A deposit model for carbonatite and peralkaline intrusion-related rare earth element deposits

Online link https://doi.org/10.3133/sir20105070J
Description Carbonatite and alkaline intrusive complexes, as well as their weathering products, are the primary sources of rare earth elements. A wide variety of other commodities have been exploited from carbonatites and alkaline igneous rocks including
Originators Verplanck, Philip L., Van Gosen, Bradley S., Seal, Robert R. II, McCafferty, Anne E.
Publication U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010-5070-J