Aluminum

Metalloid element with symbol Al and atomic number 13 <http://periodic.lanl.gov/13.shtml>
This category is also used for Al.
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Focus areas for data acquisition for potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals in Alaska—Aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten

Geographic areas within Alaska where deposits of certain critical mineral resources might be found. With state agencies and other organizations, USGS intends to conduct studies that will help locate critical mineral resources within these areas.

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Focus areas for data acquisition for potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals in the conterminous United States, Hawaii, and Puerto Rico—Aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum-group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, titanium, and tungsten

Geographic areas within the US where deposits of certain critical mineral resources might be found. With state agencies and other organizations, USGS intends to conduct studies that will help locate critical mineral resources within these areas.

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GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals-aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten (version 2.0, August 2020)

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten. Version 2.0 of this dataset. Data are provided in CSV, Esri file geodatabase, shapefile, and Microsoft Excel formats.

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GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten

Geographic areas identified to target acquisition of geologic mapping, geophysical data, geochemistry, or detailed topographic information to aid research, mineral exploration, and evaluation of critical mineral potential.

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Preliminary map of aluminum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

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Alaska Geochemical Database Version 3.0 (AGDB3) including best value data compilations for rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and concentrate sample media

Geochemical analysis of rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and heavy mineral concentrate samples in Alaska analyzed from 1938 through 2017. Includes best-value chemical element concentrations as well as mineralogical analysis. Data are provided in Microsoft Access and CSV formats.

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Alaska Geochemical Database, v2

Geochemical analyses of rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and heavy mineral concentrate samples in Alaska analyzed from 1962 through 2009, with best-value estimates.

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Aqueous geochemical data from the analysis of stream-water samples collected in June and August 2008--Taylor Mountains 1:250,000- and Dillingham D-4 1:63,360-scale quadrangles, Alaska

Measurements on 92 samples, including pH, conductivity, water temperature, major cation and anion concentrations, and trace-element concentrations.

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Aqueous geochemical data from the analysis of stream-water samples collected in June and July 2006-Taylor Mountains 1:250,00-scale quadrangle, Alaska

Analyses of 72 water samples include pH, conductivity, water temperature, major cation and anion concentrations, trace-element concentrations, and dissolved organic-carbon concentrations.

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Argon and geochemical data for: 40Ar/39Ar geochronology and petrogenesis of the Table Mountain Shoshonites, Golden, CO

Observational data supporting Argon-Argon geochronological analysis, along with geochemical analyses of basalt samples from this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Carbonatite whole-rock and calcite geochemistry from the Bear Lodge alkaline complex, Wyoming and Mountain Pass mine, California

Whole-rock and calcite geochemical data are reported for twelve carbonatite samples collected from the Bear Lodge alkaline complex, a known occurrence of rare earth elements. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Chemical alteration index values and rare earth element data and expected ranges for regolith overlying the Stewartsville pluton, Virginia

Whole major element geochemical data used to calculate values of the chemical alteration index (CIA), data for Nd, Sm, Y, and total REE and expected ranges for total REE for samples of regolith overlying the Stewartsville pluton, Virginia. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Chemical analyses of soils and other surficial materials of the conterminous US

Geochemistry of soils and other regoliths collected and analyzed by Hans Shacklette and colleagues from 1958 until about 1976.

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Chemical analysis of archived stream-sediment samples, Alaska

Geochemical data for more than 1,500 archived stream-sediment samples and accompanying quality control samples.

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Chemical composition of ferromanganese crusts in the world ocean: a review and comprehensive database

A comprehensive database of chemical and mineralogical properties for ferromanganese crusts collected throughout the Atlantic, Pacific, and Indian Oceans from published and unpublished sources.

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Chemistry, morphology, modal mineralogy, and photomicrographs of amphiboles and other minerals in the Ironwood Iron-Formation, Gogebic Iron Range, Wisconsin, USA

Information related to amphibole and other minerals in order that commercial, regulatory, and other entities may obtain a better understanding of their impact on potential resource development. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel CSV, annotated PDF reports including microphotographs and analytical results, and JPEG formats.

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Concentrations and bioaccessibility of metals in vegetation and dust near a mining haul road, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska

Samples of surficial materials analyzed for aluminum, barium, cadmium, lead, and zinc concentrations.

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Data from the chemical analysis of archived stream-sediment samples, Alaska

Elemental concentration data for more than 1700 archived stream-sediment samples collected in Alaska.

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Data to accompany U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1099: Petrographic, geochemical and geochronologic data for Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield Mining Districts, Nevada

Geochemical, petrographic, and geochronologic data for samples, principally those of unmineralized Tertiary volcanic rocks, from the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield mining districts of west-central Nevada.

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Data to accompany U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2019-5077: Geochemical and mineralogical study of the Red Mountain porphyry copper-molybdenum deposit and vicinity, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Analyses of core and surface samples collected in and around this mineral deposit. Samples were collected and analyzed between 1980 and 2000. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Electron microprobe analyses of hydrothermal muscovite crystals from gold-bearing quartz veins of the Klamath Mountains, California, 2014 and 2019

Geochemical results of in situ electron probe microanalyses of hydrothermal muscovite associated with gold-bearing quartz veins from this area. Data are provided in CSV and shapefile formats.

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Electron microprobe analyses of sphalerite and hemimorphite from mine wastes from the Tar Creek Superfund Site, Tri-State Mining District, Oklahoma, U.S.A.

Electron microprobe analyses of sphalerite and hemimorphite from sampled historical waste piles were conducted with a specific focus on germanium (Ge). Data are provided in CSV format.

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Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017

Electron microprobe analysis of apatite for major and minor element geochemistry. Apatite is the main rare earth element host in these deposits. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Electron Probe Microanalyses of apatite, rutile, and titanite from stream sediment and rock samples in the eastern Tanacross quadrangle, eastern Alaska

Electron probe data collected for apatite, rutile, and titanite to fingerprint porphyry-style mineralization near the Taurus deposit in eastern Alaska. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Element concentrations in soils and other surficial materials of Alaska

Mean concentrations of 35 elements, ash yields, and pH have been estimated for samples of sils and other unconsolidated surficial materials from 266 collection locations throughout Alaska. These background values can be applied to studies of environmental

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Elemental concentrations for bulk and size-fractionated mine waste from the Tar Creek Superfund Site, Tri-State Mining District, Oklahoma, U.S.A.

Elemental concentrations for bulk and size-fractionated mine waste from sampled historical waste piles from this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Environmental characteristics of the abandoned Greenwood Mine area, Prince William Forest Park, Virginia; implications for mercury geochemistry

Water quality data for the area include pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, total acid soluble and dissolved major and trace element concentrations for sites around the mine workings.

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Field and Laboratory data of pipe scale forming in acid mine drainage pipelines at Iron Mountain and Leviathan Mines, California

Data from pipelines from 2012-2015, includes water chemistry of the acid mine drainage, mineralogy of pipe scale (by X-ray diffraction and chemical extractions), and laboratory experiment results. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical analyses of bauxite and associated rocks from the Arkansas bauxite region, central Arkansas

Major and trace element analytical results of samples of aluminum ore and nearby rocks in order to understand the prevalence of critical minerals there and in similar deposits. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel, CSV, and shapefile formats.

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Geochemical analyses of bauxite and associated rocks from the Arkansas bauxite region, central Arkansas

Major and trace element analytical results of samples of bauxite (aluminum ore) and associated rocks.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from mineral deposits and intrusions of the Bokan Mountain peralkaline granitic complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Major and trace element chemistry of rock samples collected in this area, where surrounding rocks host numerous mineral deposits and occurrences. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from the Dora Bay peralkaline igneous complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from surface exposures of host rock and REE-mineralized pegmatites and felsic dikes in this area to provide information on potential sources of co-product and by-product critical elements in domestic mineral deposits and to allow comparison with other REE deposits in peralkaline igneous complexes. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from the Dotson and I and L rare earth element deposits of the Bokan Mountain peralkaline igneous complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from surface exposures of host rock and REE-mineralized pegmatites and felsic dikes in this area. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical analyses of surface water, groundwater and springs surrounding Mount Emmons near Crested Butte, Colorado (ver. 2.0, September 2020)

Inorganic chemical analysis of surface- and groundwater and springs in this area to understand natural versus anthropogenic inputs from mineralized and hydrothermally altered areas. Data are provided in Esri file geodatabase, CSV, and shapefile formats.

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Geochemical and 40Ar/39Ar Analytical Data of Rocks from Glacier Bay National Park and Preserve

Major and trace element geochemical data and 40Ar/39Ar isotopic data and ages for rock samples collected during 2016 in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical and mineral maps from soils of the conterminous United States: interactive web site

Interactive web site showing geochemical and mineralogical maps along with a histogram, boxplot, and empirical cumulative distribution function plot for each element or mineral whose data are provided in DS-801

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Geochemical and mineralogical analyses of uranium ores from the Hack II and Pigeon deposits, solution-collapse breccia pipes, Grand Canyon region, Mohave and Coconino Counties, Arizona, USA

Whole-rock geochemistry, X-ray diffraction, and electron microscopy analyses of samples collected from the uranium ore bodies of two mined-out deposits in this area to understand the formation of this type of mineral deposit. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel, CSV, and PDF reports.

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Geochemical and mineralogical data for soils of the conterminous United States

Systematic geochemical and mineralogical survey of soil horizons analyzed using a consistent set of methods, sample spacing 1 per 1,600 sq km.

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Geochemical and mineralogical maps, with interpretation, for soils of the conterminous United States

Between 2007 and 2013, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a low-density (1 site per 1,600 square kilometers, 4,857 sites) geochemical and mineralogical survey of soils in the conterminous United States. The sampling protocol for the national-scale surve

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Geochemical and Modal Data for Mesoproterozoic Igneous Rocks of the St. Francois Mountains, Southeast Missouri

A compilation of new and previously published geochemical and modal analyses of Mesoproterozoic igneous rocks in this area. Includes major and trace element geochemistry and mineralogical composition as well as sample locations and characteristics. Data for 618 unaltered samples and 549 altered samples are provided as Microsoft Excel and as tab-delimited text.

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Geochemical and stable isotopic data on barren and mineralized drill core in the Devonian Popovich Formation, Screamer sector of the Betze-Post gold deposit, northern Carlin trend, Nevada

Detailed chemical and isotopic analysis of host and associated rocks within an area that is currently the largest producer of gold in the US. Part of a study of the hydrothermal activity leading to the formation of these gold deposits.

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Geochemical and X-ray diffraction analyses of drill core samples from the Canyon uranium-copper deposit, a solution-collapse breccia pipe, Grand Canyon area, Coconino County, Arizona

These samples and their geochemistry reflect the variation of base-metal sulfide and uranium oxide mineralization within ore zones of the Canyon deposit. The ore mineralogy, and thus rock chemistry, can vary over short intervals (centimeters). Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical characterization of solid media from three watersheds that transect the basal contact of the Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota

Geochemical analyses of bedrock, soil, streambed sediment, and surface-water samples were collected and analyzed in three watersheds that cross the basal part of the Duluth Complex, northeastern Minnesota to document regional water quality in areas of potential base-metal mining, Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical characterization, acid neutralization potential, and phosphate removal capacity of modern and legacy iron and steel slag from the Chicago-Gary area of Illinois and Indiana, USA

Information about iron and steel slag samples in this area, including bulk chemistry, acid-base accounting, particle size analysis, synthetic precipitation leaching protocol results, and batch and column phosphate removal experiments. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical data for alkaline igneous rock units in the Cripple Creek district, Colorado USA: 1989-2016

New major and trace element geochemical analyses of alkaline igneous rocks in this area. of historic gold mining in order to characterize the tellurium and other trace element constituents of predominantly unaltered rocks genetically associated with mineralization, to help understand the mechanism of enrichment in these deposits. 75 samples were analyzed by a variety of modern techniques and instruments.

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Geochemical data for core and bottom-sediment samples collected in 2007 from Grand Lake o' the Cherokees, northeast Oklahoma

In this area of historical lead-zinc mining activity, studies such as this help to assess the possibility of human exposure to cadmium and lead through eating fish.

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Geochemical data for stream water and stream sediment samples from the northeast part of the Tanacross quadrangle, Alaska

Geochemical analyses of samples to understand which methods best delineate known mineral deposits in this area. Data are provided in CSV and shapefile formats.

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Geochemical data for the Elk Creek alkaline complex, southeast Nebraska

Analytical data from a suite of rock and mineral samples collected from drill core within the Elk Creek alkaline complex, which hosts the Elk Creek carbonatite, a multilithologic carbonatite enriched in niobium, rare earth elements (REEs), scandium, and titanium. Data are provide in CSV format.

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Geochemical data from groundwater at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, Edgemont, South Dakota

Groundwater geochemistry data from samples that were collected in June 2011 to better understand the hydrogeologic system in the area surrounding the proposed mine site.

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Geochemical data from waters in Prospect Gulch, San Juan County, Colorado, that span pre- and post-Lark Mine remediation

Water samples near this abandoned mine were analyzed for specific conductance, pH, temperature, and dissolved oxygen with handheld field meters, and metals were analyzed using inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry.

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Geochemical data generated by projects funded by the USGS Earth Mapping Resources Initiative

Includes all geochemical data generated by each project partnership funded through Earth MRI and will be updated periodically as additional geochemical data from these projects becomes available.

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Geochemical Data Release for Idaho Primitive Area, including the contiguous Clear Creek-Upper Big Deer Creek Area, the Salmon River Breaks Primitive Area, the Sawtooth Primitive Area, and adjacent areas, central Idaho

Previously unpublished geochemical data from 1966-1984 projects to describe the geology, determine petrologic and geochemical characteristics and to evaluate the mineral resource potential of the primitive areas and of adjacent study areas. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, shapefile, and CSV formats.

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Geochemical data used in the tungsten skarn mineral resource assessment of the Great Basin region of western Nevada and eastern California

Chemical analyses for 46,955 samples collected in the Great Basin Tungsten assessment area, extracted from the USGS National Geochemical Database. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, and tab-delimited text formats.

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Geochemical Database for Iron Oxide-Copper-Cobalt-Gold-Rare Earth Element Deposits of Southeast Missouri

Geochemical analysis of samples from IOCG-REE type deposits in this area to facilitate petrologic studies, mineral resource assessments, and the definition and statistics of geochemical baseline values. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, and tab-delimited text formats.

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Geochemical Database for Iron Oxide-Copper-Cobalt-Gold-Rare Earth Element Deposits of Southeast Missouri, 2016-2017

Sample description, location, and geochemical analysis of Mesoproterozoic igneous rocks and iron oxide-apatite-rare earth element and iron oxide-copper-cobalt-gold deposits in this area. Data are provided in Microsoft Access and tab-delimited text formats.

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Geochemical maps of stream sediments in central Colorado, from New Mexico to Wyoming

Data portrayed in this portfolio of landscape geochemical maps serve as a geochemical baseline for the region, indicate element abundances characteristic of various lithologic terranes, and identify gross anthropogenic effects of historical mining

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Geochemical re-analysis of rock and sediment samples from the Lower Middle Fork of the Salmon River collected as part of the Idaho Primitive Area Studies in the 1960's through 1980's

Geochemical data from the re-analysis of 44 rock samples collected between 1966 and 1970, and 107 sediment samples collected in 1966 and 1967 for a study investigating the mineral resources of this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical reanalysis of rock and sediment samples from the Middle Fork and South Fork of the Salmon River collected in the mid-1960s through the early 1970s as part of the Idaho Primitive Area studies

Geochemical reanalysis of 23 rock and 85 sediment samples collected between 1966 and 1970 by USGS to characterize the regional impact of legacy mining in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical results from stream-water and stream-sediment samples collected in Colorado and New Mexico

Data from a study intended to explore how well the chemical analysis of water and sediment in an area reflects that of the rock from which the sediments are eroded and through which the water flows.

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Geochemical Results of Lysimeter Sampling at the Manning Canyon Repository in the Mercur Mining District, Utah

This report presents chemical characteristics of transient unsaturated-zone water collected by lysimeter from the Manning Canyon repository site in Utah. Data collected by U.S. Geological Survey and U.S. Department of the Interior, Bureau of Land Manageme

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Geochemistry and Environmental Tracer Data for Groundwater, Stream Water, and Ferricrete Samples from Handcart Gulch, Colorado

Stream water, groundwater, and ferricrete samples were collected and analyzed to constrain the location of a possible concealed mineral occurrence. Data are provided in CSV and shapefile formats.

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Geochemistry and Environmental Tracer Data for Groundwater, Stream Water, and Soil and Sediment from North Quartz Creek, Colorado

Chemical data from stream water, groundwater, and soil samples collected in 2019 and 2020 in this area. Data from a tracer study is included as tool for understanding sources and loading rates of metals affecting stream water quality in a watershed affected by legacy mining and natural sulfide-weathering. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemistry and mineralogy of soils collected in the lower Rio Grande valley, Texas

Chemical and mineralogical results of a soil study conducted in the lower Rio Grande valley, Texas. 210 samples were collected from soils formed on Holocene alluvial flood-plain and distributary channel deposits of the river valley.

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Geochemistry of ore, host rock, and mine waste pile samples of iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York, in relation to potential rare earth elements resources, 2016-2018

A geochemical database for a regional subset of IOA ore and mine waste products, created because the apatite in these mineral deposits may also host rare earth elements. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemistry of rocks and rock fabric data near the hanging wall contact to the Reef Package, Stillwater Complex, Montana, USA

Whole-rock major, minor, and trace element geochemistry of rock samples collected from diamond drill holes that intersect the textural discontinuity at the top of the Reef Package from the underground working of the Stillwater Mine. Data are provide in CSV format.

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Geochemistry of soils from the San Rafael Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Surficial geochemical methods used to identify subsurface mineral deposits covered by alluvium. Can a geophysical anomaly, interpreted as a buried granite pluton, be discerned from the geochemical characteristics of overlying Quaternary sediments?

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Geochemistry, geochronology, and isotope geochemistry data for rocks and zircons from Mountain Pass, California

Whole rock geochemical analysis and, for zircons, isotopic composition to assess the genesis of igneous rocks that host the Mountain Pass rare earth element deposit. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemistry, geochronology, and isotope geochemistry data for zircons and zircon-hosted melt and mineral inclusions in the St. Francois Mountains terrane, Missouri

Geochemical, geochronologic, and isotopic data for zircons and zircon-hosted melt and mineral inclusions in order to asses the genesis of the Pea Ridge iron oxide-apatite deposit and related centers in this terrane. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel format.

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Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica at 1:500,000 scale; a digital representation of maps of the U.S. Geological Survey's 1987 folio I-1865

Geologic units, structural features, geochemical sample points, and detailed information about the Tilaran gold mining area.

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Geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and enivronmental data for rock samples collected in a mineralized volcanic environment, upper Animas River watershed, Colorado

Data for 90 rock samples collected from 2001 to 2007 for geophysical, geochemical, mineralogical, and environmental rock properties of acid neutralizing capacity and net acid production.

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Geospatial database for regional environmental assessment of central Colorado

Study focusing on the effects of historical mining on Forest Service lands in this area.

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Global Geochemical Database for Critical Metals in Black Shales

Geochemical data for stratigraphic rock sequences containing dominantly fine-grained clastic rocks with appreciable organic carbon (above 0.5 weight percent), usually known as 'black shale facies examples' but including all fine-grained clastic rocks such as argillite, mudstone, claystone, and their low-medium grade metamorphic equivalents. Data are provide in Microsoft Access and tab-delimited text formats.

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Global Geochemical Database for Critical Minerals in Archived Mine Samples

Chemistry and geologic information for historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits in the United States and from archetypal deposits from 27 other countries. Data are provide in Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, and CSV formats.

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Global rare earth element occurrence database

Geologic occurrence of rare earths, including mineralogy, type of deposit or occurrence, host rocks and alteration, and any quantitative data related to size and grade from publicly available data. 3,934 locations are described, including some locations for which precise geographic coordinates are not available.

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Global stocks of selected mineral-based commodities

Amounts and global distribution of major consumer, producer, and exchange stocks of selected mineral commodities.

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Grain size, mineralogic, and trace-element data from field samples near Hinkley, California

Grain size distribution, photographic, and associated chemical and mineral analysis data for 36 sediment core and alluvium samples as well as SEM analysis on select grains from magnetic and heavy mineral separates collected in this area. Data are provided in CSV and JPEG formats with microprobe analyses presented as PDF reports with TIFF images.

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Isotope and chemical data for: Sulfur isotopes of host strata for Howards Pass (Yukon-Northwest Territories) Zn-Pb deposits implicate anaerobic oxidation of methane not basin stagnation

Sulfur and carbon isotope compositions, concentrations of selected elements, and concentrations of pyrite sulfur and organic carbon in mudstone samples collected from five cores drilled in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Legacy Geochemical Data from Hardcopy Records of Selected Past U.S. Geological Survey Projects

Geochemical data from selected USGS projects from the 1960s-1980s that were previously not published as digital data. Includes geochemical analyses from 36,498 samples of various types using analytical methods and instruments that were current when those studies were carried out. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, shapefile, and CSV formats.

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Lithogeochemistry and images of selected drill core samples from the Mineral Hill alkaline complex, Wyoming

Geochemical analysis, photographs and micrographs of rock samples and drill core materials from this area. Data are provided in CSV, images in JPEG format.

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Lithogeochemistry of mineralized and altered rock samples from the northern Talkeetna Mountains, south-central Alaska

Chemical analysis of 201 samples of rocks thought to be altered or mineralized in an area containing numerous mines.

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ghazni1 mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain clay, aluminum, gold, silver, mercury, and sulfur deposits

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kandahar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain bauxite deposits.

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Melt inclusion and mineral geochemical analyses supporting the evaluation of petrogenesis, degassing, and metallogenic potential of mid-Cenozoic rhyolite magmas in northern Nevada, USA

Geochemical analyses of silicate melt inclusions, host quartz phenocrysts, and biotite phenocrysts in samples of these rocks. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Mineralogical and Chemical Data for Heavy-Mineral Concentrate Samples Collected in the Taylor Mountains Quadrangle, Alaska, 2004-2008

Geochemical and mineralogical measurements of 819 samples of heavy mineral concentrates. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Miscellaneous geochemical data from waters in the Upper Animas River Watershed, Colorado

This report releases data for waters in which naturally occurring acid-rock drainage occurs but acid-mine drainage from historical mining continues to contribute dissolved metals further degrading preexisting water quality.

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Multi-element geochemical analyses of samples from the Mesoproterozoic Nonesuch Formation and Copper Harbor Conglomerate at the Copperwood copper deposit, Western Syncline, Michigan, USA

Geochemical analysis of drill core samples from this rock unit to facilitate geologic studies of sediment-hosted stratiform copper deposits. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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National Geochemical Database on Ore Deposits: Legacy data

Chemistry and geologic information for nearly 30,000 historic ore and ore-related rock samples from mineral deposits and mining districts in the United States. Data are provided in Microsoft Access and CSV formats.

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National Geochemical Database: Concentrate

Geochemistry of concentrates from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Rock

Geochemical analysis of rock samples collected and analyzed by the USGS. This dataset includes and supersedes rock data formerly released as "Geochemistry of igneous rocks in the US extracted from the PLUTO database"

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National Geochemical Database: Sediment

Geochemical analysis of sediment samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are of stream sediment in the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Soil

Geochemical analysis of soil samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National geochemical survey database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US, from existing data, reanalysis of existing samples, and new sampling. Goal for sample density is one per 289 square km.

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Physical, chemical, and mineralogical data from surficial deposits, groundwater levels, and water composition in the area of Franklin Lake playa and Ash Meadows, California and Nevada

Presents data and describes the methods used to determine the physical attributes, as well as the chemical and mineralogical composition of surficial deposits; groundwater levels; and water composition in this area.

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Pre-mining environmental baseline characterization of the Aynak copper deposit: 2019 field season

Geochemical analyses of rock, mine waste, sediment, and soil samples collected from this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Pre-mining environmental baseline characterization of the Hajigak iron deposit: 2019 field season

Geochemical analyses of rock, mine waste, sediment, soil, and water samples collected from this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

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Reanalysis of Additional Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment Samples from Idaho and Montana

Reanalysis of existing samples provides more precise and accurate geochemical data because newer methods can be used. Stable isotopes of lead were also included. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, CSV, and shapefile formats.

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Reanalysis of Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment and Soil Samples from Alaska

New analysis of existing samples from this area, to improve precision and accuracy and consistency of the measurements with those made on newly-collected samples. Data are provided in Microsoft Access, Microsoft Excel, CSV, and shapefile formats.

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Reanalysis of Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment and Soil Samples from Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (ver. 3.0, October 2018)

Reanalysis, using modern methods, of nearly 60,000 NURE-HSSR archived samples collected over parts of Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.

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Reconnaissance soil geochemistry at the Riverton Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Site, Fremont County, Wyoming

The site, on the Wind River Indian Reservation, has Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapahoe tribes concerned about groundwater and soil contamination. This effort studies geochemical soil variation and compares concentrations with levels established by EPA

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Reconnaissance study of the major and trace element content of bauxite deposits in the Arkansas bauxite region, Saline and Pulaski Counties, central Arkansas

Geochemical analysis and characteristics of bauxite deposits in this area.

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Results from the analysis of 723 stream-sediment samples from the Stikine Geophysical Survey area within the Petersburg, Sumdum, Bradfield Canal, and Sitka quadrangles, southeastern Alaska

Small regional scale geochemical mineral exploration results from field studies in Duncan Canal, Zarembo Island, and western Etolin Island.

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Review of samples of tailings, soils and stream sediment adjacent to and downstream from the Ruth Mine, Inyo County, California

Detailed study of mine waste material and sediments from streams passing through it. Arsenic is the main contaminant of interest here.

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Review of samples of water, sediment, tailings, and biota at the Little Bonanza mercury mine, San Luis Obispo County, California

Data from field sampling of mine tailings, wasterock, sediment, water, and biota at the mine in 2010. Results permit a preliminary assessment of the mining sources of Hg and associated chemicals that could produce elevated levels of monomethylmercury.

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Rock Geochemistry and Mineralogy from Fault Zones and Polymetallic Fault Veins of the Central Front Range, Colorado

Data in this report will be used to better understand the processes that control epithermal mineral-deposit formation by attempting to relate the geochemistry of the primary structures that hosted hydrothermal fluid flow to their heat and fluid sources.

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Soil mineralogy and geochemistry along a north-south transect in Alaska and the relation to source-rock terrane

Weight percent of 15 mineral groups from 331 samples, geochemical analyses of 58 major and trace-element chemical species from 502 samples taken at 175 sites, along with data from geochemical reference standards and analyses of splits.

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Solid and aqueous geochemistry for mill tailings and other ore processing materials

Geochemical analyses of solid mill tailings and other ore processing materials from worldwide localities, and leachates from those samples. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Surface-water hydrology and quality at the Pike Hill Superfund Site, Corinth, Vermont, October 2004 to December 2005

Synoptic water-quality and benthic macroinvertebrate sampling at 14 stream sites to characterize the quality of surface water in the watershed on a seasonal and spatial basis, as well as to assess the effects of wetlands on water quality.

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Table of Electron Probe Microanalyses of Cassiterite from the Sullivan Pb-Zn-Ag Deposit, British Columbia

Electron microprobe analyses of two samples of cassiterite from this mineral deposit. Data are provided in CSV format.

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The geochemical atlas of Alaska, 2016

Georeferenced images depicting the concentration of 68 chemical elements in the near-surface materials (sediments and soils).

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U-Pb Isotopic Data and Ages of Detrital Zircon Grains, Whole Rock Major and Trace-element Geochemistry, and Whole Rock Isotopic Data from Selected Rocks from the Western Alaska Range, Medfra area, and Livengood area, Alaska

U-Pb isotopic data and associated ages, whole rock major and trace-element geochemistry, and whole rock Sr, Nd, and Pb isotopic data to understand history and process of formation of these rocks. Data are provided in CSV format.

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U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022 Data Release

Statistics for over 88 nonfuel mineral commodities including items such as production, imports, exports, price, stocks, apparent consumption, and/or net import reliance for nonfuel mineral commodities. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Water and rock geochemistry, geologic cross sections, geochemical modeling, and groundwater flow modeling for identifying the source of groundwater to Montezuma Well, a natural spring in central Arizona

This report releases data, cross section, and model information related to the identification of travel paths for groundwater supply and principal stratigraphic and structural features that serve as constraints or conduits for groundwater movement.

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Whole rock geochemical data from the eastern part of the Yukon-Tanana Upland region, Alaska, USA

Whole rock chemistry on 185 samples, mostly from Au prospects, with lesser samples from porphyry Cu prospects in this area. Data are provided in CSV and shapefile formats.

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Whole rock geochemistry and grain-size analyses from sediment and rock near Tuba City Open Dump, Tuba City, Arizona

Chemical analysis of geological materials at this EPA Superfund site located on lands of the Hopi and Navajo nations, which may contain mine waste.

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Whole Rock Major and Trace Element Chemistry for Igneous and Sedimentary Rocks from the Western Alaska Range, Alaska

Whole rock major and trace element data for 399 igneous and sedimentary rock samples collected from this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Whole rock, soil, sediment, x-ray diffraction, and electron microprobe analyses of samples from the Orange Hill-Bond Creek area, Nabesna Quadrangle, Alaska

Geochemical, x-ray diffraction mineralogical, and electron probe microanalysis (EPMA) data on rocks, soils, and sediments collected near porphyry copper deposits in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Whole-rock and sulfide-mineral geochemical data for samples from volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the Bonnifield district, east-central Alaska

The data consist of major- and trace-element whole-rock geochemical analyses and major- and trace-element analyses of sulfide minerals determined by electron microprobe and laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques

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Whole-rock geochemical data for alkaline intrusive rocks in the Wet Mountains area of Custer and Fremont Counties, south-central Colorado, USA

Whole-rock major and trace element analyses of 51 samples of breccias, veins and thin dikes, and a variety of carbonatite, felsic, mafic, and ultramafic intrusions across the area to understand the mineralization of rare earth elements and thorium in this area. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Whole-rock geochemical data for the Bear Lodge alkaline complex, Wyoming: 2009 - 2013

Geochemical analysis of alkaline igneous rocks, carbonatites, and weathered and oxidized samples in and near a rare-earth element deposit. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel format.

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Whole-Rock Major-Major-Element Chemistry Data for Granitic Rocks on the Kern Plateau, Southern Sierra Nevada, California

Geochemical analysis of 74 samples for major-element oxides (SiO2, Al2O3, Fe Total, MgO, CaO, Na2O, K2O, TiO2, P2O5, and MnO) by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) conducted in the 1980s. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel, CSV, and DBF formats.

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Zircon Trace Element Data for Igneous Units Related to Mineralization in the Eastern Yukon-Tanana Upland and nearby areas, Eastern Alaska

Geochemical analyses of zircons in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Aquatic assessment of the Ely Copper Mine Superfund site, Vershire, Vermont

A wide variety of geochemical analyses show strong local impact on water quality in this area of historical copper mining.

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Data for a Comprehensive Survey of Fault Zones, Breccias, and Fractures in and Flanking the Eastern Espanola Basin, Rio Grande Rift, New Mexico

Data and analyses from 53 individual fault zones and 22 other brittle structures, such as breccia zones, joints, and veins, investigated at a total of just over 100 sites. Includes geologic maps; field observations and measurements; orientation, kinematic paleostress analyses and modeling; statistical examination of 575 fault trace lengths; mineralogy and chemistry of host and fault rocks. Data are provided in shapefile and CSV formats.

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Electron microprobe data for monazite and xenotime used in consideration of gold deposit formation models

Electron microprobe geochemical data that is used to showcase differences in phosphates when derived from magmatic-hydrothermal systems compared to metamorphic-hydrothermal systems to improve understanding of the mechanisms by which some mineral deposits were formed. Data are provide in CSV format.

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Element concentrations in surface soils of the Coconino Plateau, Grand Canyon region, Coconino County, Arizona

Geochemical analysis of 47 elements in more than 700 soil samples that appeared to be unaffected by mineralization or anthropogenic contamination.

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Geochemistry of magnetite from porphyry Cu and skarn deposits in the southwestern United States

Hydrothermal orebodies and their host rocks are characterized by compositional variations in magnetite. Minor and trace element data for hydrothermal and igneous magnetite are compared with an unmineralized magnetite-series granodiorite in southwest Japan

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Geochemistry of sediments in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for unconsolidated sediments (stream sediments, lake sediments, etc.) collected in the US and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered in the PLUTO database, which is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochemistry of soils in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for soils collected in the United States and analyzed by the USGS. The data were originally entered into the in-house PLUTO database. This is a subset of DDS-47.

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Geochemistry of stream sediments in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

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Geochemistry of water samples in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of water samples in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

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Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica

Geologic map at 1:500,000 scale, digitized from USGS I-1865. Includes mines, prospects, and occurrences, permissive tracts for several mineral deposit types, and gravity anomaly contours.

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Grass Growth in Mining Wastes with Compost and Endophyte Additions

Phytostabilization reduces the mobility of inorganic contaminants by establishing or enhancing plant growth. For small, remote, or abandoned mines, phytostabilization may reduce potential environmental hazards, provided plants can establish and grow. We grew a widespread perennial grass in mining wastes with and without soil and microbial amendments to determine whether we could improve plant establishment and growth. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Laboratory data from testing parameters of EPA Method 3060A on Soils Contaminated with Chromium Ore Processing Residue 2013-2016

Data from a detailed analysis of a formal procedure that is used to extract Cr(VI) from solids containing chromium ore processing residue, Careful modification of the procedure was intended to improve its efficiency with which it extracts this chemical species from the materials under study. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Lithogeochemistry of selected surface and drill core samples from the Chrome and Iron Mountain areas of the Stillwater Complex, Montana

Whole rock geochemical analysis of sulfide- and chromite-bearing samples in this area, with specific interest in PGE, cobalt, and gold concentrations. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Major, minor, and trace element compositions of bulk drill core samples from the Duluth Complex

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Occurrence and variability of mining-related lead and zinc in the Spring River flood plain and tributary flood plains, Cherokee County, Kansas, 2009--11

One hundred years of historical mining has resulted in substantial ongoing input of cadmium, lead, and zinc into the environment. This surficial-soil sampling and coring study provides information needed to support remediation efforts.

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Oxide and cation compositions of feldspar grains from drill core of the Duluth Complex, Minnesota

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Oxide and cation compositions of olivine grains from drill core in the Duluth Complex, Minnesota

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Oxide and cation compositions of pyroxene grains from drill core of the Duluth Complex, Minnesota

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Solid-phase data from cores at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, near Edgemont, South Dakota

Geochemical and mineralogical analysis of uranium-bearing sandstone in order to help understand mineral deposits of this type.

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Spring runoff water-chemistry data from the Standard Mine and Elk Creek, Gunnison County, Colorado, 2010

Periodic sampling of water during the spring of 2010 was carried out to understand the range and timing of variation in pH and metal concentration, and help evaluate variation in water quality during spring runoff.

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Water and sediment geochemistry data from the vicinity of Yellow Pine, Idaho

Water characteristics (measured in situ) and laboratory geochemical analysis of water and sediment in this area to quantify the increase in dissolved constituents in streams attributable to historical mining activity. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Water, Soil, Rock, and Sediment Geochemistry Data from the Vicinity of Yellow Pine, Idaho, 2015-2017

Data collected to determine geologic background concentrations of trace metals in water and stream sediment, and to quantify the increase in dissolved constituents in streams attributable to historical mining activity in this area. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Whole rock major, minor, and trace element geochemistry of the upper part of the Mount Emmons-Redwell porphyry molybdenum (Climax-type) deposit, Redwell Basin, Crested Butte, Colorado

Whole rock major, minor, and trace element geochemical data from outcrops, waste rock piles, and drill core from the upper part of this deposit, the associated base metal vein system, and the surrounding hydrothermally altered to unaltered country rock. Data are provided in CSV format.

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