Geologic units in Del Norte county, California

Jurassic marine rocks, unit 1 (Western Sierra Nevada and Western Klamath Mountains) (Triassic to Late Jurassic) at surface, covers 29 % of this area

Shale, sandstone, minor conglomerate, chert, slate, limestone; minor pyroclastic rocks

Franciscan Complex, unit 1 (Coast Ranges) (Jurassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 21 % of this area

Franciscan complex: Cretaceous and Jurassic sandstone with smaller amounts of shale, chert, limestone, and conglomerate. Includes Franciscan melange, except where separated--see KJfm.

Ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 3 (Coast Ranges and Western Klamath Mountains) (Middle to Late Jurassic) at surface, covers 21 % of this area

Ultramafic rocks, mostly serpentine. Minor peridotite, gabbro, and diabase. Chiefly Mesozoic unit 3

Mesozoic volcanic rocks, unit 2 (Western Sierra Foothills and Western Klamath Mountains) (Jurassic) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Undivided Mesozoic volcanic and metavolcanic rocks. Andesite and rhyolite flow rocks, greenstone, volcanic breccia and other pyroclastic rocks; in part strongly metamorphosed. Includes volcanic rocks of Franciscan Complex: basaltic pillow lava, diabase, greenstone, and minor pyroclastic rocks.

Ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 2 (Western Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains) (Late Proterozoic(?) to Early Jurassic) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Ultramafic rocks, mostly serpentine. Minor peridotite, gabbro, and diabase. Chiefly Mesozoic unit 2

Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits (Pleistocene to Holocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 5 (Klamath Mountains) (Jurassic to early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metavolcanic rocks, unit 2 (undivided) (Paleozoic(?) to Mesozoic(?)) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metavolcanic rocks. Includes latite, dacite, tuff, and greenstone; commonly schistose.

Franciscan schist (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Blueschist and semi-schist of Franciscan complex

Paleozoic marine rocks, undivided, unit 9 (Western Klamath Mountains) (Devonian to Jurassic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Undivided Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks. Includes slate, sandstone, shale, chert, conglomerate, limestone, dolomite, marble, phyllite, schist, hornfels, and quartzite

Older Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Older alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits.

Quaternary sand deposits, unit 1 (coastal) (Quaternary) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Extensive marine and nonmarine sand deposits, generally near the coast or desert playas

Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided) (Triassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Tertiary nonmarine rocks, undivided (Paleocene to Pliocene) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Undivided Tertiary sandstone, shale, conglomerate, breccia, and ancient lake deposits.

Quaternary glacial deposits (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Glacial till and moraines. Found at high elevations mostly in the Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains.

Miocene marine rocks (Oligocene to Pliocene) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Sandstone, shale, siltstone, conglomerate and breccia; in part Pliocene and Oligocene.

Ultramafic and related rocks of ophiolite sequences (Paleozoic(?), Triassic(?), and Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Predominantly harzburgite and dunite with both cumulate and tectonite fabrics. Locally altered to serpentinite. Includes gabbroic rocks and sheeted diabasic dike complexes. Comprises Josephine ophiolite of Harper (1980), ophiolites of Onion Mountain, Sexton Mountain, Pearsoll Peak, Rogue River, and Riddle areas (Smith and others, 1982) and Coast Range ophiolite and serpentinite melange of M.C. Blake, Jr. and A.S. Jayko (unpublished data, 1985). In southwest Oregon, locally includes small bodies of early Mesozoic or late Paleozoic serpentinized and sheared ultramafic rocks, mostly in shear zones. Locally, volcanic and sedimentary rocks shown separately

pre-Cenozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks undivided (Early Proterozoic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks of great variety. Mostly slate, quartzite, hornfels, chert, phyllite, mylonite, schist, gneiss, and minor marble.

Pliocene marine rocks (Miocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sandstone, siltstone, shale, and conglomerate; in part Pleistocene and Miocene.

Plio-Pleistocene and Pliocene loosely consolidated deposits (Miocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Pliocene and/or Pleistocene sandstone, shale, and gravel deposits; in part Miocene.

Sedimentary rocks of Dothan Formation and related rocks (Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sandstone, conglomerate, graywacke, rhythmically banded chert lenses. Includes western Dothan and Otter Point Formations of M.C. Blake, Jr. and AS. Jayko (unpublished data, 1985) in Curry and southern Coos Counties

Alluvial deposits (Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sand, gravel, and silt forming flood plains and filling channels of present streams. In places includes talus and slope wash. Locally includes soils containing abundant organic material, and thin peat beds

Granite and diorite (Triassic and Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Felsic to intermediate, granitoid intrusive rocks. Includes Jurassic muscovite granodiorite, hornblende gabbro, tonalite, and quartz diorite of southwest Oregon (Smith and others, 1982)

Shale, mudstone, and sandstone (Late Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Black to gray shale, mudstone, and sandstone with local lenses of pebble conglomerate. Overlies Josephine ophiolite of Harper (1980) (unit Ju)

Volcanic rocks of the Dothan Formation and related rocks (Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Basaltic pillow lavas, volcanic breccia, and silicified basalt lava flows

Melange (Jurassic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Structurally complex mixture of basaltic rocks, serpentinite, chert, argillite, conglomerate, silty sandstone, and lenses of marble composing the melange of the Takilma area of Smith and others (1982)