Elements

Chemical elements and element groups
Subtopics:
Chemical elements (249 items)


Results listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
Element concentrations in soils and other surficial materials of Alaska

Mean concentrations of 35 elements, ash yields, and pH have been estimated for samples of sils and other unconsolidated surficial materials from 266 collection locations throughout Alaska. These background values can be applied to studies of environmental

Info
Element concentrations in surface soils of the Coconino Plateau, Grand Canyon region, Coconino County, Arizona

Geochemical analysis of 47 elements in more than 700 soil samples that appeared to be unaffected by mineralization or anthropogenic contamination.

Info
Byproduct metals and rare-earth elements used in the production of light-emitting diodes—Overview of principal sources of supply and material requirements for selected markets

Investigates the expanding LED industry and it’s manufacturing complexities. The sources and supply of the select mineral commodities used and the manufacturing process and supply chain are discussed.

Info
First steps of integrated spatial modeling of titanium, zirconium, and rare earth element resources within the Coastal Plain sediments of the southeastern United States

This report summarizes the assembly of pertinent data, determination of its limits, analysis of its properties, and the relations among the different data types in preparation for future modeling.

Info
Major- and trace-element concentrations in soils from two continental-scale transects of the United States and Canada

Spreadsheets containing geochemical data for soils

Info
Platinum-Group Elements

The platinum-group elements (PGEs)—platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium—are metals that have similar physical and chemical properties and tend to occur together in nature. PGEs are indispensable to many industrial applications.

Info
Platinum-group elements in southern Africa: mineral inventory and an assessment of undiscovered mineral resources

This study summarizes the identified mineral inventory of PGE in South Africa and Zimbabwe and estimates the potential amount of undiscovered PGE resources that may be present in these countries.

Info
Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties

Includes platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. These metals have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.

Info
Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

Info
Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

This dataset contains location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences. The data in this compilation were derived from published and non-published sources.

Info
Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

Location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences compiled from published and non-published sources. Geographic coordinates are provided for 577 of the 799 deposits described here.

Info
Rare-Earth Elements

Because of their unusual physical and chemical properties, the REEs have diverse defense, energy, industrial, and military technology applications including glass, petroleum refining, automobiles, and magnets.

Info
Stream-sediment samples reanalyzed for major, rare earth, and trace elements from seven 1:250,000-scale quadrangles, south-central Alaska, 2007-09

New analyses of 1,075 previously collected stream sediment samples, measuring more elements with better precision. Includes arsenic, gold, palladium, and platinum and 55 major, rare earth, and trace element concentrations.

Info
The rare-earth elements: vital to modern technologies and lifestyles

Explains how and where rare-earth resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of rare-earths might be found.

Info
1998 Assessment of undiscovered deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in the United States

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

Info
A preliminary deposit model for lithium brines

This report is part of an effort by the U.S. Geological Survey to update existing mineral deposit models and to develop new ones. The global transition away from hydrocarbons toward energy alternatives increases demand for many scarce metals. Among these

Info
A summary of data collected by the U.S. Geological Survey at Dasht-e-Nawar, Afghanistan, in support of lithium exploration, June-September 2014

USGS collaboration included providing analysis of Landsat imagery; gravity measurements of sediment and rock samples; oversight of passive seismic data collection and subsequent analysis; and analysis of the chemistry and mineralogy of subsurface samples.

Info
Aerial gamma-ray surveys in Alaska

Measurements indicating abundance of radioactive elements in near-surface rocks. Grids and flight-line data from surveys flown 1976-1980.

Info
Aeromagnetic and aeroradiometric data for the conterminous United States and Alaska from the National Uranium Resource Evaluation (NURE) program of the U.S. Department of Energy

Aeroradiometric and aeromagnetic flight-line data from surveys flown at 400 feet with line spacing from 3 to 6 miles from 1974 through 1981.

Info
An exploration in mineral supply chain mapping using tantalum as an example

Investigates the complexity of mineral and metal supply chains in general and shows how they can be mapped. A supply chain is made up of all the manufacturers, suppliers, and information networks supplying materials and parts for production.

Info
An index to PGE-Ni-Cr deposits and occurrences in selected mineral-occurrence databases (original report)

A compendium of references to previously published databases and database records that describe PGE, nickel, and chromium deposits and occurrences. These data show where to obtain more detailed information about each deposit or occurrence.

Info
An index to PGE-Ni-Cr deposits and occurrences in selected mineral-occurrence databases (web-accessible database)

A compendium of references to previously published databases and database records that describe PGE, nickel, and chromium deposits and occurrences. These data show where to obtain more detailed information about each deposit or occurrence.

Info
Antimony

Antimony’s leading use is as a fire retardant in safety equipment and in household goods such as mattresses. The U.S. Government has considered antimony to be a critical mineral mainly because of its use in military applications.

Info
Antimony: a flame fighter

Explains how and where antimony resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of antimony might be found.

Info
Aquatic assessment of the Ely Copper Mine Superfund site, Vershire, Vermont

A wide variety of geochemical analyses show strong local impact on water quality in this area of historical copper mining.

Info
Aqueous geochemical data from the analysis of stream-water samples collected in June and August 2008--Taylor Mountains 1:250,000- and Dillingham D-4 1:63,360-scale quadrangles, Alaska

Measurements on 92 samples, including pH, conductivity, water temperature, major cation and anion concentrations, and trace-element concentrations.

Info
Aqueous geochemical data from the analysis of stream-water samples collected in June and July 2006-Taylor Mountains 1:250,00-scale quadrangle, Alaska

Analyses of 72 water samples include pH, conductivity, water temperature, major cation and anion concentrations, trace-element concentrations, and dissolved organic-carbon concentrations.

Info
Assessment of undiscovered copper resources associated with the Permian Kupferschiefer, Southern Permian Basin, Europe

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Barite (Barium)

Barite (barium sulfate, BaSO4) is vital to the oil and gas industry because it is a key constituent of the mud used to drill oil and gas wells. Elemental barium is an additive in optical glass, ceramic glazes, and other products.

Info
Beryllium

Beryllium is a mineral commodity that is used in a variety of industries to make products that are essential for the smooth functioning of a modern society.

Info
Chemical analyses of soils and other surficial materials of the conterminous US

Geochemistry of soils and other regoliths collected and analyzed by Hans Shacklette and colleagues from 1958 until about 1976.

Info
Chemistry of Selected Core Samples, Concentrate, Tailings, and Tailings Pond Waters: Pea Ridge Iron (-Lanthanide-Gold) Deposit, Washington County, Missouri

This report examines potential sources of lanthanide elements [rare earth elements (REE)] with the objective of providing up-to-date geologic information regarding mineral commodities likely to have increased demand in the near term.

Info
Climax-type porphyry molybdenum deposits

Descriptive mineral deposit model, with locations of known deposits of this type and a few site characteristics.

Info
Cobalt

Cobalt is a silvery gray metal that has diverse uses due to its ferromagnetism, hardness and wear-resistance when alloyed with other metals, low thermal and electrical conductivity, high melting point, multiple valences, and color effects with silica.

Info
Cobalt Deposits in the United States

Descriptions of more than 60 mineral regions, mines, and mineral deposits within the United States and its territories that are reported to contain enrichments of cobalt.

Info
Compilation of mineral resource data for Mississippi Valley-Type and clastic-dominated sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits

Global compilation of information on the sediment-hosted Pb-Zn deposits traditionally called sedimentary exhalative (SEDEX) and Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) deposits, including updated updated grade and tonnage data.

Info
Concentrations and bioaccessibility of metals in vegetation and dust near a mining haul road, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska

Samples of surficial materials analyzed for aluminum, barium, cadmium, lead, and zinc concentrations.

Info
Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tantalum processing plants, a critical part of the tantalum supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Info
Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tungsten processing plants, a critical part of the tungsten supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Info
Constraining the location of the Archean--Proterozoic suture in the Great Basin based on magnetotelluric soundings

A regional profile on the Utah-Nevada State line reveals a deeply penetrating, broad electrical conductor suggesting the southwestern limit of intact Archean crust is farther north than previously reported with implications for future mineral exploration.

Info
Data base for undiscovered deposits of base and precious metals

Probabilistic estimates of the amounts of undiscovered gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in conventional types of mineral deposits in the United States.

Info
Data set of world phosphate mines, deposits, and occurrences-- Part A. Geologic Data; Part B. Location and Mineral Economic Data

Geologic and mineral resource information for 1635 deposits of phosphate worldwide

Info
Database of significant deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in the United States

It has long been recognized that the largest mineral deposits contain most of the known mineral endowment (Singer and DeYoung, 1980). Sometimes called giant or world-class deposits, these largest deposits account for a very large share of historic and cur

Info
Depositional Setting and Geochemistry of Phosphorites and Metalliferous Black Shales in the Carboniferous-Permian Lisburne Group, Northern Alaska

The purpose of this paper is to present new sedimentological, paleontological, and geochemical data that allow us to define the geographic and stratigraphic extent and depositional setting of these temporally unusual phosphorites.

Info
Descriptive models, grade-tonnage relations, and databases for the assessment of sediment-hosted copper deposits--with emphasis on deposits in the Central Africa Copperbelt, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This report describes compilation and evaluation results of data from the USGS global mineral assessment including new descriptive mineral-deposit and grade and tonnage models and spatial databases for deposits and occurrences, ore bodies and open pits.

Info
Economic filters for evaluating porphyry copper deposit resource assessments using grade-tonnage deposit models, with examples from the U.S. Geological Survey global mineral resource assessment

This paper reports on a methodology that is used with estimates of undiscovered copper resources to evaluate the likely contribution that the predicted resources will make to mineral supplies in the foreseeable future.

Info
Environmental characteristics of the abandoned Greenwood Mine area, Prince William Forest Park, Virginia; implications for mercury geochemistry

Water quality data for the area include pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, total acid soluble and dissolved major and trace element concentrations for sites around the mine workings.

Info
Environmental impact of the Contact and Sonoma mercury mines on water, sediment, and biota in Anna Belcher and Little Sulphur Creek watersheds, Sonoma County, California

Data from field sampling of tailings, waste rock, sediment, and water at the mines, along with water, sediment, and biota in a pond and tributaries that drain from the mine area, to help assess the chemical hazards due to historic mining.

Info
Environmental impact of the Helen, Research, and Chicago mercury mines on water, sediment, and biota in the Upper Dry Creek watershed, Lake County, California

Data from field sampling of tailings, waste rock, sediment, and water at the mines, along with water, sediment, and biota in a pond and tributaries that drain from the mine area, to help assess the chemical hazards due to historic mining.

Info
Evaporite-related potash resources: deposits and permissive tracts worldwide

Includes descriptions of 981 known occurrences and deposits as well as qualitative assessment of undiscovered resource potential in 84 permissive tracts.

Info
Fluorine

Fluorine compounds are essential in numerous chemical and manufacturing processes. Fluorspar is the commercial name for fluorite (isometric CaF2), which is the only fluorine mineral that is mined on a large scale.

Info
Fluorine, fluorite, and fluorspar in central Colorado

Distribution of fluorine in specific age-lithologic categories, ranging from precambrian metamorphic rocks to modern soils.

Info
Gallium

Gallium is a soft, silvery metallic element with an atomic number of 31 and the chemical symbol Ga. Gallium is used in a wide variety of products that have microelectronic components containing either gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium nitride (GaN).

Info
Gamma-ray, magnetic, and topographic data for parts of the Colorado Front Range

Five geospatial grids from the NURE surveys, showing potassium, uranium, and thorium concentration, residual magnetic field, and digital elevation.

Info
Geochemical analysis of soils and sediments, Coeur d'Alene drainage basin, Idaho: Sampling, analytical methods, and results

Chemical composition of sediments and soils are of interest because of the potential for human and wildlife health impacts from high metal contents due to over 100 years of mining activity.

Info
Geochemical and mineral maps from soils of the conterminous United States: interactive web site

Interactive web site showing geochemical and mineralogical maps along with a histogram, boxplot, and empirical cumulative distribution function plot for each element or mineral whose data are provided in DS-801

Info
Geochemical and mineralogical data for soils of the conterminous United States

Systematic geochemical and mineralogical survey of soil horizons analyzed using a consistent set of methods, sample spacing 1 per 1,600 sq km.

Info
Geochemical and petrographic data for intrusions peripheral to the Big Timber Stock, Crazy Mountains, Montana

The Paleocene Fort Union Formation hosts a compositionally diverse array of Eocene plugs, dikes, and sills arrayed around the Eocene Big Timber stock in the Crazy Mountains of south-central Montana. The geochemistry and petrography of the sills have no

Info
Geochemical and stable isotopic data on barren and mineralized drill core in the Devonian Popovich Formation, Screamer sector of the Betze-Post gold deposit, northern Carlin trend, Nevada

Detailed chemical and isotopic analysis of host and associated rocks within an area that is currently the largest producer of gold in the US. Part of a study of the hydrothermal activity leading to the formation of these gold deposits.

Info
Geochemical data for core and bottom-sediment samples collected in 2007 from Grand Lake o' the Cherokees, northeast Oklahoma

In this area of historical lead-zinc mining activity, studies such as this help to assess the possibility of human exposure to cadmium and lead through eating fish.

Info
Geochemical data from groundwater at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, Edgemont, South Dakota

Groundwater geochemistry data from samples that were collected in June 2011 to better understand the hydrogeologic system in the area surrounding the proposed mine site.

Info
Geochemical data from waters in Prospect Gulch, San Juan County, Colorado, that span pre- and post-Lark Mine remediation

Water samples near this abandoned mine were analyzed for specific conductance, pH, temperature, and dissolved oxygen with handheld field meters, and metals were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

Info
Geochemical maps of stream sediments in central Colorado, from New Mexico to Wyoming

Data portrayed in this portfolio of landscape geochemical maps serve as a geochemical baseline for the region, indicate element abundances characteristic of various lithologic terranes, and identify gross anthropogenic effects of historical mining

Info
Geochemical results from stream-water and stream-sediment samples collected in Colorado and New Mexico

Data from a study intended to explore how well the chemical analysis of water and sediment in an area reflects that of the rock from which the sediments are eroded and through which the water flows.

Info
Geochemical Results of Lysimeter Sampling at the Manning Canyon Repository in the Mercur Mining District, Utah

This report presents chemical characteristics of transient unsaturated-zone water collected by lysimeter from the Manning Canyon repository site in Utah. Data collected by U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Manageme

Info
Geochemistry of magnetite from porphyry Cu and skarn deposits in the southwestern United States

Hydrothermal orebodies and their host rocks are characterized by compositional variations in magnetite. Minor and trace element data for hydrothermal and igneous magnetite are compared with an unmineralized magnetite-series granodiorite in southwest Japan

Info
Geochemistry of sediments in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for unconsolidated sediments (stream sediments, lake sediments, etc.) collected in the US and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered in the PLUTO database, which is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

Info
Geochemistry of soils from the San Rafael Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Surficial geochemical methods used to identify subsurface mineral deposits covered by alluvium. Can a geophysical anomaly, interpreted as a buried granite pluton, be discerned from the geochemical characteristics of overlying Quaternary sediments?

Info
Geochemistry of soils in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for soils collected in the United States and analyzed by the USGS. The data were originally entered into the in-house PLUTO database. This is a subset of DDS-47.

Info
Geochemistry of soils in the US from the RASS database

Geochemical data for soils collected by USGS personnel and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered into the Rock Analysis Storage System (RASS), a database that is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

Info
Geochemistry of stream sediments in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

Info
Geochemistry of water samples in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of water samples in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

Info
Geochemistry, geochronology, mineralogy, and geology suggest sources of and controls on mineral systems in the southern Toquima Range, Nye County, Nevada

Geochemical analysis of rock samples in DBF tables from the PLUTO database. Maps are provided in PDF only.

Info
Geologic datasets for weights of evidence analysis in northeast Washington--4. Mineral industry activity in Washington, 1985-1997.

Tabular presentation of mineral activities for mining and exploration in Washington during 1985 to 1997.

Info
Geologic field notes and geochemical analyses of outcrop and drill core from Mesoproterozoic rocks and iron-oxide deposits and prospects of southeast Missouri

Field notes, locations, rock descriptions, and geochemical analyses from a 1988 to 1994 study to facilitate new research efforts in IOCG (iron-oxide deposits in context with other iron oxide-copper ± uranium) deposit types.

Info
Geologic map of metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of G.G. Semenov and others

Province contains Weka Dur, see companion report chapter B. Reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

Info
Geologic map of the Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, Badghis, Ghor, and Herat Provinces, Afghanistan, modified from the 1974 original map compilation of Y.I. Shcherbina and others

Presents one of several gold and copper deposit prospect areas in west-central Afghanistan. Reproduced topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original terminology and rock classification translated literally to modern English geologic usage.

Info
Geologic map of the Weka Dur gold deposit, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of M.P. Guguev and others

Weka Dur is the largest gold occurrence in Afghanistan. Map reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

Info
Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica

Geologic map at 1:500,000 scale, digitized from USGS I-1865. Includes mines, prospects, and occurrences, permissive tracts for several mineral deposit types, and gravity anomaly contours.

Info
Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica at 1:500,000 scale; a digital representation of maps of the U.S. Geological Survey's 1987 folio I-1865

Geologic units, structural features, geochemical sample points, and detailed information about the Tilaran gold mining area.

Info
Geology and undiscovered resource assessment of the potash-bearing Central Asia Salt Basin, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan

Known deposits, thickness of potash-bearing units, and permissive tracts with estimates of undiscovered resources.

Info
Geology, geochemistry and geophysics of sedimentary rock-hosted Au deposits in P.R. China

Includes data on mineral deposit locations and geochemical analyses

Info
Geology, geochemistry, and geophysics of the Fry Canyon uranium/copper project site, southeastern Utah - Indications of contaminant migration

Chemical analyses of water and sediment samples, images depicting resistivity.

Info
Geophysical investigation of Red Devil mine using direct-current resistivity and electromagnetic induction, Red Devil, Alaska, August 2010

This large producer of mercury operated from 1933 to 1971. As part of remediation work, this survey used electromagnetic methods to study subsurface resistivity.

Info
Geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and enivronmental data for rock samples collected in a mineralized volcanic environment, upper Animas River watershed, Colorado

Data for 90 rock samples collected from 2001 to 2007 for geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and environmental rock properties of acid neutralizing capacity and net acid production.

Info
Geospatial database for regional environmental assessment of central Colorado

Study focusing on the effects of historical mining on Forest Service lands in this area.

Info
Germanium and Indium

Germanium and indium are used in electronics devices, flat-panel display screens, light-emitting diodes, night vision devices, optical fiber, optical lens systems, and solar power arrays.

Info
Germanium: giving microelectronics an efficiency boost

Explains how and where germanium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of germanium might be found.

Info
Giant porphyry-related metal camps of the world

Database of large-tonnage, generally low-grade, hydrothermal deposits related to igneous intrusions emplaced at high crustal levels. Includes tri-partite classification based on deposit type, metal commodities, and source/host pluton chemistry.

Info
GIS-based identification of areas with mineral resource potential for six selected deposit groups, Bureau of Land Management Central Yukon Planning Area, Alaska

For each deposit group, a map indicates relative density and certainty of favorable data. Tables list datasets used in analysis, parameters queried, their contribution to mineral estimates and allow further user analysis. GIS files enable spatial query.

Info
Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Deposits, prospects, and permissive tracts for porphyry and sediment-hosted copper resources worldwide, with estimates of undiscovered copper resources.

Info
Global distribution of selected mines, deposits, and districts of critical minerals

Approximate locations and short descriptions of mines, deposits, and districts where critical minerals are found. The critical minerals are discussed in USGS Professional Paper 1802 many of these locations are described in further detail in that report.

Info
Global Mineral Resource Assessment

Regional locations and estimates of the probable amounts of undiscovered resources of copper, platinum-group elements, and potash in selected types of mineral deposits to depths of 1 to 3 kilometers below the surface of the earth worldwide.

Info
Global mineral resource assessment--porphyry copper assessment of Mexico

Includes known resources and permissive tracts with estimates of the number of undiscovered resources likely to be present in the permissive tracts.

Info
Global Mineral Resource Assessment-Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits-an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan

This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type assuming some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, provided a user-specified correlation matrix.

Info
Global stocks of selected mineral-based commodities

Amounts and global distribution of major consumer, producer, and exchange stocks of selected mineral commodities.

Info
Graphite

Steelmaking and refractory applications in metallurgy use the largest amount of produced graphite; however, emerging technology uses in large-scale fuel cell, battery, and lightweight high-strength composites promise more uses.

Info
Historical zinc smelting in New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, and Washington, D.C., with estimates of atmospheric zinc emissions and other materials

Describes zinc smelting processes used in the mid-Atlantic states, including locations and photographs of the plants, along with statistics and discussion of environmental issues.

Info
Impact of mine and natural sources of mercury on water, sediment, and biota in Harley Gulch adjacent to the Abbott-Turkey Run mine, Lake County, California

Detailed samples around these abandoned mines will help to determine how well site remediation efforts have worked to reduce the dangerous levels of mercury that come from both natural sources here as well as the abandoned mines.

Info
Indium in zinc-lead and other mineral deposits -- A reconnaissance survey of 1118 indium analyses published before 1985

Reconnaissance summary and survey of 1118 indium analyses of a diverse suite of minerals, including monomineralic and polymineralic ores and mineral concentrates, from 12 mineral-deposit types, principally zinc-lead deposits, from 16 countries.

Info
Indium: bringing liquid-crystal displays into focus

Explains how and where indium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of indium might be found.

Info
Lead isotope determinations from sulfide mineral occurrences--Russian Far East

Data represent work completed when the study ended due to lack of funding. Geologic and site information on each specific deposit or occurrence are provided. Analytical and geologic data are summarized and site descriptions for samples analyzed are listed

Info
Lead-rich sediments, Coeur d'Alene River valley, Idaho; Area, volume, tonnage, and lead content: Surface-sediment geochemical data

Tables containing locations and lead concentrations of 998 surface-sediment geochemical sample sites

Info
Linking geology and health sciences to assess childhood lead poisoning from artisanal gold mining in Nigeria

Approximately 400 young children have died and thousands more are affected. This study clarifies lead sources and exposure pathways, identifies other toxicants of concern and people at risk, and examines potential for similar lead poisoning globally.

Info
Lithium

Lithium, the lightest of all metals, is used in air treatment, batteries, ceramics, glass, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, and polymers.

Info
Lithogeochemistry of mineralized and altered rock samples from the northern Talkeetna Mountains, south-central Alaska

Chemical analysis of 201 samples of rocks thought to be altered or mineralized in an area containing numerous mines.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ahankashan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has copper and gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Aynak mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Badakhshan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Bakhud mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain industrial fluorite deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Balkhab mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Dusar-Shaida mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper and tin deposits

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Farah mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain copper, zinc, lead, silver, and gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ghazni1 mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain clay, aluminum, gold, silver, mercury, and sulfur deposits

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ghazni2 mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain gold, mercury, and sulfur deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Haji-Gak mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has iron ore deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Herat mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has barium and limestone deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kandahar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain bauxite deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Katawas mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Khanneshin mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain rare-earth element deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kharnak-Kanjar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain mercury deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kundalyan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain porphyry copper and gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kunduz mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain celestite deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Nalbandon mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain lead and zinc deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the North Bamyan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has copper deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the North Takhar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain placer gold deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Nuristan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has gem, lithium, and cesium deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Panjsher Valley mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain emerald and silver-iron deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Parwan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Parwan mineral district, which has gold and copper deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Tourmaline mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Uruzgan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin and tungsten deposits.

Info
Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Zarkashan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper and gold deposits.

Info
Low-fluorine stockwork molybdenite deposits

Descriptive mineral deposit model, with locations of known deposits of this type and a few site characteristics.

Info
Manganese

Manganese is used to make steel, where it serves as a purifying agent in iron-ore refining and as an alloy.

Info
Manganese: it turns iron into steel (and does so much more)

Explains how and where manganese resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of manganese might be found.

Info
Map of thorium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Mercury geochemistry of gold placer tailings, sediments, bedrock, and waters in the lower Clear Creek area, Shasta County, California; report of investigations, 2001-2003

Total mercury and methylmercury measured in sediments, tailings, and water in an area where historical gold mining has occurred; proposed habitat restoration work may release some of the mercury that is currently buried there.

Info
Mercury release from the Rathburn Mine, Petray Mine, and Bear Valley saline springs, Colusa County, California 2004-2006

Summary of data obtained from field sampling of mine tailings and waste rock and water and sediment in regional springs and tributaries that drain from the mine area into Bear Creek. Ground-water springs are also potential sources of mercury here.

Info
Merged aeroradiometric data for Alaska

Gridded data from aeroradiometric surveys of Alaska.

Info
Metallogenic map of zinc, lead, and barium deposits and occurrences in Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, east-central United States

A descriptive compilation of 545 zinc, lead, and barium districts, deposits, and occurrences in Paleozoic sedimentary rocks in the eastern midwest states.

Info
Mineral industry surveys: Aluminum

Monthly reports describing salient statistics and industry events pertaining to this commodity.

Info
Mineral industry surveys: Antimony

Monthly or Quarterly reports describing salient statistics and industry events pertaining to this mineral commodity.

Info
Mineral resource data for Mississippi Valley-Type and clastic-dominated sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits

Map interface and data download of Sed Zn-Pb data including KML and GIS data formats

Info
Miscellaneous geochemical data from waters in the Upper Animas River Watershed, Colorado

This report releases data for waters in which naturally occurring acid-rock drainage occurs but acid-mine drainage from historical mining continues to contribute dissolved metals further degrading preexisting water quality.

Info
National Geochemical Database: Concentrate

Geochemistry of concentrates from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

Info
National Geochemical Database: Rock

Geochemical analysis of rock samples collected and analyzed by the USGS. This dataset includes and supersedes rock data formerly released as "Geochemistry of igneous rocks in the US extracted from the PLUTO database"

Info
National Geochemical Database: Sediment

Geochemical analysis of sediment samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are of stream sediment in the continental US and Alaska.

Info
National Geochemical Database: Soil

Geochemical analysis of soil samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

Info
National geochemical survey database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US, from existing data, reanalysis of existing samples, and new sampling. Goal for sample density is one per 289 square km.

Info
National geophysical data grids; gamma-ray, gravity, magnetic, and topographic data for the conterminous United States

Gridded geophysical data in a variety of formats.

Info
National Mineral Resource Assessment 1998

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

Info
Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

Info
Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world-database and grade and tonnage models

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

Info
Niobium and Tantalum

Niobium and tantalum are found together in nature because they have similar physical and chemical properties. Niobium is used in high-strength steel alloys, while tantalum is used in electronic capacitors.

Info
Niobium and tantalum: indispensable twins

Explains how we use these chemical elements, where they come from, and characteristics of the global supply and demand for them.

Info
Occurrence and variability of mining-related lead and zinc in the Spring River flood plain and tributary flood plains, Cherokee County, Kansas, 2009--11

One hundred years of historical mining has resulted in substantial ongoing input of cadmium, lead, and zinc into the environment. This surficial-soil sampling and coring study provides information needed to support remediation efforts.

Info
Pb-concentrations and Pb-isotope ratios in soils collected along an east-west transect across the United States

Analytical results for Pb-concentrations and isotopic ratios from about 150 samples of soil A horizon and about 145 samples of soil C horizon collected along a 4000-km east-west transect across the USA.

Info
Phosphate occurrence and potential in the region of Afghanistan, including parts of China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

Info
Phosphate occurrence and potential of south Asia

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

Info
Physical, chemical, and mineralogical data from surficial deposits, groundwater levels, and water composition in the area of Franklin Lake playa and Ash Meadows, California and Nevada

Presents data and describes the methods used to determine the physical attributes, as well as the chemical and mineralogical composition of surficial deposits; groundwater levels; and water composition in this area.

Info
Podiform chromite deposits

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

Info
Podiform chromite deposits--database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of British Columbia and Yukon Territory, Canada

GIS files representing the mineral resource assessment permissive tracts, deposits and significant prospects.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin

Study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of East and Southeast Asia: Philippines, Taiwan (Republic of China), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Japan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of eastern Australia

Delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of Europe, exclusive of the Fennoscandian Shield

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of Southeast Asia and Melanesia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of the Mesozoic of East Asia--China, Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, and Russia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of the Tibetan Plateau, China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Porphyry copper assessment of western Central Asia

With extensive geological and mineral resource information here, we estimated a mean of 25 undiscovered deposits of this type in this area, with a mean estimate of 95 million metric tons of copper.

Info
Porphyry copper deposits of the world

Information on porphyry copper deposits from around the world with grade and tonnage models, a general classification based on geologic setting, mineralogy, with data allowing locations of these deposits to be plotted using GIS.

Info
Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, map, and grade and tonnage models

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Info
Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, maps, and preliminary analysis

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Info
Porphyry copper deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models, 2008

Revised and updated information about mineral deposit models for porphyry copper deposits to facilitate assessment of undiscovered resources

Info
Potash: a global overview of evaporate-related potash resources, including spatial databases of deposits, occurrences, and permissive tracts

Locations and descriptions of known occurrences, with qualitative assessment of the development potential of permissive tracts where undiscovered deposits of this type may occur.

Info
Preliminary map of aluminum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of chromite provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of cobalt occurrences in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of columbium (niobium) and tantalum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of copper provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of fluorine provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of gold provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of iron provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of lead provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of manganese provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of mercury provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of nickel provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of phosphorous provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of platinum and platinum-group metal provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of rare-earth provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of tin occurrence areas in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of titanium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of tungsten provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of vanadium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Preliminary map of zinc provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Info
Provisional zircon and monazite uranium-lead geochronology for selected rocks from Vermont

Results of zircon and monazite U-Pb geochronologic analyses of 24 rock samples collected from mapped exposures identified while conducting new, detailed (1:24,000-scale) geologic or reconnaissance geologic mapping for the new state map of Vermont.

Info
Qualitative assessment of selected areas of the world for undiscovered sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposits

For each area in which this type of deposit may occur, we provide the main characteristics of the area, classification of known deposits by subtype, and a rank indicating the potential of the area to contain undiscovered resources.

Info
Quality of water and sediment in streams affected by historical mining, and quality of mine tailings, in the Rio Grande/Río Bravo basin, Big Bend area of the United States and Mexico, August 2002

Geochemical data for stream water, sediments, and mine tailings in this area

Info
Quantitative mineral resource assessment of copper, molybdenum, gold, and silver in undiscovered porphyry copper deposits in the Andes Mountains of South America

Regional tracts of land where the geology is permissive for the occurrence of undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, with probabilistic estimates of undiscovered resources, along with tables of discovered deposits and prospects.

Info
Radiometric Survey in Western Afghanistan: A Website for Distribution of Data

Radiometric (uranium, thorium, potassium content and gamma-ray intensity) and related data were digitized from radiometric and survey route location maps of western Afghanistan previously published by others in 1976.

Info
Radon in soils of parts of Cameron, Hidalgo, and Willacy Counties, Texas

Analysis of soil samples in the Texas borderland area

Info
Reanalysis of Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment and Soil Samples from Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (ver. 3.0, October 2018)

Reanalysis, using modern methods, of nearly 60,000 NURE-HSSR archived samples collected over parts of Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.

Info
Reconnaissance soil geochemistry at the Riverton Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Site, Fremont County, Wyoming

The site, on the Wind River Indian Reservation, has Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapahoe tribes concerned about groundwater and soil contamination. This effort studies geochemical soil variation and compares concentrations with levels established by EPA

Info
Regional mapping of hydrothermally altered igneous rocks along the Urumieh-Dokhtar, Chagai, and Alborz Belts of western Asia using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical oper

Regional maps of phyllic and argillic hydrothermal alteration are presented on 10 separate plates available in either low or high resolution. A GIS package includes points features for potential porphyry copper sites also provided in tabular form.

Info
Relation of arsenic, iron, and manganese in ground water to aquifer type, bedrock lithogeochemistry, and land use in the New England coastal basins

Geochemical data for groundwater from a variety of geologic settings.

Info
Resource potential and geology of the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison (GMUG) National Forests and vicinity, Colorado

Multi-chapter report combining geologic, geochemical, geophysical, and mining activity data. Downloadable data for coal resource information only.

Info
Results from the analysis of 723 stream-sediment samples from the Stikine Geophysical Survey area within the Petersburg, Sumdum, Bradfield Canal, and Sitka quadrangles, southeastern Alaska

Small regional scale geochemical mineral exploration results from field studies in Duncan Canal, Zarembo Island, and western Etolin Island.

Info
Review of samples of sediment, tailings, and waters adjacent to the Cactus Queen gold mine, Kern County, California

Mine tailings here have high levels of arsenic. Experiments conducted on these sediments indicate that the arsenic can be released into the environment and become hazardous through chemical processes that occur when fine sediment is ingested by animals.

Info
Review of samples of tailings, soils and stream sediment adjacent to and downstream from the Ruth Mine, Inyo County, California

Detailed study of mine waste material and sediments from streams passing through it. Arsenic is the main contaminant of interest here.

Info
Review of samples of water, sediment, tailings, and biota at the Little Bonanza mercury mine, San Luis Obispo County, California

Data from field sampling of mine tailings, wasterock, sediment, water, and biota at the mine in 2010. Results permit a preliminary assessment of the mining sources of Hg and associated chemicals that could produce elevated levels of monomethylmercury.

Info
Rhenium

Rhenium is a rare metal that has an extremely high melting point and a heat-stable crystalline structure. It is used in high-temperature superalloys, to make turbine blades for jet aircraft engines and is a catalyst for petroleum refining.

Info
Rhenium occurrences in the United States

Mining districts, mines, and mineral occurrences (deposits and prospects) within the United States that are reported to contain enrichments of rhenium (Re)

Info
Rhenium: a rare metal critical in modern transportation

Explains how and where rhenium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of rhenium might be found.

Info
Rock Geochemistry and Mineralogy from Fault Zones and Polymetallic Fault Veins of the Central Front Range, Colorado

Data in this report will be used to better understand the processes that control epithermal mineral-deposit formation by attempting to relate the geochemistry of the primary structures that hosted hydrothermal fluid flow to their heat and fluid sources.

Info
Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Info
Sandstone copper assessment of the Teniz Basin, Kazakhstan

Info
Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Info
Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world: Deposit models and database

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Info
Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide.

Info
Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world: database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide. These deposits have disseminated micron-sized invisible gold in sedimentary rocks.

Info
Sediment-hosted stratabound copper assessment of the Neoproterozoic Roan Group, central African copperbelt, Katanga Basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This study area encompasses the greatest sediment-hosted copper-cobalt province in the world, containing 152 million metric tons of copper in greater than 80 deposits.

Info
Sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposit model

This report describes key features; identifies tectonic-sedimentary environments; illustrates geochemical, geophysical, and geoenvironmental characteristics; evaluates deposit formation; presents exploration and assessment guides; and lists knowledge gaps

Info
Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world

Map interface and data download of Sed Zn-Pb data including KML and GIS data formats

Info
Sediment-hosted zinc-lead deposits of the world - Database and grade and tonnage models

This report provides information on sediment-hosted zinc-lead mineral deposits based on the geologic settings that are observed on regional geologic maps.

Info
Selenium

Selenium is a trace element in Earth's crust. Modern uses for selenium include energy-efficient windows that limit heat transfer and thin-film photovoltaic cells that convert solar energy into electricity.

Info
Solid-phase data from cores at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, near Edgemont, South Dakota

Geochemical and mineralogical analysis of uranium-bearing sandstone in order to help understand mineral deposits of this type.

Info
Spatial database for a global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Permissive tracts for porphyry coppper and sediment-hosted copper worldwide, with known deposits and results of the assessment.

Info
Spring runoff water-chemistry data from the Standard Mine and Elk Creek, Gunnison County, Colorado, 2010

Periodic sampling of water during the spring of 2010 was carried out to understand the range and timing of variation in pH and metal concentration, and help evaluate variation in water quality during spring runoff.

Info
Surface-water hydrology and quality at the Pike Hill Superfund Site, Corinth, Vermont, October 2004 to December 2005

Synoptic water-quality and benthic macroinvertebrate sampling at 14 stream sites to characterize the quality of surface water in the watershed on a seasonal and spatial basis, as well as to assess the effects of wetlands on water quality.

Info
Synthesis of petrographic, geochemical, and isotopic data for the Boulder batholith, southwest Montana

Geochemical and mineralogical analyses of plutonic rock samples

Info
Tellurium

Tellurium is a rare element obtained as a byproduct of mining for other commodities whose main uses are in photovoltaic solar cells and as an additive to copper, lead, and steel alloys in various types of machinery.

Info
Tellurium: providing a bright future for solar energy

Explains how and where tellurium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of tellurium might be found.

Info
Terrestrial radioactivity and gamma-ray exposure in the United States and Canada

Flight-line databases and derived grids from aeroradiometric surveys across the US carried out during the 1970s

Info
Terrestrial radioactivity and gamma-ray exposure in the United States and Canada

Data generated by aerial sensing of radiation emanating from the earth's surface provides general estimates of the geographic distribution of Uranium, Thorium, and Potassium in surficial and bedrock units. Covers the conterminous United States, southeaste

Info
The geochemical atlas of Alaska, 2016

Georeferenced images depicting the concentration of 68 chemical elements in the near-surface materials (sediments and soils).

Info
Tin

Tin (Sn) is one of the first metals to be used by humans. Almost without exception, tin is used as an alloy. Its major uses today are for cans and containers, construction materials, transportation materials, and solder.

Info
Titanium

Titanium colors paint, paper, plastic, rubber, and wallboard. Because of its strength and corrosion resistance, titanium metal and its alloys are used in the aerospace industry as well as for welding rod coatings, biological implants, and consumer goods.

Info
Titanium--Light, strong, and white

Explains how and where titanium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of titanium might be found.

Info
U-Pb zircon age data for selected sedimentary, metasedimentary, and igneous rocks from northern and central Alaska

Contains results of age dating studies interpreted in other reports. Samples in each study shown as separate sheets within Excel files. Analyses of each zircon are listed separately on a sheet according to filtering scheme and type of instrument used.

Info
United States copper metal and scrap use and trade patterns, 1995‒2014

Explains supply and demand for US copper. Worldwide demand increased, much of that from China. Chinese demand for copper scrap from the US has decreased recently, which could lead to an oversupply and declining prices.

Info
Vanadium

Vanadium is used primarily in the production of steel alloys; as a catalyst for the chemical industry; in the making of ceramics, glasses, and pigments; and in vanadium redox-flow batteries (VRBs) for large-scale storage of electricity.

Info
Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the world

Map interface and data download of VMS data including KML and GIS data formats

Info
Water and rock geochemistry, geologic cross sections, geochemical modeling, and groundwater flow modeling for identifying the source of groundwater to Montezuma Well, a natural spring in central Arizona

This report releases data, cross section, and model information related to the identification of travel paths for groundwater supply and principal stratigraphic and structural features that serve as constraints or conduits for groundwater movement.

Info
Weathering and transport of chromium and nickel from serpentinite in the Coast Range ophiolite to the Sacramento Valley, California, USA

Investigates Cr and Ni geochemistry providing insight into the mobility and bioaccessibility of these toxic trace elements throughout northern California and perhaps the origin of elevated dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations in the western Sacramento Valley

Info
Whole rock geochemistry and grain-size analyses from sediment and rock near Tuba City Open Dump, Tuba City, Arizona

Chemical analysis of geological materials at this EPA Superfund site located on lands of the Hopi and Navajo nations, which may contain mine waste.

Info
Whole-rock and sulfide-mineral geochemical data for samples from volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the Bonnifield district, east-central Alaska

The data consist of major- and trace-element whole-rock geochemical analyses and major- and trace-element analyses of sulfide minerals determined by electron microprobe and laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques

Info
World copper smelters

Locations and characteristics of the copper smelters throughout the world as of 2002.

Info
World phosphate mines, deposits, and occurrences

Geologic and mineral resource information for 1635 deposits of phosphate worldwide

Info
Zirconium and Hafnium

Zirconium and hafnium are corrosion-resistant metals that are widely used in the chemical and nuclear industries. Most zirconium is consumed in the form of the main ore mineral zircon or as zirconium oxide or other zirconium chemicals.

Info