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Geologic processes

All types of processes involving geological structures.
This category is also used for lithification.
Subtopics:
Earthquakes (3 items)
Erosion (3 items)
Glaciation (3 items)
Sedimentation (6 items)
Slope processes (1 items)
Related topics:


Results listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
Characterization of Geologic Structures and Host Rock Properties Relevant to the Hydrogeology of the Standard Mine in Elk Basin, Gunnison County, Colorado

Geological and borehole geophysical data and observations collected to characterize the basin and its surface and groundwater flow systems with primary focus on the physical characteristics of the fault vein, related mine workings, and surrounding bedrock

Frac sand in the United States: a geological and industry overview

Discusses the physical properties of frac sand, its geologic origin and formation contributing processes, its use in industry, consumption history and a global outlook. US / Canadian producers are detailed and potential other sources delineated in a GIS

Geologic and mineralogic controls on acid and metal-rich rock drainage in an alpine watershed, Handcard Gulch, Colorado

Mineralogical data on samples from the surface and from drill cores, with geological observations help to understand the hydrology and effects of geology on acid-rock drainage in a mineralized alpine watershed.

Geologic map of metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of G.G. Semenov and others

Province contains Weka Dur, see companion report chapter B. Reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

Geologic map of the Ahankashan-Rakhna basin, Badghis, Ghor, and Herat Provinces, Afghanistan, modified from the 1974 original map compilation of Y.I. Shcherbina and others

Presents one of several gold and copper deposit prospect areas in west-central Afghanistan. Reproduced topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original terminology and rock classification translated literally to modern English geologic usage.

Geologic map of the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

Spatial geologic map with rock type, vents, arcs, landslides, etc. provided in an ESRI geodatabase and KMZ format for Google Earth viewing. Mapsheet with accompanying descriptive pamphlet is provided as a PDF. Petrographic rock summary is also included.

Geologic map of the Cook Inlet region, Alaska, including parts of the Talkeetna, Talkeetna Mountains, Tyonek, Anchorage, Lake Clark, Kenai, Seward, Iliamna, Seldovia, Mount Katmai, and Afognak 1:250,000-scale quadrangles

The map updates a major geologic map of the Cook Inlet region published in 1976 incorporating new and additional mapping and interpretation. This map is also a revision of areas of overlap with the geologic map completed for central Alaska.

Geologic map of the Kechumstuk fault zone in the Mount Veta area, Fortymile mining district, east-central Alaska

This map depicts the fundamental geologic features for the western part of the Fortymile mining district and delineates the location of known bedrock mineral prospects and their relationship to rock types and structural features.

Precambrian basement geologic map of Montana--An interpretation of aeromagnetic anomalies

Geologic map showing the structure and history of the basement rocks of Montana. Most of the state is covered by Phanerozoic bedrock units; the underlying basement structure must be inferred from magnetic anomaly data combined with geologic observations.

Reconnaissance geologic map of the Kuskokwim Bay region, southwest Alaska

A geologic map constructed primarily from reconnaissance studies from the 1950s to 1990s. The rocks of the map area range from Proterozoic age metamorphic rocks of the Kanektok metamorphic complex to Quaternary age mafic volcanic rocks of Nunivak Island.

Surficial geologic map of the Bettles quadrangle, Alaska

The Bettles quadrangle includes part of the southern Brooks Range and uplands and valleys of interior Alaska. This map depicts the surficial geology and glacial history, and includes description of map units and a correlation of map units.

Water and rock geochemistry, geologic cross sections, geochemical modeling, and groundwater flow modeling for identifying the source of groundwater to Montezuma Well, a natural spring in central Arizona

This report releases data, cross section, and model information related to the identification of travel paths for groundwater supply and principal stratigraphic and structural features that serve as constraints or conduits for groundwater movement.

Airborne electromagnetic data and processing within Leach Lake Basin, Fort Irwin, California

Releases airborne survey data, resistivity cross-sections and depth slices derived from data inversion. Resulting resistivity models confirm geologic framework, constrain hydrostratigraphy and depth to basement, and reveal fault and fold distribution.

Alteration, slope-classified alteration, and potential lahar inundation maps of volcanoes for the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Volcano Archive

Identifies hydrothermally altered volcanic edifices and vulnerable areas downstream by mapping alteration on volcanoes, highlighting lahar prone watersheds using Global Digital Elevation Model data, and modeling via a lahar flow-fill modeling program

Assessment of undiscovered copper resources associated with the Permian Kupferschiefer, Southern Permian Basin, Europe

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Comparative mineral mapping in the Colorado Mineral Belt using AVIRIS and ASTER remote sensing data

A multidisciplinary mapping and data integration project focused on long-term resource planning by the mapping and characterization of exposed surface mineralogy, including that related to hydrothermal alteration and supergene weathering of pyritic rocks.

Comparison of ASTER- and AVIRIS-derived mineral and vegetation maps of the White Horse replacement alunite deposit and surrounding area, Marysvale volcanic field, Utah

Analysis of mineral and vegetation maps of parts of the Marysvale volcanic field in west-central Utah near the White Horse replacement alunite deposit.

Concentrations and bioaccessibility of metals in vegetation and dust near a mining haul road, Cape Krusenstern National Monument, Alaska

Samples of surficial materials analyzed for aluminum, barium, cadmium, lead, and zinc concentrations.

Digital data from the Great Sand Dunes airborne gravity gradient survey, south-central Colorado

Flight-line data and gravity grids with documentation.

Digital tabulation of stratigraphic data from oil and gas wells in the Santa Maria Basin and surrounding areas, central California coast

This report makes available a large well dataset so that subsurface stratigraphic data are available in digital form for use within a GIS and in construction of three-dimensional models to address regional stratigraphic and structural questions.

First steps of integrated spatial modeling of titanium, zirconium, and rare earth element resources within the Coastal Plain sediments of the southeastern United States

This report summarizes the assembly of pertinent data, determination of its limits, analysis of its properties, and the relations among the different data types in preparation for future modeling.

Geochemistry of magnetite from porphyry Cu and skarn deposits in the southwestern United States

Hydrothermal orebodies and their host rocks are characterized by compositional variations in magnetite. Minor and trace element data for hydrothermal and igneous magnetite are compared with an unmineralized magnetite-series granodiorite in southwest Japan

Geochronology and correlation of Tertiary volcanic and intrusive rocks in part of the southern Toquima Range, Nye County, Nevada

40Ar/39Ar dating, electron microprobe analyses and geologic mapping help clarify chronology and correlations of the numerous volcanic and intrusive units exposed in the area and interpret the petrogenesis of a few of the volcanic units.

Geochronology and geology of late Oligocene through Miocene volcanism and mineralization in the western San Juan mountains, Colorado

New age determinations with descriptions of sample locations and analytical details.

Geochronology of Cenozoic rocks in the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

Presents data for mineral deposits and unaltered and hydrothermally altered volcanic rocks. Data presented were acquired in three USGS labs by three different geochronologists. Analytical methods and data derived from each lab are presented separately.

Geodynamics map of northeast Asia

This map portrays the geodynamics of Northeast Asia at a scale of 1:5,000,000 using the concepts of plate tectonics and analysis of terranes and overlap assemblages.

Geology of the Prince William Sound and Kenai Peninsula region, Alaska

The region includes a significant part of one of the world’s largest accretionary complexes and a small part of the classic magmatic arc geology of the Alaska Peninsula. The map was compiled from existing mapping augmented by available new or revised data

GIS coverages of the Castle Mountain fault, south central Alaska

The Castle Mountain fault is a major east-northeast striking fault in southern Alaska with historic seismicity and Holocene surface faulting. This data set is a compilation of fault segments from several publications.

Global Mineral Resource Assessment

Regional locations and estimates of the probable amounts of undiscovered resources of copper, platinum-group elements, and potash in selected types of mineral deposits to depths of 1 to 3 kilometers below the surface of the earth worldwide.

Gravity survey and interpretation of Fort Irwin and vicinity, Mojave Desert, California

Provides a view of alluvial basins, shapes, areal extents, and approximate thicknesses of alluvial fill. Gravity field is separated into density variations in the basement complex and distribution of Cenozoic fill with its 3-D thickness representation.

Hydrothermal Alteration Maps of the Central and Southern Basin and Range Province of the United States Compiled From Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Data

Maps and data showing the geographic distribution of surficial minerals likely produced by hydrothermal alteration, which may indicate areas permissive of gold and copper mineral deposits.

Lead isotope determinations from sulfide mineral occurrences--Russian Far East

Data represent work completed when the study ended due to lack of funding. Geologic and site information on each specific deposit or occurrence are provided. Analytical and geologic data are summarized and site descriptions for samples analyzed are listed

Lithogeochemistry of mineralized and altered rock samples from the northern Talkeetna Mountains, south-central Alaska

Chemical analysis of 201 samples of rocks thought to be altered or mineralized in an area containing numerous mines.

Map showing extent of glaciation in the Eagle quadrangle, east-central Alaska

This map covers the Eagle 1:250,000-scale quadrangle in the northeastern part of the Yukon-Tanana Upland in Alaska. It shows the extent of five major glacial advances, former glacial lakes, and present fragmented terrace deposits related to the advances.

Map showing geology, structure, and geophysics of the central Black Hills, South Dakota

This 1:100,000-scale digital geologic map details the complex early Proterozoic granitic rocks, early Proterozoic supracrustal metamorphic rocks, and Archean crystalline basement of the Black Hills.

Maps of hydrothermal alteration in the Basin and Range province of the US

Maps and data showing the geographic distribution of surficial minerals likely produced by hydrothermal alteration, which may indicate areas permissive of gold and copper mineral deposits.

Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin

Study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of East and Southeast Asia: Philippines, Taiwan (Republic of China), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Japan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of eastern Australia

Delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Europe, exclusive of the Fennoscandian Shield

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content

Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Southeast Asia and Melanesia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Mesozoic of East Asia--China, Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, and Russia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Tibetan Plateau, China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Regional mapping of hydrothermally altered igneous rocks along the Urumieh-Dokhtar, Chagai, and Alborz Belts of western Asia using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical oper

Regional maps of phyllic and argillic hydrothermal alteration are presented on 10 separate plates available in either low or high resolution. A GIS package includes points features for potential porphyry copper sites also provided in tabular form.

Sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposit model

This report describes key features; identifies tectonic-sedimentary environments; illustrates geochemical, geophysical, and geoenvironmental characteristics; evaluates deposit formation; presents exploration and assessment guides; and lists knowledge gaps

Temporal Chemical Data for Sediment, Water, and Biological Samples from the Lava Cap Mine Superfund Site, Nevada County, California-2006-2008

This report is a compilation of water and sediment chemical data generated by the USGS study of indigenous, arsenic-sequestering microbial communities. A total of 9 synoptic sampling efforts conducted at specific sites are described.

Weathering and transport of chromium and nickel from serpentinite in the Coast Range ophiolite to the Sacramento Valley, California, USA

Investigates Cr and Ni geochemistry providing insight into the mobility and bioaccessibility of these toxic trace elements throughout northern California and perhaps the origin of elevated dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations in the western Sacramento Valley