Black shale

A dark, thinly laminated carbonaceous shale, exceptionally rich in organic matter (5% or more carbon content) and sulfide (esp. iron sulfide, usually pyrite), and often containing unusual concentrations of certain trace elements (U, V, Cu, Ni).
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Depositional Setting and Geochemistry of Phosphorites and Metalliferous Black Shales in the Carboniferous-Permian Lisburne Group, Northern Alaska

The purpose of this paper is to present new sedimentological, paleontological, and geochemical data that allow us to define the geographic and stratigraphic extent and depositional setting of these temporally unusual phosphorites.

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