Busch Creek

Mine, Inactive

Commodities and mineralogy

Main commodities Au
Other commodities Hg; Pd; Pt
Ore minerals gold; isoferroplatinum; magnetite; native mercury

Geographic location

Quadrangle map, 1:250,000-scale TK
Quadrangle map, 1:63,360-scale B-2
Latitude 62.4761
Longitude -147.739
Nearby scientific data Find additional scientific data near this location
Location and accuracy Placer workings are between an elevation of about 3,500 to 3,900 feet in upper Busch Creek, a tributary of Goose Creek. Claims extend from the SW1/4 sec. 34 to the SE1/4 sec. 23., T. 28 N., R. 9 E., Seward Meridian. The coordinates are about in the center of the claims. The location is accurate to within 1/2 mile.

Geologic setting

Geologic description

Upper Busch Creek drains an area of granodiorite (Csejtey and others, 1978), but bedrock is not exposed at the mine site. Placer gold in Busch Creek occurs in at least two glaciofluvial bench gravels as well as in the active stream bed. The gold may occur on clay-rich false bedrock (Kurtak and others, 1992). The gold particles are flat and up to 2 mm in diameter, although most are finer (0.5 mm). Miners report finding native mercury on gold flakes from virgin gravels. A 0.15-mm-long grain of isoferroplatinum was identified by Kurtak and others (1992). Stream-sediment samples collected by the U.S. Bureau of Mines contain more than 10 parts per million gold, and a placer concentrate sample contains 1,060 parts per billion platinum and 120 parts per billion palladium (Balen, 1990). Bench gravel samples contain up to 0.012 ounce of gold per cubic yard and 480 parts per billion platinum (Kurtak and others, 1992). Abundant magnetite hinders gold recovery.
Shaft sinking started in the early 1900s (Kurtak and others, 1992). In 1988, a mining operation processed 1000 cubic yards per day of bank-run material through a 7-jig plant. Production of 150 ounces of gold was reported in 1988; the estimated average grade is 0.025 ounce of gold per cubic yard (Balen, 1990). Jig- and centrifuge-type concentrators have improved gold recovery. As of January 1, 2000, a block of approximately 45 state claims and 2 prospecting sites covered this deposit (Northern Associates Inc., written communication, 2001).
Geologic map unit (-147.74119903951, 62.4756363157123)
Mineral deposit model Placer Au-PGE (Cox and Singer, 1986; model 39a)
Mineral deposit model number 39a
Age of mineralization Quaternary placer.

Production and reserves

Workings or exploration Shaft sinking started in the early 1900s (Kurtak and others, 1992). In 1988, a mining operation processed 1000 cubic yards per day of bank-run material through a 7-jig plant. Stream sampling by the U.S. Bureau of Mines (Balen, 1990; Kurtak and others, 1992). Mining claims include Pearly 1, Busch Creek 1-18, Got-cha and Golden Goose 1-4 (Kurtak and others, 1992). As of January 1, 2000, a block of approximately 45 state claims and 2 prospecting sites covered this deposit (Northern Associates Inc., written communication, 2001).
Indication of production Yes; small
Reserve estimates A large potential resource is in the upper glaciofluvial bench gravels, and significant gold is reported in the gravels 2 1/2 miles downstream from the mine (Kurtak and others, 1992).
Production notes Production of 150 ounces of gold was reported in 1988; the estimated average grade is 0.025 ounce of gold per cubic yard (Balen, 1990). Jig- and centrifuge-type concentrators have improved gold recovery.

Additional comments

MAS/MILS number 0020760052.

References