Rare earth elements

A group of elements including the lanthanoids, or lanthanides, of interest because they are used in modern technological industries. Yttrium and scandium are often included in this group.
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Rare earth element mineral deposits in the United States

Summarizes importance of rare earth elements, characteristics of REE deposits, REE-bearing minerals, and the types of mineral deposits that contain these elements.

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Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

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Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

This dataset contains location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences. The data in this compilation were derived from published and non-published sources.

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Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

Location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences compiled from published and non-published sources. Geographic coordinates are provided for 577 of the 799 deposits described here.

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Rare Earth Element Occurrence Database of the Tien Shan Region, Central Asia

This inventory consists of 384 REE-RM occurrences, including 160 in Kazakhstan, 75 in Kyrgyzstan, 60 in Tajikistan, 2 in Turkmenistan, and 87 in Uzbekistan with location, mineral deposit type, geology, production, resources, and development status. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and shapefile formats.

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Rare earth element occurrences in the United States

Detailed descriptions of more than 200 mineral districts, mines, and mineral occurrences (deposits, prospects, and showings) within the United States that are reported to contain substantial enrichment of rare earth elements.

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Rare earth elements in coal and coal fly ash

Explains the occurrence of rare earth elements in coal and coal fly ash, with notes on the potential for recovery of these elements as resources.

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Chemical alteration index values and rare earth element data and expected ranges for regolith overlying the Stewartsville pluton, Virginia

Whole major element geochemical data used to calculate values of the chemical alteration index (CIA), data for Nd, Sm, Y, and total REE and expected ranges for total REE for samples of regolith overlying the Stewartsville pluton, Virginia. Data are provided in CSV format.

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First steps of integrated spatial modeling of titanium, zirconium, and rare earth element resources within the Coastal Plain sediments of the southeastern United States

This report summarizes the assembly of pertinent data, determination of its limits, analysis of its properties, and the relations among the different data types in preparation for future modeling.

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Focus areas for data acquisition for potential domestic sources of critical minerals—Rare earth elements

Explains background, data sources, and methodology used to identify focus areas for potential domestic sources of rare earth elements in non-fuel deposit types.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from the Dotson and I and L rare earth element deposits of the Bokan Mountain peralkaline igneous complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from surface exposures of host rock and REE-mineralized pegmatites and felsic dikes in this area. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical data supporting a comparison of apatite between regional magmatism and the Pea Ridge Iron Oxide-Apatite-Rare Earth Element (IOA-REE) and Boss Iron Oxide-Copper-Cobalt-Gold-REE Deposits (IOCG) deposits, southeastern Missouri, USA

High-spatial resolution geochemical analyses of Mesoproterozoic apatite crystals in igneous rocks from this area to elucidate the petrogenetic histories of the samples and help evaluate ore deposit models. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemistry of ore, host rock, and mine waste pile samples of iron oxide-apatite (IOA) deposits of the eastern Adirondack Highlands, New York, in relation to potential rare earth elements resources, 2016-2018

A geochemical database for a regional subset of IOA ore and mine waste products, created because the apatite in these mineral deposits may also host rare earth elements. Data are provided in CSV format.

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GIS and data tables for focus areas for potential domestic nonfuel sources of rare earth elements

Locations of focus areas to be used for planning and collection of geophysical, geological, and topographic (lidar) data pertaining to the study of rare earth element resources in the US.

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GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals-aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten (version 2.0, August 2020)

GIS for focus areas of potential domestic resources of 11 critical minerals: aluminum, cobalt, graphite, lithium, niobium, platinum group elements, rare earth elements, tantalum, tin, titanium, and tungsten. Version 2.0 of this dataset. Data are provided in CSV, Esri file geodatabase, shapefile, and Microsoft Excel formats.

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Global rare earth element occurrence database

Geologic occurrence of rare earths, including mineralogy, type of deposit or occurrence, host rocks and alteration, and any quantitative data related to size and grade from publicly available data. 3,934 locations are described, including some locations for which precise geographic coordinates are not available.

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Byproduct metals and rare-earth elements used in the production of light-emitting diodes—Overview of principal sources of supply and material requirements for selected markets

Investigates the expanding LED industry and it’s manufacturing complexities. The sources and supply of the select mineral commodities used and the manufacturing process and supply chain are discussed.

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Stream-sediment samples reanalyzed for major, rare earth, and trace elements from seven 1:250,000-scale quadrangles, south-central Alaska, 2007-09

New analyses of 1,075 previously collected stream sediment samples, measuring more elements with better precision. Includes arsenic, gold, palladium, and platinum and 55 major, rare earth, and trace element concentrations.

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The rare-earth elements: vital to modern technologies and lifestyles

Explains how and where rare-earth resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of rare-earths might be found.

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Khanneshin mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain rare-earth element deposits.

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The Earth Mapping Resources Initiative (Earth MRI): Mapping the Nation’s Critical Mineral Resources

A planned partnership between the USGS, the Association of American State Geologists, and other Federal, State, and private organizations to collect scientific information useful for finding and exploiting critical mineral resources in the US.

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Aeromagnetic and aeroradiometric data acquired over parts of the Trans-Pecos region of West Texas and Southern New Mexico

Magnetic anomaly and radiometric data for this area, to understand the geological structure and processes controlling the presence and distribution of alkaline igneous rocks that may be enriched in rare earth elements. Data are provided in CSV, GeoTiff, and Geosoft XYZ (flight-line) formats, packaged using the compressed 7-zip format.

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An exploration in mineral supply chain mapping using tantalum as an example

Investigates the complexity of mineral and metal supply chains in general and shows how they can be mapped. A supply chain is made up of all the manufacturers, suppliers, and information networks supplying materials and parts for production.

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Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tantalum processing plants, a critical part of the tantalum supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

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Electron microprobe geochemistry of apatite crystals in the iron oxide-apatite ores of the Adirondack Mountains, New York, 2016-2017

Electron microprobe analysis of apatite for major and minor element geochemistry. Apatite is the main rare earth element host in these deposits. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical analyses of bauxite and associated rocks from the Arkansas bauxite region, central Arkansas

Major and trace element analytical results of samples of bauxite (aluminum ore) and associated rocks.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from mineral deposits and intrusions of the Bokan Mountain peralkaline granitic complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Major and trace element chemistry of rock samples collected in this area, where surrounding rocks host numerous mineral deposits and occurrences. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel and CSV formats.

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Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected from the Dora Bay peralkaline igneous complex, Prince of Wales Island, southeastern Alaska

Geochemical analyses of rock samples collected by the U.S. Geological Survey from surface exposures of host rock and REE-mineralized pegmatites and felsic dikes in this area to provide information on potential sources of co-product and by-product critical elements in domestic mineral deposits and to allow comparison with other REE deposits in peralkaline igneous complexes. Data are provided in CSV format.

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Geochemical data for the Elk Creek alkaline complex, southeast Nebraska

Analytical data from a suite of rock and mineral samples collected from drill core within the Elk Creek alkaline complex, which hosts the Elk Creek carbonatite, a multilithologic carbonatite enriched in niobium, rare earth elements (REEs), scandium, and titanium. Data are provide in CSV format.

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Geochemistry, geochronology, and isotope geochemistry data for zircons and zircon-hosted melt and mineral inclusions in the St. Francois Mountains terrane, Missouri

Geochemical, geochronologic, and isotopic data for zircons and zircon-hosted melt and mineral inclusions in order to asses the genesis of the Pea Ridge iron oxide-apatite deposit and related centers in this terrane. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel format.

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Geologic field notes and geochemical analyses of outcrop and drill core from Mesoproterozoic rocks and iron-oxide deposits and prospects of southeast Missouri

Field notes, locations, rock descriptions, and geochemical analyses from a 1988 to 1994 study to facilitate new research efforts in IOCG (iron-oxide deposits in context with other iron oxide-copper ± uranium) deposit types.

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Mineral resource inventory of North Dakota

Summary of geology and mineral resources of the state, both current and potential. Includes data drawn from existing inventories of mines and prospects, mining related features, and abandoned mine lands.

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Reconnaissance study of the major and trace element content of bauxite deposits in the Arkansas bauxite region, Saline and Pulaski Counties, central Arkansas

Geochemical analysis and characteristics of bauxite deposits in this area.

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Rhenium occurrences in the United States

Mining districts, mines, and mineral occurrences (deposits and prospects) within the United States that are reported to contain enrichments of rhenium (Re)

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U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Commodity Summaries 2022 Data Release

Statistics for over 88 nonfuel mineral commodities including items such as production, imports, exports, price, stocks, apparent consumption, and/or net import reliance for nonfuel mineral commodities. Data are provided in CSV format.

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USMIN Mineral Deposit Database

A developing national-scale geospatial database that will be an authoritative source of information on the most important mines, mineral deposits, and mineral districts of the United States.

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Whole-rock geochemical data for the Bear Lodge alkaline complex, Wyoming: 2009 - 2013

Geochemical analysis of alkaline igneous rocks, carbonatites, and weathered and oxidized samples in and near a rare-earth element deposit. Data are provided in Microsoft Excel format.

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