Vanadium

Online link https://doi.org/10.3133/pp1802U
Description Vanadium is used primarily in the production of steel alloys; as a catalyst for the chemical industry; in the making of ceramics, glasses, and pigments; and in vanadium redox-flow batteries (VRBs) for large-scale storage of electricity.
Originators Kelley, Karen D.; Scott, Clinton T.; Polyak, Désirée E.; Kimball, Bryn E.; Schulz, Klaus J. (Editor); DeYoung, John H. Jr. (Editor); Seal, Robert R. II (Editor); and Bradley, Dwight C. (Editor)
Publication U.S. Geological Survey Professional Paper 1802

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