Metallic mineral resources

Resources from which ductile, malleable, opaque,and reflective metals that are also good heat and electricity conductors can be extracted.
This category is also used for metallic ores and ore deposits (metallic).
Subtopics:
(none)


Results listed by similarity [list alphabetically]
Geologic map of metallic and nonmetallic mineral deposits, Badakhshan Province, Afghanistan, modified from the 1967 original map compilation of G.G. Semenov and others

Province contains Weka Dur, see companion report chapter B. Reproduces the topology of original Soviet maps and cross sections. Original Russian terminology and rock classification translated into modern English geologic usage as literally as possible.

The sedimentary carbonate-hosted giant Bayan Obo REE-Fe-Nb ore deposit of inner Mongolia, China: A cornerstone example for giant polymetallic ore deposits of hydrothermal origin

Detailed geological and geochemical studies of this large deposit provided evidence for the origin and characteristics favorable for its formation and parameters necessary for defining giant polymetallic deposits of hydrothermal origin.

An index to PGE-Ni-Cr deposits and occurrences in selected mineral-occurrence databases (original report)

A compendium of references to previously published databases and database records that describe PGE, nickel, and chromium deposits and occurrences. These data show where to obtain more detailed information about each deposit or occurrence.

An index to PGE-Ni-Cr deposits and occurrences in selected mineral-occurrence databases (web-accessible database)

A compendium of references to previously published databases and database records that describe PGE, nickel, and chromium deposits and occurrences. These data show where to obtain more detailed information about each deposit or occurrence.

Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE

Data on 60 of the 527 known carbonatites in the world, providing reliable quantitative data on ore tonnages and grades of niobium and REE.

Carbonatites of the world, explored deposits of Nb and REE; database and grade and tonnage models

Data on 60 of the 527 known carbonatites in the world, providing reliable quantitative data on ore tonnages and grades of niobium and REE.

Geochemical and stable isotopic data on barren and mineralized drill core in the Devonian Popovich Formation, Screamer sector of the Betze-Post gold deposit, northern Carlin trend, Nevada

Detailed chemical and isotopic analysis of host and associated rocks within an area that is currently the largest producer of gold in the US. Part of a study of the hydrothermal activity leading to the formation of these gold deposits.

Geology and nonfuel mineral deposits of Asia and the Pacific

Report on known and undiscovered nonfuel mineral deposits and resources of the Asia and Pacific region. Includes the age and type of rocks that contain the deposits, and regional exploration history.

Geophysical and geochemical data from the area of the Pebble Cu-Au-Mo porphyry deposit, southwestern Alaska: Contributions to assessment techniques for concealed mineral resources

Uninterpreted geophysical measurements and geochemical and mineralogical analytical data from samples collected during the summer field seasons from 2007 to 2010. Data are available in a single Geographic Information System (GIS) database.

Global Mineral Resource Assessment-Aggregation of estimated numbers of undiscovered deposits-an R-script with an example from the Chu Sarysu Basin, Kazakhtan

This report provides a script developed in open-source statistical software, R, that aggregates undiscovered deposit estimates of a given type assuming some degree of correlation among aggregated areas, provided a user-specified correlation matrix.

Platinum-group elements in southern Africa: mineral inventory and an assessment of undiscovered mineral resources

This study summarizes the identified mineral inventory of PGE in South Africa and Zimbabwe and estimates the potential amount of undiscovered PGE resources that may be present in these countries.

Quantitative mineral resource assessment of copper, molybdenum, gold, and silver in undiscovered porphyry copper deposits in the Andes Mountains of South America

Regional tracts of land where the geology is permissive for the occurrence of undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, with probabilistic estimates of undiscovered resources, along with tables of discovered deposits and prospects.

Reviews of the geology and nonfuel mineral deposits of the world

These regional reports are designed to inform the non-earth scientist about the regional locations and general geologic setting of known deposits of major nonfuel mineral commodities.

Solid-phase data from cores at the proposed Dewey Burdock uranium in-situ recovery mine, near Edgemont, South Dakota

Geochemical and mineralogical analysis of uranium-bearing sandstone in order to help understand mineral deposits of this type.

Stratabound copper-silver deposits of the Mesoproterozoic Revett Formation, Montana and Idaho with a section on databases and spatial-data files for the geology and mineral deposits of the Revett Formation

Includes deposits, occurrences, and prospects; drill core logs and measured sections; and spatial databases for geologic maps, untested exploration areas, and permissive tracts for undiscovered mineral deposits.

Whole-rock and sulfide-mineral geochemical data for samples from volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the Bonnifield district, east-central Alaska

The data consist of major- and trace-element whole-rock geochemical analyses and major- and trace-element analyses of sulfide minerals determined by electron microprobe and laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques

1998 Assessment of undiscovered deposits of gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in the United States

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

A compilation of spatial digital databases for selected U.S. Geological Survey nonfuel mineral resource assessments for parts of Idaho and Montana

An exploration in mineral supply chain mapping using tantalum as an example

Investigates the complexity of mineral and metal supply chains in general and shows how they can be mapped. A supply chain is made up of all the manufacturers, suppliers, and information networks supplying materials and parts for production.

Assessment of undiscovered copper resources associated with the Permian Kupferschiefer, Southern Permian Basin, Europe

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Chromite deposits in central part of the Stillwater Complex, Sweet Grass County, Montana: A digital database for the geologic map of the east slope of Iron Mountain

Geologic map digitized from a paper copy of plate 10 from USGS Bulletin 1015-D (Howland, 1955)

Comparative geology and geochemistry of sedimentary- rock-hosted (Carlin-type) gold deposits in the People's Republic of China and in Nevada, USA (Revised version)

This small database provides information about sedimentary- rock-hosted (Carlin-type) gold deposits in China.

Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tantalum processing plants, a critical part of the tantalum supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Conflict minerals from the Democratic Republic of the Congo: global tungsten processing plants, a critical part of the tungsten supply chain

Sources are discussed to identify risks to the United States associated with critical supply of this strategic mineral / metal and to provide supply chain transparency to policymakers. Focus is on the post-mining, pre-consumer-product part of the chain.

Data base for undiscovered deposits of base and precious metals

Probabilistic estimates of the amounts of undiscovered gold, silver, copper, lead, and zinc in conventional types of mineral deposits in the United States.

Descriptive and grade-tonnage models and database for iron oxide Cu-Au deposits

Geological characteristics and resource estimates for 36 known deposits of this type worldwide.

Descriptive models, grade-tonnage relations, and databases for the assessment of sediment-hosted copper deposits--with emphasis on deposits in the Central Africa Copperbelt, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This report describes compilation and evaluation results of data from the USGS global mineral assessment including new descriptive mineral-deposit and grade and tonnage models and spatial databases for deposits and occurrences, ore bodies and open pits.

Economic filters for evaluating porphyry copper deposit resource assessments using grade-tonnage deposit models, with examples from the U.S. Geological Survey global mineral resource assessment

This paper reports on a methodology that is used with estimates of undiscovered copper resources to evaluate the likely contribution that the predicted resources will make to mineral supplies in the foreseeable future.

Geochemical and mineralogic characterization of solids and their effects on waters in metal-mining environments, in Seal, R.R., II, and Foley, N.K., eds., Progress on geoenvironmental models for selected mineral deposit types

Geochemical and Sulfur-Isotopic Signatures of Volcanogenic Massive Sulfide Deposits on Prince of Wales Island and Vicinity, Southeastern Alaska

Geology, geochemistry and geophysics of sedimentary rock-hosted Au deposits in P.R. China

Includes data on mineral deposit locations and geochemical analyses

GIS-based identification of areas with mineral resource potential for six selected deposit groups, Bureau of Land Management Central Yukon Planning Area, Alaska

For each deposit group, a map indicates relative density and certainty of favorable data. Tables list datasets used in analysis, parameters queried, their contribution to mineral estimates and allow further user analysis. GIS files enable spatial query.

Global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Deposits, prospects, and permissive tracts for porphyry and sediment-hosted copper resources worldwide, with estimates of undiscovered copper resources.

Global Mineral Resource Assessment

Regional locations and estimates of the probable amounts of undiscovered resources of copper, platinum-group elements, and potash in selected types of mineral deposits to depths of 1 to 3 kilometers below the surface of the earth worldwide.

Global mineral resource assessment--porphyry copper assessment of Mexico

Includes known resources and permissive tracts with estimates of the number of undiscovered resources likely to be present in the permissive tracts.

Lead isotope determinations from sulfide mineral occurrences--Russian Far East

Data represent work completed when the study ended due to lack of funding. Geologic and site information on each specific deposit or occurrence are provided. Analytical and geologic data are summarized and site descriptions for samples analyzed are listed

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ahankashan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has copper and gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Aynak mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Badakhshan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Baghlan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain clay, gypsum, and coal deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Balkhab mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Dusar-Shaida mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper and tin deposits

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Farah mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain copper, zinc, lead, silver, and gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ghazni1 mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain clay, aluminum, gold, silver, mercury, and sulfur deposits

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Ghazni2 mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area expected to contain gold, mercury, and sulfur deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Haji-Gak mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has iron ore deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Katawas mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Khanneshin mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain rare-earth element deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kharnak-Kanjar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain mercury deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Kundalyan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain porphyry copper and gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Nalbandon mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain lead and zinc deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the North Bamyan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has copper deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the North Takhar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain placer gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Nuristan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Haji-Gak mineral district, which has gem, lithium, and cesium deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Panjsher Valley mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain emerald and silver-iron deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Parwan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for the Parwan mineral district, which has gold and copper deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the South Helmand mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain industrial travertine deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Takhar mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain industrial evaporite deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Tourmaline mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Uruzgan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain tin and tungsten deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, 2.5-meter resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of the Zarkashan mineral district in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for this area known to contain copper and gold deposits.

Local-area-enhanced, high-resolution natural-color and color-infrared satellite-image mosaics of mineral districts in Afghanistan

GeoTIFF rendition of locally enhanced ALOS image mosaics for several areas known to contain mineral deposits.

Manganese: it turns iron into steel (and does so much more)

Explains how and where manganese resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of manganese might be found.

Mineral industry surveys: Aluminum

Monthly reports describing salient statistics and industry events pertaining to this commodity.

Mineral industry surveys: Antimony

Monthly or Quarterly reports describing salient statistics and industry events pertaining to this mineral commodity.

National Mineral Resource Assessment 1998

Estimates of the tonnages and amounts of contained metal in undiscovered deposits, mineral deposit types.

Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

Ni-Co laterite deposits of the world-database and grade and tonnage models

Location, type, mineralogy, name, tonnage and grade, and geological setting for 120 deposits of this type. The US has no active nickel mines or nickel reserves.

Podiform chromite deposits

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

Podiform chromite deposits--database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 1,124 individual mineral deposits of this type, with grade and tonnage models for chromium as well as several related elements.

Porphyry copper assessment of East and Southeast Asia: Philippines, Taiwan (Republic of China), Republic of Korea (South Korea), and Japan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Mesozoic of East Asia--China, Vietnam, North Korea, Mongolia, and Russia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world

Information on porphyry copper deposits from around the world with grade and tonnage models, a general classification based on geologic setting, mineralogy, with data allowing locations of these deposits to be plotted using GIS.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, map, and grade and tonnage models

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world: database, maps, and preliminary analysis

A compilation of worldwide mineral deposits of this type. This older version was revised and updated in OFR-2008-1155.

Porphyry copper deposits of the world; database and grade and tonnage models, 2008

Revised and updated information about mineral deposit models for porphyry copper deposits to facilitate assessment of undiscovered resources

Qualitative assessment of selected areas of the world for undiscovered sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposits

For each area in which this type of deposit may occur, we provide the main characteristics of the area, classification of known deposits by subtype, and a rank indicating the potential of the area to contain undiscovered resources.

Rare earth element mineralogy, geochemistry, and preliminary resource assessment of the Khanneshin carbonatite complex, Helmand Province, Afghanistan

Geological setting, characteristics of the deposit itself, and detailed geochemical analyses of rocks in and around the deposit.

Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Sediment-hosted copper deposits of the world: Deposit models and database

Characteristics of 785 deposits, including grade, tonnage, rocks, mineralogy, and references

Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide.

Sediment-hosted gold deposits of the world: database and grade and tonnage models

Location and characteristics of 123 sediment-hosted gold deposits worldwide. These deposits have disseminated micron-sized invisible gold in sedimentary rocks.

Spatial database for a global assessment of undiscovered copper resources

Permissive tracts for porphyry coppper and sediment-hosted copper worldwide, with known deposits and results of the assessment.

A preliminary deposit model for lithium brines

This report is part of an effort by the U.S. Geological Survey to update existing mineral deposit models and to develop new ones. The global transition away from hydrocarbons toward energy alternatives increases demand for many scarce metals. Among these

Antimony

Antimony’s leading use is as a fire retardant in safety equipment and in household goods such as mattresses. The U.S. Government has considered antimony to be a critical mineral mainly because of its use in military applications.

Antimony: a flame fighter

Explains how and where antimony resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of antimony might be found.

Basement domain map of the conterminous United States and Alaska

Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain.

Basement domain map of the conterminous US and Alaska

Seventy-seven major components of the North American continent were delineated at a general scale (1:5,000,000); including the general composition, geological environment, and types of primary metals endowments that can be expected in each domain.

Beryllium

Beryllium is a mineral commodity that is used in a variety of industries to make products that are essential for the smooth functioning of a modern society.

Byproduct metals and rare-earth elements used in the production of light-emitting diodes—Overview of principal sources of supply and material requirements for selected markets

Investigates the expanding LED industry and it’s manufacturing complexities. The sources and supply of the select mineral commodities used and the manufacturing process and supply chain are discussed.

Cobalt

Cobalt is a silvery gray metal that has diverse uses due to its ferromagnetism, hardness and wear-resistance when alloyed with other metals, low thermal and electrical conductivity, high melting point, multiple valences, and color effects with silica.

Gallium

Gallium is a soft, silvery metallic element with an atomic number of 31 and the chemical symbol Ga. Gallium is used in a wide variety of products that have microelectronic components containing either gallium arsenide (GaAs) or gallium nitride (GaN).

Geochemical data for samples collected in 2007 near the concealed Pebble porphyry Cu-Au-Mo deposit, southwest Alaska

Analytical results for geochemical samples collected in 2007 from the Pebble deposit and surrounding environs

Geochemical data for stream-sediment, surface-water, rock, and vegetation samples from Red Mountain (Dry Creek), an unmined volcanogenic massive sulfide deposit in the Bonnifield district, Alaska Range, east-central Alaska

Geochemical data for stream sediment, surface-water, rock, precipitate, and vegetation samples from Red Mountain

Geology, geochemistry, and genesis of the Greens Creek massive sulfide deposit, Admiralty Island, southeastern Alaska

This metal ore deposit formed over a period of time in which its tectonic setting was changing, consequently it shows a range of characteristics typical of several different types of deposits. Rock geochemistry data are provided in tabular form.

Germanium and Indium

Germanium and indium are used in electronics devices, flat-panel display screens, light-emitting diodes, night vision devices, optical fiber, optical lens systems, and solar power arrays.

Germanium: giving microelectronics an efficiency boost

Explains how and where germanium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of germanium might be found.

Giant porphyry-related metal camps of the world

Database of large-tonnage, generally low-grade, hydrothermal deposits related to igneous intrusions emplaced at high crustal levels. Includes tri-partite classification based on deposit type, metal commodities, and source/host pluton chemistry.

Indium: bringing liquid-crystal displays into focus

Explains how and where indium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of indium might be found.

Lithium

Lithium, the lightest of all metals, is used in air treatment, batteries, ceramics, glass, metallurgy, pharmaceuticals, and polymers.

Manganese

Manganese is used to make steel, where it serves as a purifying agent in iron-ore refining and as an alloy.

Map of thorium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Niobium and Tantalum

Niobium and tantalum are found together in nature because they have similar physical and chemical properties. Niobium is used in high-strength steel alloys, while tantalum is used in electronic capacitors.

Niobium and tantalum: indispensable twins

Explains how we use these chemical elements, where they come from, and characteristics of the global supply and demand for them.

Photographs of historical mining operations in Colorado and Utah

A collection of photographs of mine sites, mining operations, and tailings taken prior to 1980 at a variety of sites throughout Colorado and Utah.

Platinum-Group Elements

The platinum-group elements (PGEs)—platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium—are metals that have similar physical and chemical properties and tend to occur together in nature. PGEs are indispensable to many industrial applications.

Platinum-group elements: so many excellent properties

Includes platinum, palladium, rhodium, ruthenium, iridium, and osmium. These metals have similar physical and chemical properties and occur together in nature.

Porphyry copper assessment of British Columbia and Yukon Territory, Canada

GIS files representing the mineral resource assessment permissive tracts, deposits and significant prospects.

Porphyry copper assessment of Central America and the Caribbean Basin

Study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of eastern Australia

Delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Europe, exclusive of the Fennoscandian Shield

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content

Porphyry copper assessment of northeast Asia: Far East Russia and northeasternmost China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of Southeast Asia and Melanesia

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Porphyry copper assessment of the Tibetan Plateau, China

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered porphyry copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Preliminary map of chromite provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of cobalt occurrences in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of columbium (niobium) and tantalum provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of copper provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of gold provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of iron provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of lead provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of manganese provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of mercury provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of nickel provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of platinum and platinum-group metal provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of the uranium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of tin occurrence areas in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of titanium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of tungsten provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of vanadium provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Preliminary map of zinc provinces in the conterminous United States

Scanned image of map drawn at 1:5,000,000 scale, projection probably Lambert Conformal Conic, monochrome.

Rare-Earth Elements

Because of their unusual physical and chemical properties, the REEs have diverse defense, energy, industrial, and military technology applications including glass, petroleum refining, automobiles, and magnets.

Regional mapping of hydrothermally altered igneous rocks along the Urumieh-Dokhtar, Chagai, and Alborz Belts of western Asia using Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) data and Interactive Data Language (IDL) logical oper

Regional maps of phyllic and argillic hydrothermal alteration are presented on 10 separate plates available in either low or high resolution. A GIS package includes points features for potential porphyry copper sites also provided in tabular form.

Rhenium

Rhenium is a rare metal that has an extremely high melting point and a heat-stable crystalline structure. It is used in high-temperature superalloys, to make turbine blades for jet aircraft engines and is a catalyst for petroleum refining.

Rhenium: a rare metal critical in modern transportation

Explains how and where rhenium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of rhenium might be found.

Sandstone copper assessment of the Chu-Sarysu Basin, Central Kazakhstan

This study delineated permissive areas for undiscovered sandstone copper deposits, compiled a database of known deposits and significant prospects, estimated undiscovered deposits within those areas and made probabilistic estimates of their metal content.

Sandstone copper assessment of the Teniz Basin, Kazakhstan

Sediment-hosted stratabound copper assessment of the Neoproterozoic Roan Group, central African copperbelt, Katanga Basin, Democratic Republic of the Congo and Zambia

This study area encompasses the greatest sediment-hosted copper-cobalt province in the world, containing 152 million metric tons of copper in greater than 80 deposits.

Sediment-hosted stratabound copper deposit model

This report describes key features; identifies tectonic-sedimentary environments; illustrates geochemical, geophysical, and geoenvironmental characteristics; evaluates deposit formation; presents exploration and assessment guides; and lists knowledge gaps

Selenium

Selenium is a trace element in Earth's crust. Modern uses for selenium include energy-efficient windows that limit heat transfer and thin-film photovoltaic cells that convert solar energy into electricity.

Tellurium

Tellurium is a rare element obtained as a byproduct of mining for other commodities whose main uses are in photovoltaic solar cells and as an additive to copper, lead, and steel alloys in various types of machinery.

Tellurium: providing a bright future for solar energy

Explains how and where tellurium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of tellurium might be found.

The rare-earth elements: vital to modern technologies and lifestyles

Explains how and where rare-earth resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of rare-earths might be found.

Tin

Tin (Sn) is one of the first metals to be used by humans. Almost without exception, tin is used as an alloy. Its major uses today are for cans and containers, construction materials, transportation materials, and solder.

Titanium

Titanium colors paint, paper, plastic, rubber, and wallboard. Because of its strength and corrosion resistance, titanium metal and its alloys are used in the aerospace industry as well as for welding rod coatings, biological implants, and consumer goods.

Titanium--Light, strong, and white

Explains how and where titanium resources form and concentrate and how they are used and interact with the environment to affect human and ecosystem health. Discusses supply and demand trends and where undiscovered sources of titanium might be found.

United States copper metal and scrap use and trade patterns, 1995‒2014

Explains supply and demand for US copper. Worldwide demand increased, much of that from China. Chinese demand for copper scrap from the US has decreased recently, which could lead to an oversupply and declining prices.

Vanadium

Vanadium is used primarily in the production of steel alloys; as a catalyst for the chemical industry; in the making of ceramics, glasses, and pigments; and in vanadium redox-flow batteries (VRBs) for large-scale storage of electricity.

World copper smelters

Locations and characteristics of the copper smelters throughout the world as of 2002.

Zirconium and Hafnium

Zirconium and hafnium are corrosion-resistant metals that are widely used in the chemical and nuclear industries. Most zirconium is consumed in the form of the main ore mineral zircon or as zirconium oxide or other zirconium chemicals.