Geological environments and metal endowments found in Lateral-extensional orogen basement domains

Geological environment: Spreading ridge
Primary metal endowments: Stratiform Ni-Cu-Cr ± PGE
References
Cox, D.P., and Singer, D.A., 1986, eds., Mineral deposit models: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1693, 379 p.
doi: 10.3133/b1693
Schulte, R.F., Taylor, R.D., Piatak, N.M., and Seal, R.R., II, 2012, Stratiform chromite deposit model, Chap. E in Shanks, W.C., III, and Thurston, Roland, eds., Mineral deposit models for resource assessment: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–E, 131 p.
doi: 10.3133/sir20105070E
Geological environment: Spreading ridge
Primary metal endowments: Podiform Cr
References
Cawthorn, R.G., Barnes, S.J., Ballhaus, C., and Malitch, K.N., 2005, Platinum group element, chromium, and vanadium deposits in mafic and ultramafic rocks: Economic Geology 100th Anniversary Volume, p. 215–250.
Cox, D.P., and Singer, D.A., 1986, eds., Mineral deposit models: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1693, 379 p.
doi: 10.3133/b1693
Mosier, D.L., Singer, D.A., Moring, B.C., and Galloway, J.P., 2012, Podiform chromite deposits—Database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2012–5157, 45 p. and database; http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2012/5157/.
Geological environment: Spreading ridge
Primary metal endowments: Magmatic Ni-Cu ± PGE
References
Arndt, N.T., Lesher, C.M., and Czamanske, G.K., 2005, Mantle-derived magmas and magmatic Ni-Cu- (PGE) deposits: Economic Geology 100th Anniversary Volume, p. 5–24.
Schulz, K.J., Chandler, V.W., Nicholson, S.W., Piatak, Nadine, Seal, R.R., II, Woodruff, L.G., and Zientek, M.L., 2010, Magmatic sulfide-rich nickel-copper deposits related to picrite and (or) tholeiitic basalt dike-sill complexes—A preliminary deposit model: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2010–1179, 25 p; http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2010/1179/.
Geological environment: Spreading ridge
Primary metal endowments: Cu-Zn-Pb ± Au-Ag VMS
References
DeMatties, T.A., 1994, Early Proterozoic volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits in Wisconsin—An overview: Economic Geology, v. 89, p. 1122–1151.
doi: 10.2113/gsecongeo.89.5.1122
Franklin, J.M., Gibson, H.L., Jonasson, I.R., and Galley, A.G., 2005, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits: Economic Geology 100th Anniversary Volume, p. 523–560.
Mosier, D.L., Berger, V.I., and Singer, D.A., 2009, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1034, 46 p.; http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1034/.
Shanks, W.C. Pat, III, and Thurston, Roland, eds., 2012, Volcanogenic massive sulfide occurrence model: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–C, 345 p.
doi: 10.3133/sir20105070C
Geological environment: Intraoceanic arc
Primary metal endowments: Cu-Zn-Pb ± Au-Ag VMS
References
Hannington, M.D., de Ronde, C.E.J., and Petersen, S., 2005, Sea-floor tectonics and submarine hydrothermal systems, in Hedenquist, J.W., Thompson, J.F.H., Goldfarb, R.J., and Richards, J.P., eds., Economic Geology 100th Anniversary Volume, p. 111–141.
Mosier, D.L., Berger, V.I., and Singer, D.A., 2009, Volcanogenic massive sulfide deposits of the world—Database and grade and tonnage models: U.S. Geological Survey Open-File Report 2009–1034, 46 p.; http://pubs.usgs.gov/of/2009/1034/.
Shanks, W.C. Pat, III, and Thurston, Roland, eds., 2012, Volcanogenic massive sulfide occurrence model: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–C, 345 p.
doi: 10.3133/sir20105070C
Geological environment: Intraoceanic arc
Primary metal endowments: Porphyry Cu-Mo
References
John, D.A., Ayuso, R.A., Barton, M.D., Blakely, R.J., Bodnar, R.J., Dilles, J.H., Gray, Floyd, Graybeal, F.T., Mars, J.C., McPhee, D.K., Seal, R.R., Taylor, R.D., and Vikre, P.G., 2010, Porphyry copper deposit model, chap. B of Mineral deposit models for resource assessment: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–B, 169 p; http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2010/5070/b/.
Taylor, R.D., Hammarstrom, J.M., Piatak, N.M., and Seal, R.R., II, 2012, Arc-related porphyry molybdenum deposit model, chap. D of Mineral deposit models for resource assessment: U.S. Geological Survey Scientific Investigations Report 2010–5070–D, 64 p; http://pubs.usgs.gov/sir/2010/5070/d/.
Geological environment: Supracrustal basin
Primary metal endowments: Banded Fe formation
References
Bekker, Andrey, Slack, J.F., Planavsky, N., Krapež, B., Hofmann, N., Konhauser, K.O., and Rouxel, O.J., 2010, Iron formation—The sedimentary product of a complex interplay among mantle, tectonic, oceanic, and biospheric processes: Economic Geology, v. 105, p. 467–508; doi: 10.2113/ gsecongeo.105.3.467.
doi: doi: 10.2113/ gsecongeo.105.3.467
Cox, D.P., and Singer, D.A., 1986, eds., Mineral deposit models: U.S. Geological Survey Bulletin 1693, 379 p.
doi: 10.3133/b1693
Geological environment: Late-stage A-type igneous activity
Primary metal endowments: Magmatic Sn ± Nb-Ta-Zr-F and Zr, Y ± REE
References
Dall’Agnol, Roberto, Frost, C.D., and Ramo, O.T., 2012, IGCP Project 510 “A-type” Granites and Related Rocks through Time—Project vita, results, and contribution to granite research (editorial): Lithos, v. 151, p. 1–16.
doi: 10.1016/j.lithos.2012.08.003