Laboratory methods using instruments that employ optical lenses or radiation to study objects too small to be seen by the naked eye.
This category is also used for microscope methods.
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Examination of Libby, Montana, Fill Material for Background Levels of Amphibole from the Rainy Creek Complex Using Scanning Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Microanalysis

Sample locations and descriptions, with compositional analysis to constrain the natural background levels of fibrous amphiboles potentially derived from the nearby Rainy Creek Complex.

Acid-rock drainage at Skytop, Centre County, Pennsylvania, 2004

Calcrete uranium deposits in the Southern High Plains, USA

The Southern High Plains (SHP) is a new and emerging U.S. uranium province. Here, uranyl vanadates form deposits in Pliocene to Pleistocene sandstone, dolomite, and limestone

Characterization of mine waste at the Elizabeth copper mine, Orange County, Vermont

Preliminary information about the concentration, spatial distribution and mineral hosting of metals and other elements in solid materials at the Elizabeth copper mine after 50 years (or more) of weathering and oxidation.

Generalized thermal maturity map of Alaska

Data derived from the 1996 "Generalized Thermal Maturity Map of Alaska" compiled by M.J. Johnsson and D.G. Howell, published in USGS Bulletin 2142. Combines vitrinite reflectance and conodont alteration index in generalized units.

Grain size, mineralogic, and trace-element data from field samples near Hinkley, California

Grain size distribution, photographic, and associated chemical and mineral analysis data for 36 sediment core and alluvium samples as well as SEM analysis on select grains from magnetic and heavy mineral separates collected in this area. Data are provided in CSV and JPEG formats with microprobe analyses presented as PDF reports with TIFF images.

Linking geology and health sciences to assess childhood lead poisoning from artisanal gold mining in Nigeria

Approximately 400 young children have died and thousands more are affected. This study clarifies lead sources and exposure pathways, identifies other toxicants of concern and people at risk, and examines potential for similar lead poisoning globally.

Low-Temperature Thermochronometric Data from the Revelation Mountains, Western Alaska Range, 2013-2018

Low-temperature thermochronometric data from 16 rock samples collected from this area, used to estimate cooling ages. Data are provided in CSV format.

Melt inclusion and mineral geochemical analyses supporting the evaluation of petrogenesis, degassing, and metallogenic potential of mid-Cenozoic rhyolite magmas in northern Nevada, USA

Geochemical analyses of silicate melt inclusions, host quartz phenocrysts, and biotite phenocrysts in samples of these rocks. Data are provided in CSV format.

Particle size characterization of water-elutriated Libby amphibole 2000 and RTI International amosite

Morphological data on fibrous mineral particles from an old vermiculite mine that has been a subject of environmental health investigations

Petrographic and geochemical data for Cenozoic volcanic rocks of the Bodie Hills, California and Nevada

The purpose of this report is to present available petrographic and geochemical data for unmineralized rock samples, principally volcanic rocks and to make those data available to ongoing petrogenetic investigations of these rocks.

Petrology of volcanic rocks associated with silver-gold (Ag-Au) epithermal deposits in the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield Mining Districts, Nevada

Miocene calc-alkaline volcanic rocks, part of the southern segment of the ancestral Cascades magmatic arc, are spatially, temporally, and likely genetically associated with precious metal epithermal deposits in the Tonopah, Divide, and Goldfield Districts

Spectroscopy of Expanded Vermiculite Products and Insulation

Descriptions and analytical data (electron microprobe, X-ray diffraction, spectral reflectance, and scanning electron microprobe analyses) for unexpanded and expanded vermiculite samples, a mineral product with commercial applications. Data are provided in CSV format. Descriptions of the samples are provided as PDF reports.

Weathering and transport of chromium and nickel from serpentinite in the Coast Range ophiolite to the Sacramento Valley, California, USA

Investigates Cr and Ni geochemistry providing insight into the mobility and bioaccessibility of these toxic trace elements throughout northern California and perhaps the origin of elevated dissolved Cr(VI) concentrations in the western Sacramento Valley

Whole-rock and sulfide-mineral geochemical data for samples from volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the Bonnifield district, east-central Alaska

The data consist of major- and trace-element whole-rock geochemical analyses and major- and trace-element analyses of sulfide minerals determined by electron microprobe and laser ablation–inductively coupled plasma–mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) techniques