Management methods

Techniques of judiciously controlling or directing resources for a predetermined goal.


Results listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
GIS-based identification of areas with mineral resource potential for six selected deposit groups, Bureau of Land Management Central Yukon Planning Area, Alaska

For each deposit group, a map indicates relative density and certainty of favorable data. Tables list datasets used in analysis, parameters queried, their contribution to mineral estimates and allow further user analysis. GIS files enable spatial query.

Overview with methods and procedures of the U.S. Geological Survey mineral-resource assessment of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

Describes the methods, procedures, and fundamental reference information that were used throughout the assessment.

1998 Assessment of undiscovered deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in the United States

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

A Microsoft Windows version of the MARK3 Monte-Carlo mineral resource simulator

Software for mineral resource assessments

A Review of Aeromagnetic Anomalies in the Sawatch Range, Central Colorado

The report contains digital data, primarily a layer of polygons linked to records summarizing previous interpretations of aeromagnetic anomalies. Data are presented in updated format for input to a GIS, standard graphics software, or map-plotting package.

Airborne electromagnetic data and processing within Leach Lake Basin, Fort Irwin, California

Releases airborne survey data, resistivity cross-sections and depth slices derived from data inversion. Resulting resistivity models confirm geologic framework, constrain hydrostratigraphy and depth to basement, and reveal fault and fold distribution.

Alteration, slope-classified alteration, and potential lahar inundation maps of volcanoes for the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) Volcano Archive

Identifies hydrothermally altered volcanic edifices and vulnerable areas downstream by mapping alteration on volcanoes, highlighting lahar prone watersheds using Global Digital Elevation Model data, and modeling via a lahar flow-fill modeling program

An exploration in mineral supply chain mapping using tantalum as an example

Investigates the complexity of mineral and metal supply chains in general and shows how they can be mapped. A supply chain is made up of all the manufacturers, suppliers, and information networks supplying materials and parts for production.

Assessment of undiscovered copper resources associated with the Permian Kupferschiefer, Southern Permian Basin, Europe

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Available sand and gravel resources in southern New Hampshire

Estimates thickness of sand and gravel resources available in this broad area using geology, topography, land cover, and ground-water level.

Background information to accompany the atlas of some metal and nonmetal mineral provinces in the conterminous United States

Explains how a set of mineral resource province maps were compiled, what sort of information went into them, how they should be interpreted, and why they are important.

Byproduct metals and rare-earth elements used in the production of light-emitting diodes—Overview of principal sources of supply and material requirements for selected markets

Investigates the expanding LED industry and it’s manufacturing complexities. The sources and supply of the select mineral commodities used and the manufacturing process and supply chain are discussed.

Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tantalum processing plants, a critical part of the tantalum supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tungsten processing plants, a critical part of the tungsten supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Critical Mineral Resources of the United States—An Introduction

An overview of the mineral resource classifications, terms, and definitions used in PP 1802. Includes a review of the history of the use and meaning of the term “critical” applied to minerals or materials.

Data base for undiscovered deposits of base and precious metals

Probabilistic estimates of the amounts of undiscovered gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in conventional types of mineral deposits in the United States.

Descriptive models, grade-tonnage relations, and databases for the assessment of sediment-hosted copper deposits--with emphasis on deposits in the Central Africa Copperbelt, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This report describes compilation and evaluation results of data from the USGS global mineral assessment including new descriptive mineral-deposit and grade and tonnage models and spatial databases for deposits and occurrences, ore bodies and open pits.

Distribution of Potential Hydrothermally Altered Rocks in Central Colorado Derived From Landsat Thematic Mapper Data: A Geographic Information System Data Set

As part of a mineral resource assessment, imagery data were used to help target areas where exposed rocks might be hydrothermally altered, providing an indication of the location of potentially mineralized areas that may contain mineral deposits.

Economic filters for evaluating porphyry copper deposit resource assessments using grade-tonnage deposit models, with examples from the U.S. Geological Survey global mineral resource assessment

This paper reports on a methodology that is used with estimates of undiscovered copper resources to evaluate the likely contribution that the predicted resources will make to mineral supplies in the foreseeable future.

Energy and Minerals Science at the U.S. Geological Survey

Describes resource management challenges and the providing of a scientific foundation for policy and decision making with respect to resource use, sustainability, environmental protection, and an adaptive resource management approach.

Environmental characteristics of the abandoned Greenwood Mine area, Prince William Forest Park, Virginia; implications for mercury geochemistry

Water quality data for the area include pH, dissolved oxygen, alkalinity, total acid soluble and dissolved major and trace element concentrations for sites around the mine workings.

Environmental Considerations Related to Mining of Nonfuel Minerals

A key aspect of identifying and mitigating environmental risks of mining is understanding how they vary from one deposit type to another—a concept that forms the basis for geoenvironmental mineral-deposit models.

Estimated gravel resources of the Soucook River valley, Loudon, New Hampshire, 7.5' Quadrangle using improved techniques for assessing gravel resources in glaciofluvial deposits

Images and text from a poster session (Geological Society of America Northeastern Section) showing methodology and results for an example

Evaporite-related potash resources: deposits and permissive tracts worldwide

Includes descriptions of 981 known occurrences and deposits as well as qualitative assessment of undiscovered resource potential in 84 permissive tracts.

Geologic datasets for weights of evidence analysis in northeast Washington--4. Mineral industry activity in Washington, 1985-1997.

Tabular presentation of mineral activities for mining and exploration in Washington during 1985 to 1997.

Geology and mineral resources of the North-Central Idaho Sagebrush Focal Area: Chapter C in Mineral resources of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

Geology and mineral resources of the North-Central Montana Sagebrush Focal Area: Chapter D in Mineral resources of the Sagebrush Focal Areas of Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming

Geology and mineral resources of the Sheldon-Hart Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Complex (Oregon and Nevada), the Southeastern Oregon and North-Central Nevada, and the Southern Idaho and Northern Nevada (and Utah) Sagebrush Focal Areas

Geology and mineral resources of the Southwestern and South-Central Wyoming Sagebrush Focal Area, Wyoming, and the Bear River Watershed Sagebrush Focal Area, Wyoming and Utah

Geology and nonfuel mineral deposits of Africa and the Middle East

Delineated areas of the world that are geologically permissive for the occurrence of undiscovered selected nonfuel mineral resources together with estimates of the quantity and quality of the resources

Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica

Geologic map at 1:500,000 scale, digitized from USGS I-1865. Includes mines, prospects, and occurrences, permissive tracts for several mineral deposit types, and gravity anomaly contours.

Geology and resource assessment of Costa Rica at 1:500,000 scale; a digital representation of maps of the U.S. Geological Survey's 1987 folio I-1865

Geologic units, structural features, geochemical sample points, and detailed information about the Tilaran gold mining area.

Geology and undiscovered resource assessment of the potash-bearing Central Asia Salt Basin, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan, and Afghanistan

Known deposits, thickness of potash-bearing units, and permissive tracts with estimates of undiscovered resources.

Geology of Puerto Rico

Geologic units and faults from USGS Open File Report 98-38, concerning assessment of the mineral resources of Puerto Rico

Geology, geochemistry, geophysics, mineral occurrences, and mineral resource assessment for the commonwealth of Puerto Rico

Geologic map with faults, along with additional scientific information needed for mineral resource assessment (geochemical analyses, mineral occurrences, geologic terranes, and estimated undiscovered resources)

Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Deposits, prospects, and permissive tracts for porphyry and sediment-hosted copper resources worldwide, with estimates of undiscovered copper resources.

Global Mineral Resource Assessment

Regional locations and estimates of the probable amounts of undiscovered resources of copper, platinum-group elements, and potash in selected types of mineral deposits to depths of 1 to 3 kilometers below the surface of the earth worldwide.

Global mineral resource assessment--porphyry copper assessment of Mexico

Includes known resources and permissive tracts with estimates of the number of undiscovered resources likely to be present in the permissive tracts.

Global Mineral Resource Assessment-Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits-an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan

This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type assuming some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, provided a user-specified correlation matrix.

Helicopter Electromagnetic and Magnetic Geophysical Survey Data for Portions of the North Platte River and Lodgepole Creek, Nebraska, June 2008

The objective of the survey was to improve the understanding of the relationship between surface water and groundwater systems critical to developing management programs for water resources.

Helicopter electromagnetic and magnetic geophysical survey data, Swedeburg and Sprague study areas, eastern Nebraska, May 2009

The objective of the contracted survey was to improve the understanding of the relation between surface water and groundwater systems critical to developing groundwater models used in management programs for water resources.

Integrated investigations of environmental effects of historical mining in the Basin and Boulder mining districts, Boulder River watershed, Jefferson County, Montana

Geological, geochemical, hydrologic, and biological observations combined with geographic framework data, supporting a multidisciplinary assessment of the impact of historic mining in this area.

International mineral exploration activities from 1995 through 2004

Extensive commentary but minimal location information for more than 4000 mineral exploration targets worldwide, by year.

Map of thorium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Multielement geochemical dataset of surficial materials for the northern Great Basin

Geochemical data generated during mineral and environmental assessments for the Bureau of Land Management in northern Nevada, northeastern California, southeastern Oregon, and southwestern Idaho.

National Mineral Resource Assessment 1998

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

Phosphate occurrence and potential in the region of Afghanistan, including parts of China, Iran, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

Phosphate occurrence and potential of south Asia

Locations of known phosphate occurrences in this area, with geologic units in which such deposits may occur.

Platinum-group elements in southern Africa: mineral inventory and an assessment of undiscovered mineral resources

This study summarizes the identified mineral inventory of PGE in South Africa and Zimbabwe and estimates the potential amount of undiscovered PGE resources that may be present in these countries.

Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties

Includes platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. These metals have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.

Porphyry copper assessment of British Columbia and Yukon Territory, Canada

GIS files representing the mineral resource assessment permissive tracts, deposits and significant prospects.

Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin

Study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of East and Southeast Asia: Philippines, Taiwan (Republic of China), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Japan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of eastern Australia

Delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Europe, exclusive of the Fennoscandian Shield

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content

Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Southeast Asia and Melanesia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Mesozoic of East Asia--China, Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, and Russia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Tibetan Plateau, China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of western Central Asia

With extensive geological and mineral resource information here, we estimated a mean of 25 undiscovered deposits of this type in this area, with a mean estimate of 95 million metric tons of copper.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world

Information on porphyry copper deposits from around the world with grade and tonnage models, a general classification based on geologic setting, mineralogy, with data allowing locations of these deposits to be plotted using GIS.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, map, and grade and tonnage models

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, maps, and preliminary analysis

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models, 2008

Revised and updated information about mineral deposit models for porphyry copper deposits to facilitate assessment of undiscovered resources

Potash: a global overview of evaporate-related potash resources, including spatial databases of deposits, occurrences, and permissive tracts

Locations and descriptions of known occurrences, with qualitative assessment of the development potential of permissive tracts where undiscovered deposits of this type may occur.

Potential mineral resources, Payette National Forest, Idaho; description and probabilistic estimation

Permissive tracts for a variety of types of mineral deposits, with information about deposits that have already been mined.

Preliminary map of aluminum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of chromite provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of cobalt occurrences in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of columbium (niobium) and tantalum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of copper provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of fluorine provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of gold provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of iron provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of lead provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of manganese provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of mercury provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of nickel provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of phosphorous provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of platinum and platinum-group metal provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of rare-earth provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of the uranium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of tin occurrence areas in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of titanium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of tungsten provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of vanadium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of zinc provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary non-fuel mineral resource assessment of Afghanistan 2007

Description and estimated amounts of resources with supporting data for use in GIS

Prospect- and mine-related features on USGS topographic maps

Symbols indicating mining-related features digitized from historical USGS topographic maps in the western part of the conterminous US. Includes prospect pits, mine shafts and adits, quarries, open-pit mines, tailings piles and ponds, gravel and borrow pit

Qualitative assessment of selected areas of the world for undiscovered sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposits

For each area in which this type of deposit may occur, we provide the main characteristics of the area, classification of known deposits by subtype, and a rank indicating the potential of the area to contain undiscovered resources.

Quantitative mineral resource assessment of copper, molybdenum, gold, and silver in undiscovered porphyry copper deposits in the Andes Mountains of South America

Regional tracts of land where the geology is permissive for the occurrence of undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, with probabilistic estimates of undiscovered resources, along with tables of discovered deposits and prospects.

Quick-start guide for version 3.0 of EMINERS-Economic Mineral Resource Simulator

Documentation for software intended to facilitate a 3-part mineral resource assessment.

Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

This dataset contains location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences. The data in this compilation were derived from published and non-published sources.

Rare earth element mines, deposits, and occurrences

Location, geologic and mineral economic data for world rare earth mines, deposits, and occurrences compiled from published and non-published sources. Geographic coordinates are provided for 577 of the 799 deposits described here.

Regional mapping of hydrothermally altered igneous rocks along the Urumieh-Dokhtar, Chagai, and Alborz Belts of western Asia using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical oper

Regional maps of phyllic and argillic hydrothermal alteration are presented on 10 separate plates available in either low or high resolution. A GIS package includes points features for potential porphyry copper sites also provided in tabular form.

Resource potential and geology of the Grand Mesa, Uncompahgre, and Gunnison (GMUG) National Forests and vicinity, Colorado

Multi-chapter report combining geologic, geochemical, geophysical, and mining activity data. Downloadable data for coal resource information only.

Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Sandstone copper assessment of the Teniz Basin, Kazakhstan

Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world: Deposit models and database

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Sediment-hosted stratabound copper assessment of the Neoproterozoic Roan Group, central African copperbelt, Katanga Basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This study area encompasses the greatest sediment-hosted copper-cobalt province in the world, containing 152 million metric tons of copper in greater than 80 deposits.

Sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposit model

This report describes key features; identifies tectonic-sedimentary environments; illustrates geochemical, geophysical, and geoenvironmental characteristics; evaluates deposit formation; presents exploration and assessment guides; and lists knowledge gaps

Short course introduction to quantitative mineral resource assessments

Presentation materials and notes in PDF

Spatial database for a global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Permissive tracts for porphyry coppper and sediment-hosted copper worldwide, with known deposits and results of the assessment.

U.S. Geological Survey Mineral Resources Program—Mineral resource science supporting informed decisionmaking

Explains the goals of this scientific research program and the methods by which USGS carries out this research.

U.S. mineral dependence—Statistical compilation of U.S. and world mineral production, consumption, and trade, 1990–2010

The report provides insight into the dependence of the United States on foreign supply to meet the country’s mineral needs. This overview highlights the importance of understanding what is happening at each point along the supply chain.

USGS mineral-resource assessment of Sagebrush Focal Areas in the western United States

U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) scientists have completed an assessment of the mineral-resource potential of nearly 10 million acres of Federal and adjacent lands in Idaho, Montana, Nevada, Oregon, Utah, and Wyoming. The assessment of these lands, identifie