Rocks and deposits

Solid masses that make up the earth's crust as well as accumulations of materials. Use for major rock types and unconsolidated deposits. For deposits of economic value, see related terms.
This category is also used for crystals, lithology, and rock composition.
Subtopics:
Fossils (4 items)
Igneous rocks (55 items)
Mineral deposits (51 items)
Permafrost (1 items)
Petroleum (2 items)

Lithologic maps (43 items)


Results listed alphabetically [list by similarity]
A compilation of K-Ar-ages for southern California

Conventional K-Ar ages for granitic, volcanic, and metamorphic rocks collected in this area.

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Aerial gamma-ray surveys in Alaska

Measurements indicating abundance of radioactive elements in near-surface rocks. Grids and flight-line data from surveys flown 1976-1980.

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Aerial magnetic, electromagnetic, and gamma-ray survey, Berrien county, Michigan

Maps, grids, and flight-line databases of a detailed aerial survey and maps and grids of satellite data

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A geochemical isotopic (Nd-Pb) comparison of volcanic rocks erupted during the last 3,550 yrs. B.P. of interplinian activity of Somma-Vesuvius Volcano, southern Italy

Nd and Pb isotopic analyses from stratigraphic sampling from Somma-Vesuvius volcanic complex, Italy, during the last 3550 years point to contributions from heterogeneous lithosphere, continental crust, and magma mixing.

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Airborne electromagnetic and magnetic geophysical survey data of the Yukon Flats and Fort Wainwright areas, central Alaska, June 2010

Study to estimate the 3-D distribution of permafrost, to evaluate the effectiveness of these methods at mapping permafrost geometry, and to better define the physical properties of the subsurface in discontinuous permafrost areas.

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Alaska Geochemical Database (AGDB)-Geochemical data for rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and concentrate sample media

Geochemical analyses of rocks, mineral separates, bulk samples from lake and stream sediments, heavy mineral concentrates, and soils collected by USGS from 1962 to 2009.

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Alaska Geochemical Database, v2

Geochemical analyses of rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and heavy mineral concentrate samples in Alaska analyzed from 1962 through 2009, with best-value estimates.

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Alaska Geochemical Database, Version 2.0 (AGDB2)--including "best value" data compilations for rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and concentrate sample media

Geochemical analyses of rocks, mineral separates, bulk samples from lake and stream sediments, heavy mineral concentrates, and soils collected by USGS from 1962 to 2009.

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Analytical Results and Sample Locations of Reanalyzed NURE Stream-Sediment and Soil Samples for the Humboldt River Basin Mineral-Environmental Assessment, Northern Nevada

The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) and the Bureau of Land Management (BLM) collected stream-sediment and soil samples in order to evaluate the geochemistry of the Humboldt River Basin.

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Analytical results for stream sediment and soil samples from the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Isla de Culebra, and Isla de Vieques

Geochemical data from 2560 stream sediment samples collected in Puerto Rico, 421 soil samples collected on Isla de Vieques, and 35 soil samples were collected on Isla de Culebra, analyzed by semiquantitative spectrographic methods.

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Antimony

Antimony’s leading use is as a fire retardant in safety equipment and in household goods such as mattresses. The U.S. Government has considered antimony to be a critical mineral mainly because of its use in military applications.

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A Review of Aeromagnetic Anomalies in the Sawatch Range, Central Colorado

The report contains digital data, primarily a layer of polygons linked to records summarizing previous interpretations of aeromagnetic anomalies. Data are presented in updated format for input to a GIS, standard graphics software, or map-plotting package.

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Asbestos mines, prospects, and occurrences in the US

Location and mineralogical characteristics of former mines, prospects, and occurrences of asbestos in the continental US. No asbestos producing mines are currently active. Data here are drawn from several previously published reports.

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A summary of data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey at Dasht-e-Nawar, Afghanistan, in support of lithium exploration, June-September 2014

USGS collaboration included providing analysis of Landsat imagery; gravity measurements of sediment and rock samples; oversight of passive seismic data collection and subsequent analysis; and analysis of the chemistry and mineralogy of subsurface samples.

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Automated mapping of mineral groups and green vegetation from Landsat Thematic Mapper imagery with an example from the San Juan Mountains, Colorado

Analysis of multispectral satellite imagery allows us to identify areas covered by various types of minerals and vegetation, with results provided in image files you can use in GIS.

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Available sand and gravel resources in southern New Hampshire

Estimates thickness of sand and gravel resources available in this broad area using geology, topography, land cover, and ground-water level.

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Background information to accompany the atlas of some metal and nonmetal mineral provinces in the conterminous United States

Explains how a set of mineral resource province maps were compiled, what sort of information went into them, how they should be interpreted, and why they are important.

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Barite (Barium)

Barite (barium sulfate, BaSO4) is vital to the oil and gas industry because it is a key constituent of the mud used to drill oil and gas wells. Elemental barium is an additive in optical glass, ceramic glazes, and other products.

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Basement domain map of the conterminous United States and Alaska

Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain.

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Basement domain map of the conterminous US and Alaska

Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain.

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Bedrock and soil geochemistry from Voyageurs National Park, Minnesota

Analyses to establish the background and baseline geochemistry for bedrock and soil in the region, and to determine terrestrial mercury sources and sinks in the park

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Bedrock geologic map of the Ashland and the northern part of the Ironwood 30 min X 60 min quadrangles, Wisconsin and Michigan

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Bedrock geologic map of the Port Wing, Solon Springs, and parts of the Duluth and Sandstone 30 X 60 minute quadrangles, Wisconsin

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Bedrock soil and lichen geochemistry from Isle Royale National Park, Michigan

Geochemical analyses conducted as part of a larger study of the Midcontinent Rift in the Lake Superior region.

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Beryllium

Beryllium is a mineral commodity that is used in a variety of industries to make products that are essential for the smooth functioning of a modern society.

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Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE

Data on 60 of the 527 known carbonatites in the world, providing reliable quantitative data on ore tonnages and grades of niobium and REE.

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Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models

Data on 60 of the 527 known carbonatites in the world, providing reliable quantitative data on ore tonnages and grades of niobium and REE.

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Case study of the environmental signature of a recently abandoned, carbonate-hosted replacement deposit: The Clayton Mine, Idaho

Multi-element geochemical analysis of host rock, ore, mine waste, flotation-mill tailings, slag, stream sediments, creek and adit waters, and leachates of mine waste and mill tailings.

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Central Colorado Assessment Project (CCAP)-Geochemical data for rock, sediment, soil, and concentrate sample media

Chemical analysis of 47,478 samples of various geological materials to facilitate geologic mapping, petrologic studies, mineral resource assessment, and similar regional environmental assessements.

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Characterization of Geologic Structures and Host Rock Properties Relevant to the Hydrogeology of the Standard Mine in Elk Basin, Gunnison County, Colorado

Geological and borehole geophysical data and observations collected to characterize the basin and its surface and groundwater flow systems with primary focus on the physical characteristics of the fault vein, related mine workings, and surrounding bedrock

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Characterization of major lithologic units underlying the lower American River using water-borne continuous resistivity profiling, Sacramento, California, June 2008

Geophysical study of the sediment under a river intended to help assess the susceptibility of this material to scour and the erosion of levees adjacent to the river.

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Characterization of mine waste at the Elizabeth copper mine, Orange County, Vermont

Preliminary information about the concentration, spatial distribution and mineral hosting of metals and other elements in solid materials at the Elizabeth copper mine after 50 years (or more) of weathering and oxidation.

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Chemical analyses of soils and other surficial materials of the conterminous US

Geochemistry of soils and other regoliths collected and analyzed by Hans Shacklette and colleagues from 1958 until about 1976.

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Chemical Composition of Samples Collected from Waste Rock Dumps and Other Mining-Related Features at Selected Phosphate Mines in Southeastern Idaho, Western Wyoming, and Northern Utah

Chemical analyses for 31 samples collected from various phosphate mine sites in southeastern Idaho (25), northern Utah (2), and western Wyoming (4)

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Chemical data for rock, sediment, biological, precipitate, and water samples from abandoned copper mines in Prince William Sound, Alaska

Report containing tables of geochemical data

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Chemistry of Selected Core Samples, Concentrate, Tailings, and Tailings Pond Waters: Pea Ridge Iron (-Lanthanide-Gold) Deposit, Washington County, Missouri

This report examines potential sources of lanthanide elements [rare earth elements (REE)] with the objective of providing up-to-date geologic information regarding mineral commodities likely to have increased demand in the near term.

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Cobalt

Cobalt is a silvery gray metal that has diverse uses due to its ferromagnetism, hardness and wear-resistance when alloyed with other metals, low thermal and electrical conductivity, high melting point, multiple valences, and color effects with silica.

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Cobalt Deposits in the United States

Descriptions of more than 60 mineral regions, mines, and mineral deposits within the United States and its territories that are reported to contain enrichments of cobalt.

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Comparative mineral mapping in the Colorado Mineral Belt using AVIRIS and ASTER remote sensing data

A multidisciplinary mapping and data integration project focused on long-term resource planning by the mapping and characterization of exposed surface mineralogy, including that related to hydrothermal alteration and supergene weathering of pyritic rocks.

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Compilation of mineral resource data for Mississippi Valley-Type and clastic-dominated sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits

Global compilation of information on the sediment-hosted Pb-Zn deposits traditionally called sedimentary exhalative (SEDEX) and Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) deposits, including updated updated grade and tonnage data.

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Complete analytical data for Jurassic igneous rocks in the Bald Mountain mining district, Nevada

Petrographic and geochemical analyses of 50 outcrop samples and 58 drill core samples.

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Concentrations and bioaccessibility of metals in vegetation and dust near a mining haul road, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska

Samples of surficial materials analyzed for aluminum, barium, cadmium, lead, and zinc concentrations.

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Constraining the location of the Archean--Proterozoic suture in the Great Basin based on magnetotelluric soundings

A regional profile on the Utah-Nevada State line reveals a deeply penetrating, broad electrical conductor suggesting the southwestern limit of intact Archean crust is farther north than previously reported with implications for future mineral exploration.

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Cretaceous magmatic rocks of Alaska

Data derived from the 1994 map "Latest Cretaceous and Cenozoic magmatic rocks of Alaska" compiled by E.J. Moll-Stalcup, D.A. Brew, and T.L. Vallier, published (at 1:2,500,000 scale) in volume G-1 of "The Geology of Alaska" (GSA)

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Database of significant deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in the United States

It has long been recognized that the largest mineral deposits contain most of the known mineral endowment (Singer and DeYoung, 1980). Sometimes called giant or world-class deposits, these largest deposits account for a very large share of historic and cur

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Data report for the geologic and scenic quality evaluation of selected sand and gravel sites on the Wind River Indian Reservation, Wyoming

Geographic extent of sand and gravel deposits in this area as GIS data.

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Dataset of Aggregate Producers in New Mexico

Location and descriptive data for aggregate producers in New Mexico that are believed to have been active during the period 1997-1999.

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Description and validation of an automated methodology for mapping mineralogy, vegetation, and hydrothermal alteration type from ASTER satellite imagery with examples from the San Juan Mountains, Colorado

Raster image files indicating the interpreted alteration and mineral groups inferred using the methodology.

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Descriptive models, grade-tonnage relations, and databases for the assessment of sediment-hosted copper deposits--with emphasis on deposits in the Central Africa Copperbelt, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This report describes compilation and evaluation results of data from the USGS global mineral assessment including new descriptive mineral-deposit and grade and tonnage models and spatial databases for deposits and occurrences, ore bodies and open pits.

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Determination of premining geochemical background and delineation of extent of sediment contamination in Blue Creek downstream from Midnite Mine, Stevens county, Washington

Geochemical and radionuclide analyses of surface samples and cores taken near the outflow of this old uranium mine.

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Digital database of mining-related features at selected historic and active phosphate mines, Bannock, Bear Lake, Bingham, and Caribou Counties, Idaho

Spatial database that delineates mining-related features in areas of historic and active phosphate mining.

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Digital data for construction material sources reported by the Arizona Department of Transportation in 1977 for Maricopa County, Arizona

Point features representing pit locations and attribution data captured from an atlas of map sheets and pit data sheets by the Arizona Highway Department

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Digital Data for the Reconnaissance Geologic Map for Prince William Sound and the Kenai Peninsula, Alaska

Geologic map compiled from existing sources without generalization, with new or revised data where available. Part of a statewide geologic map database effort in which the structure and content of the data is as consistent as is practical.

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Digital data from the Great Sand Dunes airborne gravity gradient survey, south-central Colorado

Flight-line data and gravity grids with documentation.

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Digital map of surficial geology, wetlands, and deepwater habitats, Coeur d'Alene river valley, Idaho

Details of materials and geologic environments in an area where a long history of mining has enriched stream sediments in silver, lead, zinc, arsenic, antimony and mercury, copper, cadmium, manganese, and iron.

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Digital maps of hydrothermal alteration type, key mineral groups, and green vegetation of the western United States derived from automated analysis of ASTER satellite data

Mineral groups identified through automated analysis of remote sensing data acquired by the ASTER system were used to map the type and spatial distribution of hydrothermal alteration, other exposed mineral groups, and green vegetation.

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Distribution of igneous rocks in Medina and Uvalde counties, Texas, as inferred from aeromagnetic data

High resolution aeromagnetic survey used to infer the locations of igneous rock bodies in the area, which are provided in GIS data files

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Element concentrations in soils and other surficial materials of Alaska

Mean concentrations of 35 elements, ash yields, and pH have been estimated for samples of sils and other unconsolidated surficial materials from 266 collection locations throughout Alaska. These background values can be applied to studies of environmental

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Environmental impact of the Contact and Sonoma mercury mines on water, sediment, and biota in Anna Belcher and Little Sulphur Creek watersheds, Sonoma County, California

Data from field sampling of tailings, waste rock, sediment, and water at the mines, along with water, sediment, and biota in a pond and tributaries that drain from the mine area, to help assess the chemical hazards due to historic mining.

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Estimated gravel resources of the Soucook River valley, Loudon, New Hampshire, 7.5' Quadrangle using improved techniques for assessing gravel resources in glaciofluvial deposits

Images and text from a poster session (Geological Society of America Northeastern Section) showing methodology and results for an example

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Evaporite-related potash resources: deposits and permissive tracts worldwide

Includes descriptions of 981 known occurrences and deposits as well as qualitative assessment of undiscovered resource potential in 84 permissive tracts.

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Examination of Libby, Montana, Fill Material for Background Levels of Amphibole from the Rainy Creek Complex Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

Sample locations and descriptions, with compositional analysis to constrain the natural background levels of fibrous amphiboles potentially derived from the nearby Rainy Creek Complex.

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Field demonstrations of five geophysical methods that could be used to characterize deposits of alluvial aggregate

Data from seismic reflection and refraction, electromagnetic sounding, and resistivity profiling in a study area in Indiana. Exact location is not provided.

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First steps of integrated spatial modeling of titanium, zirconium, and rare earth element resources within the Coastal Plain sediments of the southeastern United States

This report summarizes the assembly of pertinent data, determination of its limits, analysis of its properties, and the relations among the different data types in preparation for future modeling.

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Fluorine

Fluorine compounds are essential in numerous chemical and manufacturing processes. Fluorspar is the commercial name for fluorite (isometric CaF2), which is the only fluorine mineral that is mined on a large scale.

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Frac sand in the United States: a geological and industry overview

Discusses the physical properties of frac sand, its geologic origin and formation contributing processes, its use in industry, consumption history and a global outlook. US / Canadian producers are detailed and potential other sources delineated in a GIS

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Gallium

Gallium is a soft, silvery metallic element with an atomic number of 31 and the chemical symbol Ga. Gallium is used in a wide variety of products that have microelectronic components containing either gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium nitride (GaN).

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Gamma-ray, magnetic, and topographic data for parts of the Colorado Front Range

Five geospatial grids from the NURE surveys, showing potassium, uranium, and thorium concentration, residual magnetic field, and digital elevation.

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Generalized thermal maturity map of Alaska

Data derived from the 1996 "Generalized Thermal Maturity Map of Alaska" compiled by M.J. Johnsson and D.G. Howell, published in USGS Bulletin 2142. Combines vitrinite reflectance and conodont alteration index in generalized units.

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Geochemical analyses of geologic materials from areas of critical environmental concern, Clark and Nye counties, Nevada

Results of analysis in tabular form

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Geochemical analysis of soils and sediments, Coeur d'Alene drainage basin, Idaho: Sampling, analytical methods, and results

Chemical composition of sediments and soils are of interest because of the potential for human and wildlife health impacts from high metal contents due to over 100 years of mining activity.

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Geochemical and mineral maps from soils of the conterminous United States: interactive web site

Interactive web site showing geochemical and mineralogical maps along with a histogram, boxplot, and empirical cumulative distribution function plot for each element or mineral whose data are provided in DS-801

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Geochemical and mineralogical characterization of the abandoned Valzinco (lead-zinc) and Mitchell (gold) mine sites prior to reclamation, Spotsylvania County, Virginia

Geochemical data for all solid sample media, along with mineralogical data, and results of weathering experiments on Valzinco tailings and field experiments on sediment accumulation in Knights Branch.

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Geochemical and mineralogical data for soils of the conterminous United States

Systematic geochemical and mineralogical survey of soil horizons analyzed using a consistent set of methods, sample spacing 1 per 1,600 sq km.

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Geochemical and mineralogical data for soils of the conterminous United States

Systematic geochemical and mineralogical survey of soil horizons analyzed using a consistent set of methods, sample spacing 1 per 1,600 sq km.

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Geochemical and mineralogical maps for soils of the conterminous United States

Geochemical and mineralogical maps along with a histogram, boxplot, and empirical cumulative distribution function plot for each element or mineral whose data are provided in DS-801

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Geochemical and mineralogic characterization of solids and their effects on waters in metal-mining environments, in Seal, R.R., II, and Foley, N.K., eds., Progress on geoenvironmental models for selected mineral deposit types

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Geochemical and petrographic data for intrusions peripheral to the Big Timber Stock, Crazy Mountains, Montana

The Paleocene Fort Union Formation hosts a compositionally diverse array of Eocene plugs, dikes, and sills arrayed around the Eocene Big Timber stock in the Crazy Mountains of south-central Montana. The geochemistry and petrography of the sills have no

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Geochemical and stable isotopic data on barren and mineralized drill core in the Devonian Popovich Formation, Screamer sector of the Betze-Post gold deposit, northern Carlin trend, Nevada

Detailed chemical and isotopic analysis of host and associated rocks within an area that is currently the largest producer of gold in the US. Part of a study of the hydrothermal activity leading to the formation of these gold deposits.

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Geochemical characterization of mine waste at the Ely Copper Mine superfund site, Orange County, Vermont

An environmental impact study is done for the abandoned Ely copper mine. The extent of contamination is studyed along with the type and chemical composition of the mine waste piles.

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Geochemical Characterization of Mine Waste, Mine Drainage, and Stream Sediments at the Pike Hill Copper Mine Superfund Site, Orange County, Vermont: U.S. Geological Survey, in cooperation with the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency

Sampling procedures, analytical methodologies, and results to assess the potential for mine waste and drainage to have an adverse impact on aquatic ecosystems, on drinking- water supplies, and to human health

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Geochemical database for the Boulder Batholith and its satellitic plutons, southwest Montana

Geochemical analyses of Cretaceous igneous intrusions in order to establish the geologic framework for world-class mineral deposits of the Butte district

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Geochemical data for Colorado soils-Results from the 2006 state-scale geochemical survey

Major and trace element concentration data for 960 sites, providing a baseline for the natural variation in soil geochemistry in Colorado.

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Geochemical data for core and bottom-sediment samples collected in 2007 from Grand Lake o' the Cherokees, northeast Oklahoma

In this area of historical lead-zinc mining activity, studies such as this help to assess the possibility of human exposure to cadmium and lead through eating fish.

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Geochemical data for samples collected in 2007 near the concealed Pebble porphyry Cu-Au-Mo deposit, southwest Alaska

Analytical results for geochemical samples collected in 2007 from the Pebble deposit and surrounding environs

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Geochemical data for samples collected in 2008 near the concealed Pebble porphyry Cu-Au-Mo deposit, southwest Alaska

Chemical analysis of surface samples taken over a well known but concealed deposit to understand metal migration into the surface materials and to assess the power of surface sampling for detecting concealed deposits of this type.

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Geochemical landscape of the conterminous US: maps of NURE-HSSR data

Maps derived from a subset of the National Uranium Resource Evaluation Hydrogeochemical and Stream Sediment Reconnaissance data. Samples are from streams, lakes, ponds, springs, playas, and soils. Includes Na, Ti, Fe, Cu, Zn, As, Ce, Hf, Pb, Th, and U.

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Geochemical results from stream-water and stream-sediment samples collected in Colorado and New Mexico

Data from a study intended to explore how well the chemical analysis of water and sediment in an area reflects that of the rock from which the sediments are eroded and through which the water flows.

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Geochemical Results of Lysimeter Sampling at the Manning Canyon Repository in the Mercur Mining District, Utah

This report presents chemical characteristics of transient unsaturated-zone water collected by lysimeter from the Manning Canyon repository site in Utah. Data collected by U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Manageme

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Geochemistry of magnetite from porphyry Cu and skarn deposits in the southwestern United States

Hydrothermal orebodies and their host rocks are characterized by compositional variations in magnetite. Minor and trace element data for hydrothermal and igneous magnetite are compared with an unmineralized magnetite-series granodiorite in southwest Japan

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Geochemistry of rock samples collected from the Iron Hill carbonatite complex, Gunnison county, Colorado

A study conducted collected 57 surface rock samples from nine types of intrusive rock to reexamine the chemistry and metallic content of the major rock units of the Iron Hill complex

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Geochemistry of sediments in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for unconsolidated sediments (stream sediments, lake sediments, etc.) collected in the US and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered in the PLUTO database, which is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochemistry of soils from the San Rafael Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Surficial geochemical methods used to identify subsurface mineral deposits covered by alluvium. Can a geophysical anomaly, interpreted as a buried granite pluton, be discerned from the geochemical characteristics of overlying Quaternary sediments?

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Geochemistry of soils in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for soils collected in the United States and analyzed by the USGS. The data were originally entered into the in-house PLUTO database. This is a subset of DDS-47.

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Geochemistry of soils in the US from the RASS database

Geochemical data for soils collected by USGS personnel and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered into the Rock Analysis Storage System (RASS), a database that is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochemistry of stream sediments in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

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Geochemistry of unconsolidated sediments in the US from the RASS database

Geochemical data for unconsolidated sediments (stream sediments, lake sediments, etc.) collected by USGS personnel and analyzed by USGS. These data were part of the Rock Analysis Storage System and are now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochronology and correlation of Tertiary volcanic and intrusive rocks in part of the southern Toquima Range, Nye County, Nevada

40Ar/39Ar dating, electron microprobe analyses and geologic mapping help clarify chronology and correlations of the numerous volcanic and intrusive units exposed in the area and interpret the petrogenesis of a few of the volcanic units.

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Geochronology and geology of late Oligocene through Miocene volcanism and mineralization in the western San Juan mountains, Colorado

New age determinations with descriptions of sample locations and analytical details.

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Geochronology of Cenozoic rocks in the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

Presents data for mineral deposits and unaltered and hydrothermally altered volcanic rocks. Data presented were acquired in three USGS labs by three different geochronologists. Analytical methods and data derived from each lab are presented separately.

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Geologic and mineralogic controls on acid and metal-rich rock drainage in an alpine watershed, Handcard Gulch, Colorado

Mineralogical data on samples from the surface and from drill cores, with geological observations help to understand the hydrology and effects of geology on acid-rock drainage in a mineralized alpine watershed.

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Geologic field notes and geochemical analyses of outcrop and drill core from Mesoproterozoic rocks and iron-oxide deposits and prospects of southeast Missouri

Field notes, locations, rock descriptions, and geochemical analyses from a 1988 to 1994 study to facilitate new research efforts in IOCG (iron-oxide deposits in context with other iron oxide-copper ± uranium) deposit types.

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Geologic field notes, geochemical analyses, and field photographs of outcrops and rock samples from the Big Delta B-1 quadrangle, east-central Alaska

Major element oxide and trace element geochemical analyses, including those for gold, silver, and base metals, for representative rock units and for grab samples from quartz veins and mineralized zones within the quadrangle

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Geologic map of Big Bend National Park, Texas

New geologic map to reflect mapping of late Cretaceous to Tertiary clastic sedimentary rocks, park-wide mapping of surficial deposits, and a newly revised volcanic stratigraphy.

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Geologic map of central (interior) Alaska

Geologic map and associated digital databases of central Alaska. Compilation and reinterpretation of previously published and unpublished mapping at 1:250,000 scale, with limited 1:125,000 and 1:63,360 scale mapping.

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Geologic map of metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of G.G. Semenov and others

Province contains Weka Dur, see companion report chapter B. Reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

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Geologic map of the Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, Badghis, Ghor, and Herat Provinces, Afghanistan, modified from the 1974 original map compilation of Y.I. Shcherbina and others

Presents one of several gold and copper deposit prospect areas in west-central Afghanistan. Reproduced topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original terminology and rock classification translated literally to modern English geologic usage.

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Geologic map of the Bartlett Springs Fault Zone in the vicinity of Lake Pillsbury and adjacent areas of Mendocino, Lake, and Glenn Counties, California

Map and study intended to provide geologic information for the regional study of materials properties, earthquake shaking, landslide hazards, mineral potential, seismic velocity, and earthquake faults.

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Geologic map of the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

Spatial geologic map with rock type, vents, arcs, landslides, etc. provided in an ESRI geodatabase and KMZ format for Google Earth viewing. Mapsheet with accompanying descriptive pamphlet is provided as a PDF. Petrographic rock summary is also included.

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Geologic map of the Christian quadrangle, Alaska

Geology of the Christian quadrangle in the Porcupine Plateau, southern Brooks Range, and Yukon Flats. Includes geologic map, fossil data, location of oil shale, and geospatial data sets.

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Geologic map of the Cook Inlet region, Alaska, including parts of the Talkeetna, Talkeetna Mountains, Tyonek, Anchorage, Lake Clark, Kenai, Seward, Iliamna, Seldovia, Mount Katmai, and Afognak 1:250,000-scale quadrangles

The map updates a major geologic map of the Cook Inlet region published in 1976 incorporating new and additional mapping and interpretation. This map is also a revision of areas of overlap with the geologic map completed for central Alaska.

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Geologic map of the east half of the Lime Hills 1:250,000-scale quadrangle, Alaska

This map, compiled from geologic mapping conducted (1985-1992) by the U.S. Geological Survey as part of the Alaska Mineral Resource Assessment Program, builds upon previous USGS work unraveling the magmatic history of the Alaska-Aleutian Range batholith.

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Geologic map of the Patagonia Mountains, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Spatial databases for map units, strike and dip, geologic contacts, faults, dikes, in addition to a topographic base map are provided in an Esri file geodatabase. The geologic mapsheet is also provided as a PDF.

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Geologic map of the Weka Dur gold deposit, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of M.P. Guguev and others

Weka Dur is the largest gold occurrence in Afghanistan. Map reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

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Geology and mineral resources of the North-Central Idaho Sagebrush Focal Area: Chapter C in Mineral resources of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

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Geology and mineral resources of the North-Central Montana Sagebrush Focal Area: Chapter D in Mineral resources of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

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Geology and mineral resources of the Sheldon-Hart Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex (Oregon and Nevada), the Southeastern Oregon and North-Central Nevada, and the Southern Idaho and Northern Nevada (and Utah) Sagebrush Focal Areas

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Geology and mineral resources of the Southwestern and South-Central Wyoming Sagebrush Focal Area, Wyoming, and the Bear River Watershed Sagebrush Focal Area, Wyoming and Utah

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Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica

Geologic map at 1:500,000 scale, digitized from USGS I-1865. Includes mines, prospects, and occurrences, permissive tracts for several mineral deposit types, and gravity anomaly contours.

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Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica at 1:500,000 scale; a digital representation of maps of the U.S. Geological Survey's 1987 folio I-1865

Geologic units, structural features, geochemical sample points, and detailed information about the Tilaran gold mining area.

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Geology and resource assessment of the Venezuelan Guayana Shield at 1:500,000 scale

Mineral resource assessment of the Venezuelan Guayana Shield, including geologic unit map

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Geology and undiscovered resource assessment of the potash-bearing Central Asia Salt Basin, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan

Known deposits, thickness of potash-bearing units, and permissive tracts with estimates of undiscovered resources.

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Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, Admiralty Island, southeastern Alaska

This metal ore deposit formed over a period of time in which its tectonic setting was changing, consequently it shows a range of characteristics typical of several different types of deposits. Rock geochemistry data are provided in tabular form.

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Geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of the Fry Canyon uranium/copper project site, southeastern Utah - Indications of contaminant migration

Chemical analyses of water and sediment samples, images depicting resistivity.

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Geology of the Prince William Sound and Kenai Peninsula region, Alaska

The region includes a significant part of one of the world’s largest accretionary complexes and a small part of the classic magmatic arc geology of the Alaska Peninsula. The map was compiled from existing mapping augmented by available new or revised data

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Geophysical and geochemical data from the area of the Pebble Cu-Au-Mo porphyry deposit, southwestern Alaska: Contributions to assessment techniques for concealed mineral resources

Uninterpreted geophysical measurements and geochemical and mineralogical analytical data from samples collected during the summer field seasons from 2007 to 2010. Data are available in a single Geographic Information System (GIS) database.

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Geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and enivronmental data for rock samples collected in a mineralized volcanic environment, upper Animas River watershed, Colorado

Data for 90 rock samples collected from 2001 to 2007 for geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and environmental rock properties of acid neutralizing capacity and net acid production.

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Geophysical studies in the vicinity of Blue Mountain and Pumpernickel Valley near Winnemucca, north-central Nevada

Data from more than 660 gravity stations, 100 line-km of truck-towed magnetometer traverses, and 260 physical-property sites in this area.

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Geophysical surveys of Bear Lake, Utah-Idaho, September, 2002

Detailed bathymetry, lake-floor acoustic imaging, and sample characteristics to infer bottom sediment characteristics.

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Geospatial database for regional environmental assessment of central Colorado

Study focusing on the effects of historical mining on Forest Service lands in this area.

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Germanium and Indium

Germanium and indium are used in electronics devices, flat-panel display screens, light-emitting diodes, night vision devices, optical fiber, optical lens systems, and solar power arrays.

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Giant porphyry-related metal camps of the world

Database of large-tonnage, generally low-grade, hydrothermal deposits related to igneous intrusions emplaced at high crustal levels. Includes tri-partite classification based on deposit type, metal commodities, and source/host pluton chemistry.

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GIS-based identification of areas with mineral resource potential for six selected deposit groups, Bureau of Land Management Central Yukon Planning Area, Alaska

For each deposit group, a map indicates relative density and certainty of favorable data. Tables list datasets used in analysis, parameters queried, their contribution to mineral estimates and allow further user analysis. GIS files enable spatial query.

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Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Deposits, prospects, and permissive tracts for porphyry and sediment-hosted copper resources worldwide, with estimates of undiscovered copper resources.

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Global distribution of selected mines, deposits, and districts of critical minerals

Approximate locations and short descriptions of mines, deposits, and districts where critical minerals are found. The critical minerals are discussed in USGS Professional Paper 1802 many of these locations are described in further detail in that report.

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Global Mineral Resource Assessment

Regional locations and estimates of the probable amounts of undiscovered resources of copper, platinum-group elements, and potash in selected types of mineral deposits to depths of 1 to 3 kilometers below the surface of the earth worldwide.

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Global mineral resource assessment--porphyry copper assessment of Mexico

Includes known resources and permissive tracts with estimates of the number of undiscovered resources likely to be present in the permissive tracts.

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Graphite

Steelmaking and refractory applications in metallurgy use the largest amount of produced graphite; however, emerging technology uses in large-scale fuel cell, battery, and lightweight high-strength composites promise more uses.

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Historical files from Federal Government mineral exploration-assistance programs, 1950 to 1974

Scanned correspondence documenting the work of these programs, typically including information about the geology and mineralization reported at locations for which development assistance was sought.

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History and evaluation of national-scale geochemical data sets for the United States

Overview explaining how and why six different geochemical data sets were produced, and why you might choose to use the data in any one of these instead of the others.

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Hydrogeochemical investigations of historic mining districts, central western slope of Colorado, including influence on surface-water quality

Geochemical analysis of mine dumps, mill tailings, mine drainage, and surface waters indicate contamination from these historic mines is generally less than that asserted or suggested by some geochemical models

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Identification of mineral resources in Afghanistan-Detecting and mapping resource anomalies in prioritized areas using geophysical and remote sensing (ASTER and HyMap) data

Using geophysical and remote-sensing data, previously unrecognized targets of potential mineralization were identified; this report shows those targets along with the evidence for their potential.

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Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Animas River watershed, San Juan county, Colorado

Major assessment of the environmental effects of historical mining in the Animas River watershed with GIS data files, tables, and plates.

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Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana

Geological, geochemical, hydrologic, and biological observations combined with geographic framework data, supporting a multidisciplinary assessment of the impact of historic mining in this area.

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Isotopic ages of rocks in the northern Front Range, Colorado

Maps, tables, and GIS data for isotopic ages determined in the northern part of the study area.

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Large-area material maps of the conterminous United States

Maps of exposed surface mineral groups derived from automated spectral analysis of Landsat 7 ETM+ and Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data.

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Lead-rich sediments, Coeur d'Alene River valley, Idaho; Area, volume, tonnage, and lead content: Surface-sediment geochemical data

Tables containing locations and lead concentrations of 998 surface-sediment geochemical sample sites

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Linking geology and health sciences to assess childhood lead poisoning from artisanal gold mining in Nigeria

Approximately 400 young children have died and thousands more are affected. This study clarifies lead sources and exposure pathways, identifies other toxicants of concern and people at risk, and examines potential for similar lead poisoning globally.

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Lithium

Lithium, the lightest of all metals, is used in air treatment, batteries, ceramics, glass, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, and polymers.

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Lithogeochemical character of near-surface bedrock in the New England coastal basins

Re-classification of geologic units according to their geochemical properties

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Herat mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has barium and limestone deposits.

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Major- and trace-element concentrations in rock samples collected in 2006 from the Taylor mountains 1:250,000-scale quadrangle, Alaska

138 rock geochemistry samples collected during the 2006 field season were analyzed using the ICP-AES/MS42, ICP-AES10, fire assay, and cold vapor atomic absorption methods

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Major- and trace-element concentrations in soils from northern California: Results from the Geochemical Landscapes project pilot study

Regional-scale geochemical survey designed to serve as a baseline for further analyses, and to understand effects of historical mining in the area.

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Major- and trace-element concentrations in soils from two geochemical surveys (1972 and 2005) of the Denver, Colorado, metropolitan area

Analyses of about 900 samples by ICP-MS, ICP-AES, and hydride generation-atomic absorption spectrometry. The samples collected in 2005 were also analyzed by a cold vapor-atomic absorption method for mercury.

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Manganese

Manganese is used to make steel, where it serves as a purifying agent in iron-ore refining and as an alloy.

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Map of sand and gravel mines, prospects, and occurrences, and the geologic units that host them in the Wyoming Landscape Conservation Initiative (WLCI) study area, southwestern Wyoming

Comparison of the locations reported for these mineral deposits with mapped geologic units likely to host them; information comes from three different source compilations.

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Mapping the mineral resource base for mineral carbon-dioxide sequestration in the conterminous United States

Map includes GIS data for magnesium-rich ultramafic rocks

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Map showing extent of glaciation in the Eagle quadrangle, east-central Alaska

This map covers the Eagle 1:250,000-scale quadrangle in the northeastern part of the Yukon-Tanana Upland in Alaska. It shows the extent of five major glacial advances, former glacial lakes, and present fragmented terrace deposits related to the advances.

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Map showing geology, structure, and geophysics of the central Black Hills, South Dakota

This 1:100,000-scale digital geologic map details the complex early Proterozoic granitic rocks, early Proterozoic supracrustal metamorphic rocks, and Archean crystalline basement of the Black Hills.

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Mercury geochemistry of gold placer tailings, sediments, bedrock, and waters in the lower Clear Creek area, Shasta County, California; report of investigations, 2001-2003

Total mercury and methylmercury measured in sediments, tailings, and water in an area where historical gold mining has occurred; proposed habitat restoration work may release some of the mercury that is currently buried there.

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Mercury release from the Rathburn Mine, Petray Mine, and Bear Valley saline springs, Colusa County, California 2004-2006

Summary of data obtained from field sampling of mine tailings and waste rock and water and sediment in regional springs and tributaries that drain from the mine area into Bear Creek. Ground-water springs are also potential sources of mercury here.

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Merged aeroradiometric data for Alaska

Gridded data from aeroradiometric surveys of Alaska.

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Mesozoic magmatism and base-metal mineralization in the Fortymile mining district, eastern Alaska--Initial results of petrographic, geochemical, and isotopic studies in the Mount Veta area

Initial results of a petrographic, geochemical, and isotopic study of Mesozoic intrusive rocks and spatially associated Zn-Pb-Ag-Cu-Au prospects in the area.

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Metallogenic map of zinc, lead, and barium deposits and occurrences in Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, east-central United States

A descriptive compilation of 545 zinc, lead, and barium districts, deposits, and occurrences in Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the eastern midwest states.

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Methods to create GIS styles with examples for lithology and time

Methods used to create several styles for lithology or geologic time, including style files for Lithclass lithologic categories, and ISC and DNAG timescales.

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Mica deposits of the Blue Ridge in North Carolina

Point locations with characteristics of mines and prospects.

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Mineralogic causes of variations in magnetic susceptibility of late Pleistocene and Holocene sediment from Great Salt Lake, Utah

Results of magnetic susceptibility (MS) measurements and magnetic mineralogy of sediments sampled in three cores from the south basin of Great Salt Lake

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Mineral resource data for Mississippi Valley-Type and clastic-dominated sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits

Map interface and data download of Sed Zn-Pb data including KML and GIS data formats

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Miscellaneous geochemical data from waters in the Upper Animas River Watershed, Colorado

This report releases data for waters in which naturally occurring acid-rock drainage occurs but acid-mine drainage from historical mining continues to contribute dissolved metals further degrading preexisting water quality.

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Multielement geochemical dataset of surficial materials for the northern Great Basin

Geochemical data generated during mineral and environmental assessments for the Bureau of Land Management in northern Nevada, northeastern California, southeastern Oregon, and southwestern Idaho.

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National Geochemical Database: Concentrate

Geochemistry of concentrates from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Rock

Geochemical analysis of rock samples collected and analyzed by the USGS. This dataset includes and supersedes rock data formerly released as "Geochemistry of igneous rocks in the US extracted from the PLUTO database"

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National Geochemical Database: Sediment

Geochemical analysis of sediment samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are of stream sediment in the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Soil

Geochemical analysis of soil samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National geochemical survey database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US, from existing data, reanalysis of existing samples, and new sampling. Goal for sample density is one per 289 square km.

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National geophysical data grids; gamma-ray, gravity, magnetic, and topographic data for the conterminous United States

Gridded geophysical data in a variety of formats.

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Net acid production, acid neutralizing capacity, and associated geophysical, mineralogical, and geochemical characteristics of Animas River watershed rocks near Silverton, Colorado

Geochemical analysis of rock samples focusing on characteristics relevant to mine cleanup discussions

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Net acid production, acid neutralizing capacity, and associated mineralogical and geochemical characteristics of Animas River watershed igneous rocks near Silverton, Colorado

Chemical analysis of altered volcanic rocks to determine their potential for neutralization of acid-rock drainage. Includes magnetic susceptibility measurements as well.

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Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

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Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world-database and grade and tonnage models

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

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Niobium and Tantalum

Niobium and tantalum are found together in nature because they have similar physical and chemical properties. Niobium is used in high-strength steel alloys, while tantalum is used in electronic capacitors.

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Occurrence and variability of mining-related lead and zinc in the Spring River flood plain and tributary flood plains, Cherokee County, Kansas, 2009--11

One hundred years of historical mining has resulted in substantial ongoing input of cadmium, lead, and zinc into the environment. This surficial-soil sampling and coring study provides information needed to support remediation efforts.

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Overview with methods and procedures of the U.S. Geological Survey mineral-resource assessment of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

Describes the methods, procedures, and fundamental reference information that were used throughout the assessment.

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Pb-concentrations and Pb-isotope ratios in soils collected along an east-west transect across the United States

Analytical results for Pb-concentrations and isotopic ratios from about 150 samples of soil A horizon and about 145 samples of soil C horizon collected along a 4000-km east-west transect across the USA.

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Petrographic and geochemical data for Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

The purpose of this report is to present available petrographic and geochemical data for unmineralized rock samples, principally volcanic rocks and to make those data available to ongoing petrogenetic investigations of these rocks.

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Phosphate occurrence and potential in the region of Afghanistan, including parts of China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

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Phosphate occurrence and potential of south Asia

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

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Photographs of historical mining operations in Colorado and Utah

A collection of photographs of mine sites, mining operations, and tailings taken prior to 1980 at a variety of sites throughout Colorado and Utah.

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Physical, chemical, and mineralogical data from surficial deposits, groundwater levels, and water composition in the area of Franklin Lake playa and Ash Meadows, California and Nevada

Presents data and describes the methods used to determine the physical attributes, as well as the chemical and mineralogical composition of surficial deposits; groundwater levels; and water composition in this area.

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Platinum-Group Elements

The platinum-group elements (PGEs)—platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium—are metals that have similar physical and chemical properties and tend to occur together in nature. PGEs are indispensable to many industrial applications.

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Podiform chromite deposits

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

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Podiform chromite deposits--database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

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Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin

Study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper assessment of eastern Australia

Delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper assessment of Europe, exclusive of the Fennoscandian Shield

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content

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Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper assessment of Southeast Asia and Melanesia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper assessment of the Mesozoic of East Asia--China, Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, and Russia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper assessment of the Tibetan Plateau, China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Porphyry copper deposits of the world

Information on porphyry copper deposits from around the world with grade and tonnage models, a general classification based on geologic setting, mineralogy, with data allowing locations of these deposits to be plotted using GIS.

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Porphyry copper deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models, 2008

Revised and updated information about mineral deposit models for porphyry copper deposits to facilitate assessment of undiscovered resources

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Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, map, and grade and tonnage models

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

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Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, maps, and preliminary analysis

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

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Potash: a global overview of evaporate-related potash resources, including spatial databases of deposits, occurrences, and permissive tracts

Locations and descriptions of known occurrences, with qualitative assessment of the development potential of permissive tracts where undiscovered deposits of this type may occur.

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Preliminary Aeromagnetic Map of Joshua Tree National Park and Vicinity, Southern California

This map is intended to promote further understanding of the geology and structure in the region by serving as a basis for geophysical interpretations and by supporting geological mapping, water-resource investigations, and various topical studies.

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Preliminary bedrock geologic map of the Seward Peninsula, Alaska, and accompanying conodont data

Digital geologic map information with a consistent set of attributes, part of a national compilation of similar maps. Available in formats compatible with GIS.

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Preliminary digital geologic map of the Penokean (early Proterozoic) continental margin in northern Michigan and Wisconsin

This map portrays the geology of Early Proterozoic rocks deposited along the southern margin of the Archean Superior craton during the Penokean orogenic cycle in northern Michigan and Wisconsin.

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Preliminary Geologic Map of the Cook Inlet Region, Alaska-- Including parts of the Talkeetna, Talkeetna Mountains, Tyonek, Anchorage, Lake Clark, Kenai, Seward, Iliamna, Seldovia, Mount Katmai, and Afognak 1:250,000-scale quadrangles

Digital geologic map information with a consistent set of attributes, part of a national compilation of similar maps. Available in formats compatible with GIS.

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Preliminary non-fuel mineral resource assessment of Afghanistan 2007

Description and estimated amounts of resources with supporting data for use in GIS

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Qualitative assessment of selected areas of the world for undiscovered sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposits

For each area in which this type of deposit may occur, we provide the main characteristics of the area, classification of known deposits by subtype, and a rank indicating the potential of the area to contain undiscovered resources.

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Quality of water and sediment in streams affected by historical mining, and quality of mine tailings, in the Rio Grande/Río Bravo basin, Big Bend area of the United States and Mexico, August 2002

Geochemical data for stream water, sediments, and mine tailings in this area

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Radiometric ages of rocks from Alaska

Radiometric ages of rocks or minerals sampled from Alaska. The data were collected from professional publications and/or received from researchers and used by permission.

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Radionuclide data and calculations and loss-on-ignition, X-ray fluorescence, and ICP-AES data from cores in catchments of the Animas river, Colorado

Results from sediment cores collected during 1997-1999 oxbow lakes and beaver ponds to assess impact of historic mining and exposed mineral deposits on the quality of the water and the aquatic and riparian habitats.

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Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

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Rare-Earth Elements

Because of their unusual physical and chemical properties, the REEs have diverse defense, energy, industrial, and military technology applications including glass, petroleum refining, automobiles, and magnets.

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Reanalysis of Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment and Soil Samples from Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (ver. 3.0, October 2018)

Reanalysis, using modern methods, of nearly 60,000 NURE-HSSR archived samples collected over parts of Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.

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Reconnaissance geologic map of the Duncan Canal/Zarembo Island area, southeastern Alaska

Updated bedrock geologic mapping of the area incorporating a recent airborne geophysical survey, new field work, fossils, radiometric ages, and geochemical signatures. Includes GIS data.

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Reconnaissance geologic map of the Kuskokwim Bay region, southwest Alaska

A geologic map constructed primarily from reconnaissance studies from the 1950s to 1990s. The rocks of the map area range from Proterozoic age metamorphic rocks of the Kanektok metamorphic complex to Quaternary age mafic volcanic rocks of Nunivak Island.

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Reconnaissance soil geochemistry at the Riverton Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Site, Fremont County, Wyoming

The site, on the Wind River Indian Reservation, has Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapahoe tribes concerned about groundwater and soil contamination. This effort studies geochemical soil variation and compares concentrations with levels established by EPA

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Reconnaissance study of the Taylor Mountains pluton, southwestern Alaska

Major and trace element geochemistry for 10 rock samples whose locations are not specified, with data from Argon-Argon analysis supporting geochronological data.

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Regional mapping of hydrothermally altered igneous rocks along the Urumieh-Dokhtar, Chagai, and Alborz Belts of western Asia using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical oper

Regional maps of phyllic and argillic hydrothermal alteration are presented on 10 separate plates available in either low or high resolution. A GIS package includes points features for potential porphyry copper sites also provided in tabular form.

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Relational database for the geology of the northern Rocky Mountains; Idaho, Montana, and Washington

Geologic map unit and lithologic descriptions used in Open File Report 2005-1235, with extensive bibliographic references to geologic literature that could not be included in the spatial database.

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Resource potential and geology of the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison (GMUG) National Forests and vicinity, Colorado

Multi-chapter report combining geologic, geochemical, geophysical, and mining activity data. Downloadable data for coal resource information only.

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Results from the analysis of 723 stream-sediment samples from the Stikine Geophysical Survey area within the Petersburg, Sumdum, Bradfield Canal, and Sitka quadrangles, southeastern Alaska

Small regional scale geochemical mineral exploration results from field studies in Duncan Canal, Zarembo Island, and western Etolin Island.

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Review of samples of sediment, tailings, and waters adjacent to the Cactus Queen gold mine, Kern County, California

Mine tailings here have high levels of arsenic. Experiments conducted on these sediments indicate that the arsenic can be released into the environment and become hazardous through chemical processes that occur when fine sediment is ingested by animals.

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Review of samples of tailings, soils and stream sediment adjacent to and downstream from the Ruth Mine, Inyo County, California

Detailed study of mine waste material and sediments from streams passing through it. Arsenic is the main contaminant of interest here.

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Review of samples of water, sediment, tailings, and biota at the Little Bonanza mercury mine, San Luis Obispo County, California

Data from field sampling of mine tailings, wasterock, sediment, water, and biota at the mine in 2010. Results permit a preliminary assessment of the mining sources of Hg and associated chemicals that could produce elevated levels of monomethylmercury.

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Rhenium

Rhenium is a rare metal that has an extremely high melting point and a heat-stable crystalline structure. It is used in high-temperature superalloys, to make turbine blades for jet aircraft engines and is a catalyst for petroleum refining.

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Rhenium occurrences in the United States

Mining districts, mines, and mineral occurrences (deposits and prospects) within the United States that are reported to contain enrichments of rhenium (Re)

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Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

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Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide.

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Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world: database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide. These deposits have disseminated micron-sized invisible gold in sedimentary rocks.

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Sediment-hosted stratabound copper assessment of the Neoproterozoic Roan Group, central African copperbelt, Katanga Basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This study area encompasses the greatest sediment-hosted copper-cobalt province in the world, containing 152 million metric tons of copper in greater than 80 deposits.

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Sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposit model

This report describes key features; identifies tectonic-sedimentary environments; illustrates geochemical, geophysical, and geoenvironmental characteristics; evaluates deposit formation; presents exploration and assessment guides; and lists knowledge gaps

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Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world

Map interface and data download of Sed Zn-Pb data including KML and GIS data formats

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Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models

This report provides information on sediment-hosted zinc-lead mineral deposits based on the geologic settings that are observed on regional geologic maps.

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Selenium

Selenium is a trace element in Earth's crust. Modern uses for selenium include energy-efficient windows that limit heat transfer and thin-film photovoltaic cells that convert solar energy into electricity.

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Sequential extraction results and mineralogy of mine waste and stream sediments associated with metal mines in Vermont, Maine, and New Zealand

Results from sequential extraction experiments and the quantitative mineralogy for samples of stream sediments and mine wastes collected from metal mines.

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Solid-phase data from cores at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, near Edgemont, South Dakota

Geochemical and mineralogical analysis of uranium-bearing sandstone in order to help understand mineral deposits of this type.

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Spatial Digital Database of the Geologic Map of Catalina Core Complex and San Pedro Trough, Pima, Pinal, Gila, Graham, and Cochise Counties, Arizona

Geologic map information in GIS formats

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State geologic map compilation

Digital geologic maps of the US states with consistent lithology, age, GIS database structure, and format

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Stream-Sediment Geochemistry in Mining-Impacted Drainages of the Yankee Fork of the Salmon River, Custer County, Idaho

Analysis of stream sediments to assess the geochemistry, in particular the mercury and selenium contents, of mining-impacted sediments in the study area

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Stream-sediment samples reanalyzed for major, rare earth, and trace elements from seven 1:250,000-scale quadrangles, south-central Alaska, 2007-09

New analyses of 1,075 previously collected stream sediment samples, measuring more elements with better precision. Includes arsenic, gold, palladium, and platinum and 55 major, rare earth, and trace element concentrations.

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Stream-sediment samples reanalyzed for major, rare earth, and trace elements from ten 1:250,000-scale quadrangles, south-central Alaska, 2007-08

New data for 366 previously collected stream-sediment samples, because recently developed analytical methods can detect additional elements of interest and have lower detection limits than the methods used when these samples were originally analyzed.

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Tellurium

Tellurium is a rare element obtained as a byproduct of mining for other commodities whose main uses are in photovoltaic solar cells and as an additive to copper, lead, and steel alloys in various types of machinery.

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Temporal Chemical Data for Sediment, Water, and Biological Samples from the Lava Cap Mine Superfund Site, Nevada County, California-2006-2008

This report is a compilation of water and sediment chemical data generated by the USGS study of indigenous, arsenic-sequestering microbial communities. A total of 9 synoptic sampling efforts conducted at specific sites are described.

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Terrestrial radioactivity and gamma-ray exposure in the United States and Canada

Flight-line databases and derived grids from aeroradiometric surveys across the US carried out during the 1970s

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Terrestrial radioactivity and gamma-ray exposure in the United States and Canada

Data generated by aerial sensing of radiation emanating from the earth's surface provides general estimates of the geographic distribution of Uranium, Thorium, and Potassium in surficial and bedrock units. Covers the conterminous United States, southeaste

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The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) Geodatabase of the Conterminous United States

A collection of state geological maps using the same underlying database structure. Updates the preliminary state geologic map compilation released in 2005, with corrections and seven updated state geologic maps as well as seven new state geologic maps.

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Tin

Tin (Sn) is one of the first metals to be used by humans. Almost without exception, tin is used as an alloy. Its major uses today are for cans and containers, construction materials, transportation materials, and solder.

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Titanium

Titanium colors paint, paper, plastic, rubber, and wallboard. Because of its strength and corrosion resistance, titanium metal and its alloys are used in the aerospace industry as well as for welding rod coatings, biological implants, and consumer goods.

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U-Pb zircon age data for selected sedimentary, metasedimentary, and igneous rocks from northern and central Alaska

Contains results of age dating studies interpreted in other reports. Samples in each study shown as separate sheets within Excel files. Analyses of each zircon are listed separately on a sheet according to filtering scheme and type of instrument used.

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Uranium in surface waters and sediments affected by historical mining in the Denver West 1:100,000 quadrangle, Colorado

Geochemical analysis of stream waters and sediments in mountainous areas immediately west of Denver, Colorado, to evaluate the concentration and distribution of uranium-bearing acid drainage originating from historical mines

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Uranium-lead zircon ages and Sr, Nd, and Pb isotope geochemistry of selected plutonic rocks from western Idaho

U-Pb geochronology and isotopic studies of select plutons across the Salmon River suture in western Idaho.

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Users guide to Handlens--A computer program that calculates the chemistry of minerals in mixtures

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U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program—Mineral resource science supporting informed decisionmaking

Explains the goals of this scientific research program and the methods by which USGS carries out this research.

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USGS mineral-resource assessment of Sagebrush Focal Areas in the western United States

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists have completed an assessment of the mineral-resource potential of nearly 10 million acres of Federal and adjacent lands in Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming. The assessment of these lands, identifie

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USGS National Map of Surficial Mineralogy

Maps of exposed surface mineral groups derived from automated spectral analysis of satellite and airborne imaging systems; these data suggest areas that may contain mineral deposits of various types.

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Vanadium

Vanadium is used primarily in the production of steel alloys; as a catalyst for the chemical industry; in the making of ceramics, glasses, and pigments; and in vanadium redox-flow batteries (VRBs) for large-scale storage of electricity.

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Weathering and transport of chromium and nickel from serpentinite in the Coast Range ophiolite to the Sacramento Valley, California, USA

Investigates Cr and Ni geochemistry providing insight into the mobility and bioaccessibility of these toxic trace elements throughout northern California and perhaps the origin of elevated dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations in the western Sacramento Valley

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Zirconium and Hafnium

Zirconium and hafnium are corrosion-resistant metals that are widely used in the chemical and nuclear industries. Most zirconium is consumed in the form of the main ore mineral zircon or as zirconium oxide or other zirconium chemicals.

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