $20.67 per ounce) (Brooks, 1911 [B 480-B]). A 6-foot chip sample collected by the U.S. Bureau of Mines from the vein exposed on the surface assayed 0.09 ounce of gold per ton and 0.07 ounce of silver per ton (Jansons and others, 1984).
|Indication of production||Yes; small|
|Production notes||Total recorded production is 65 ounces of gold and 13 ounces of silver (Hoekzema and Sherman, 1983). Some of this may have come from the Skeen-Lechner mine, SR207, because both were operated by the same company.|
Berg, H.C., and Cobb, E.H., 1967, Metalliferous lode deposits of Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1246, 254 p.
Brooks, A.H., 1911, The mining industry in 1910, in Brooks, A.K., and others, Mineral resources of Alaska, report on progress of investigations in 1910: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 480-B p. 21-43.
Cobb, E.H., and Richter, D.H., 1972, Metallic mineral resources map of the Seward quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-466, 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Cobb, E.H., and Tysdal, R.G., 1980, Summaries of data on and list of references to metallic and selected nonmetallic mineral deposits in the Blying Sound and Seward quadrangle, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 80-621, 276 p.
Grant, U.S., and Higgins, D.F., Jr., 1909, Notes on geology and mineral prospects in the vicinity of Seward, Kenai Peninsula: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 379-C, p. 98-107.
Grant, U.S., and Higgins, D.F., Jr., 1910, Preliminary report on the mineral resources of the southern part of Kenai Peninsula: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 442-D, p. 166-178.
Hoekzema, R.P., and Sherman, G.E., 1983, Mineral investigations in the Chugach National Forest, Alaska (Peninsula study area): U.S. Bureau of Mines in-house report; held at U.S. Bureau of Land Management Alaska State Office, Anchorage, 524 p.
Jansons, Uldis, Hoekzema, R.B., Kurtak, J.M., and Fechner, S.A., 1984, Mineral occurrences in the Chugach National Forest, southcentral Alaska: U.S. Bureau of Mines Mineral Land Assessment 5-84, 218 p., 2 sheets, scale 1:250,000.
Johnson, B.L., 1912, Mineral resources of Alaska, report on progress of investigations in 1911--Gold deposits of the Seward-Sunrise region, Kenai Peninsula: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 520-E, p. 131-173.
MacKevett, E.M., Jr., and Holloway, C.D., 1977, Map showing metalliferous and selected non-metalliferous mineral deposits in the eastern part of southern Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 77-169-A, 99 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:1,000,000.
Martin, G.C., Johnson, B.L., and Grant, U.S., 1915, Geology and mineral resources of Kenai Peninsula, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 587, 243 p.
Nelson, S.W., Dumoulin, J. A., and Miller, M.L., 1985, Geologic map of the Chugach National Forest, Alaska: U.S. Geological Survey Miscellaneous Field Studies Map MF-1645-B, 16 p., 1 sheet, scale 1:250,000.
|Reporters||Jeff A. Huber and Carol S. Huber (Anchorage)|
|Last report date||7/23/2001|