Tin

Metalloid element with symbol Sn and atomic number 50 <http://periodic.lanl.gov/50.shtml>
This category is also used for Sn.
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Tin

Tin (Sn) is one of the first metals to be used by humans. Almost without exception, tin is used as an alloy. Its major uses today are for cans and containers, construction materials, transportation materials, and solder.

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In situ LA-ICPMS U–Pb dating of cassiterite without a known-age matrix-matched reference material: Examples from worldwide tin deposits spanning the Proterozoic to the Tertiary

<p id="sp0075">Cassiterite (SnO<sub>2</sub>), a main ore mineral in tin deposits, is suitable for U–Pb isotopic dating because of its relatively high U/Pb ratios and typically low common Pb. We report a LA-ICPMS analytical procedure for U–Pb dating of

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Preliminary map of tin occurrence areas in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

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U-Pb geochronology of tin deposits associated with the Cornubian Batholith of southwest England: Direct dating of cassiterite by in situ LA-ICPMS

<p id="Par1" class="Para">The Cornwall and Devon vein- and greisen-type copper and tin deposits of southwest England are spatially and genetically related to shallow-seated granitic intrusions. These late Variscan intrusions, collectively known as the Cor

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Alaska Geochemical Database, v2

Geochemical analyses of rock, sediment, soil, mineral, and heavy mineral concentrate samples in Alaska analyzed from 1962 through 2009, with best-value estimates.

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An exploration in mineral supply chain mapping using tantalum as an example

Investigates the complexity of mineral and metal supply chains in general and shows how they can be mapped. A supply chain is made up of all the manufacturers, suppliers, and information networks supplying materials and parts for production.

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Chemical analyses of soils and other surficial materials of the conterminous US

Geochemistry of soils and other regoliths collected and analyzed by Hans Shacklette and colleagues from 1958 until about 1976.

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Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tantalum processing plants, a critical part of the tantalum supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

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Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tungsten processing plants, a critical part of the tungsten supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

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Data to accompany U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1099: Petrographic, geochemical and geochronologic data for Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield Mining Districts, Nevada

Geochemical, petrographic, and geochronologic data for samples, principally those of unmineralized Tertiary volcanic rocks, from the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield mining districts of west-central Nevada.

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Element concentrations in soils and other surficial materials of Alaska

Mean concentrations of 35 elements, ash yields, and pH have been estimated for samples of sils and other unconsolidated surficial materials from 266 collection locations throughout Alaska. These background values can be applied to studies of environmental

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Element concentrations in surface soils of the Coconino Plateau, Grand Canyon region, Coconino County, Arizona

Geochemical analysis of 47 elements in more than 700 soil samples that appeared to be unaffected by mineralization or anthropogenic contamination.

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Environmental characteristics of the abandoned Greenwood Mine area, Prince William Forest Park, Virginia; implications for mercury geochemistry

Water quality data for the area include pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, total acid soluble and dissolved major and trace element concentrations for sites around the mine workings.

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Geochemical and mineral maps from soils of the conterminous United States: interactive web site

Interactive web site showing geochemical and mineralogical maps along with a histogram, boxplot, and empirical cumulative distribution function plot for each element or mineral whose data are provided in DS-801

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Geochemical and mineralogical data for soils of the conterminous United States

Systematic geochemical and mineralogical survey of soil horizons analyzed using a consistent set of methods, sample spacing 1 per 1,600 sq km.

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Geochemical and mineralogical maps, with interpretation, for soils of the conterminous United States

Between 2007 and 2013, the U.S. Geological Survey conducted a low-density (1 site per 1,600 square kilometers, 4,857 sites) geochemical and mineralogical survey of soils in the conterminous United States. The sampling protocol for the national-scale surve

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Geochemical and stable isotopic data on barren and mineralized drill core in the Devonian Popovich Formation, Screamer sector of the Betze-Post gold deposit, northern Carlin trend, Nevada

Detailed chemical and isotopic analysis of host and associated rocks within an area that is currently the largest producer of gold in the US. Part of a study of the hydrothermal activity leading to the formation of these gold deposits.

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Geochemical maps of stream sediments in central Colorado, from New Mexico to Wyoming

Data portrayed in this portfolio of landscape geochemical maps serve as a geochemical baseline for the region, indicate element abundances characteristic of various lithologic terranes, and identify gross anthropogenic effects of historical mining

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Geochemical results from stream-water and stream-sediment samples collected in Colorado and New Mexico

Data from a study intended to explore how well the chemical analysis of water and sediment in an area reflects that of the rock from which the sediments are eroded and through which the water flows.

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Geochemistry and mineralogy of soils collected in the lower Rio Grande valley, Texas

Chemical and mineralogical results of a soil study conducted in the lower Rio Grande valley, Texas. 210 samples were collected from soils formed on Holocene alluvial flood-plain and distributary channel deposits of the river valley.

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Geochemistry of sediments in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for unconsolidated sediments (stream sediments, lake sediments, etc.) collected in the US and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered in the PLUTO database, which is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochemistry of soils from the San Rafael Valley, Santa Cruz County, Arizona

Surficial geochemical methods used to identify subsurface mineral deposits covered by alluvium. Can a geophysical anomaly, interpreted as a buried granite pluton, be discerned from the geochemical characteristics of overlying Quaternary sediments?

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Geochemistry of soils in the US from the PLUTO database

Geochemical data for soils collected in the United States and analyzed by the USGS. The data were originally entered into the in-house PLUTO database. This is a subset of DDS-47.

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Geochemistry of soils in the US from the RASS database

Geochemical data for soils collected by USGS personnel and analyzed by the USGS. These data were originally entered into the Rock Analysis Storage System (RASS), a database that is now merged into the National Geochemistry Database.

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Geochemistry of stream sediments in the US from the NURE-HSSR database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US collected and analyzed under the National Uranium Resource Evaluation program.

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Geospatial database for regional environmental assessment of central Colorado

Study focusing on the effects of historical mining on Forest Service lands in this area.

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Giant porphyry-related metal camps of the world

Database of large-tonnage, generally low-grade, hydrothermal deposits related to igneous intrusions emplaced at high crustal levels. Includes tri-partite classification based on deposit type, metal commodities, and source/host pluton chemistry.

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GIS-based identification of areas with mineral resource potential for six selected deposit groups, Bureau of Land Management Central Yukon Planning Area, Alaska

For each deposit group, a map indicates relative density and certainty of favorable data. Tables list datasets used in analysis, parameters queried, their contribution to mineral estimates and allow further user analysis. GIS files enable spatial query.

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Global distribution of selected mines, deposits, and districts of critical minerals

Approximate locations and short descriptions of mines, deposits, and districts where critical minerals are found. The critical minerals are discussed in USGS Professional Paper 1802 many of these locations are described in further detail in that report.

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Lithogeochemistry of mineralized and altered rock samples from the northern Talkeetna Mountains, south-central Alaska

Chemical analysis of 201 samples of rocks thought to be altered or mineralized in an area containing numerous mines.

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Dusar-Shaida mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper and tin deposits

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Tourmaline mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin deposits.

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Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Uruzgan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin and tungsten deposits.

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National Geochemical Database: Concentrate

Geochemistry of concentrates from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Rock

Geochemical analysis of rock samples collected and analyzed by the USGS. This dataset includes and supersedes rock data formerly released as "Geochemistry of igneous rocks in the US extracted from the PLUTO database"

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National Geochemical Database: Sediment

Geochemical analysis of sediment samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are of stream sediment in the continental US and Alaska.

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National Geochemical Database: Soil

Geochemical analysis of soil samples from the National Geochemical Database. Primarily inorganic elemental concentrations, most samples are from the continental US and Alaska.

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National geochemical survey database

National-scale geochemical analysis of stream sediments and soils in the US, from existing data, reanalysis of existing samples, and new sampling. Goal for sample density is one per 289 square km.

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Occurrence and variability of mining-related lead and zinc in the Spring River flood plain and tributary flood plains, Cherokee County, Kansas, 2009--11

One hundred years of historical mining has resulted in substantial ongoing input of cadmium, lead, and zinc into the environment. This surficial-soil sampling and coring study provides information needed to support remediation efforts.

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Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

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Reanalysis of Selected Archived NURE-HSSR Sediment and Soil Samples from Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah (ver. 3.0, October 2018)

Reanalysis, using modern methods, of nearly 60,000 NURE-HSSR archived samples collected over parts of Arizona, California, Idaho, Montana, Nevada, New Mexico, and Utah.

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Reconnaissance soil geochemistry at the Riverton Uranium Mill Tailings Remedial Action Site, Fremont County, Wyoming

The site, on the Wind River Indian Reservation, has Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapahoe tribes concerned about groundwater and soil contamination. This effort studies geochemical soil variation and compares concentrations with levels established by EPA

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Results from the analysis of 723 stream-sediment samples from the Stikine Geophysical Survey area within the Petersburg, Sumdum, Bradfield Canal, and Sitka quadrangles, southeastern Alaska

Small regional scale geochemical mineral exploration results from field studies in Duncan Canal, Zarembo Island, and western Etolin Island.

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Review of samples of tailings, soils and stream sediment adjacent to and downstream from the Ruth Mine, Inyo County, California

Detailed study of mine waste material and sediments from streams passing through it. Arsenic is the main contaminant of interest here.

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Review of samples of water, sediment, tailings, and biota at the Little Bonanza mercury mine, San Luis Obispo County, California

Data from field sampling of mine tailings, wasterock, sediment, water, and biota at the mine in 2010. Results permit a preliminary assessment of the mining sources of Hg and associated chemicals that could produce elevated levels of monomethylmercury.

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Rhenium occurrences in the United States

Mining districts, mines, and mineral occurrences (deposits and prospects) within the United States that are reported to contain enrichments of rhenium (Re)

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Rock Geochemistry and Mineralogy from Fault Zones and Polymetallic Fault Veins of the Central Front Range, Colorado

Data in this report will be used to better understand the processes that control epithermal mineral-deposit formation by attempting to relate the geochemistry of the primary structures that hosted hydrothermal fluid flow to their heat and fluid sources.

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Soil mineralogy and geochemistry along a north-south transect in Alaska and the relation to source-rock terrane

Weight percent of 15 mineral groups from 331 samples, geochemical analyses of 58 major and trace-element chemical species from 502 samples taken at 175 sites, along with data from geochemical reference standards and analyses of splits.

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Synthesis of petrographic, geochemical, and isotopic data for the Boulder batholith, southwest Montana

Geochemical and mineralogical analyses of plutonic rock samples

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The geochemical atlas of Alaska, 2016

Georeferenced images depicting the concentration of 68 chemical elements in the near-surface materials (sediments and soils).

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U-Pb geochronology and tectonic implications of a Silurian ash in the Farewell Terrane, Alaska

The Farewell terrane is an exotic continental fragment in interior Alaska that during the early Paleozoic was the site of a passive margin. We report a <sup>238</sup>U/<sup>206</sup>Pb zircon age of 432.9±3.0 Ma from a Farewell terrane ash in Mt. McKinle

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Whole rock geochemistry and grain-size analyses from sediment and rock near Tuba City Open Dump, Tuba City, Arizona

Chemical analysis of geological materials at this EPA Superfund site located on lands of the Hopi and Navajo nations, which may contain mine waste.

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