Geologic units in Napa county, California

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Lower Cretaceous marine rocks (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 26 % of this area

Lower Cretaceous sandstone, shale, and conglomerate

Tertiary volcanic flow rocks, unit 3 (Sonoma Volcanic Field) (Tertiary (3-7 Ma)) at surface, covers 16 % of this area

Tertiary volcanic flow rocks; minor pyroclastic deposits.

Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits (Pliocene to Holocene) at surface, covers 14 % of this area

Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 3 (Coast Ranges and Western Klamath Mountains) (Middle to Late Jurassic) at surface, covers 11 % of this area

Ultramafic rocks, mostly serpentine. Minor peridotite, gabbro, and diabase. Chiefly Mesozoic unit 3

Tertiary pyroclastic and volcanic mudflow deposits, unit 1 (Sonoma Volcanic Field) (Tertiary (3-7 Ma)) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Tertiary pyroclastic and volcanic mudflow deposits.

Upper Cretaceous marine rocks, unit 1 (Upper Great Valley Sequence) (Late Cretaceous) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Upper Cretaceous sandstone, shale, and conglomerate

Jurassic marine rocks, unit 2 (Coast Ranges) (Late Jurassic to Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Shale, sandstone, minor conglomerate, chert, slate, limestone; minor pyroclastic rocks

Plio-Pleistocene and Pliocene loosely consolidated deposits (Miocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Pliocene and/or Pleistocene sandstone, shale, and gravel deposits; in part Miocene.

Franciscan Complex, unit 1 (Coast Ranges) (Jurassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Franciscan complex: Cretaceous and Jurassic sandstone with smaller amounts of shale, chert, limestone, and conglomerate. Includes Franciscan melange, except where separated--see KJfm.

Franciscan melange (Jurassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Melange of fragmented and sheared Franciscan complex rocks.

Lithology: melange

Eocene marine rocks (Paleocene to Oligocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Shale, sandstone, conglomerate, and minor limestone; in part Oligocene and Paleocene.

Quaternary volcanic flow rocks, unit 3 (Clear Lake Volcanic Field) (Quaternary (0-4 Ma)) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Quaternary volcanic flow rocks; minor pyroclastic deposits; in part Pliocene and Miocene.

Lithology: andesite; dacite; basalt

Quaternary large landslide deposits (Quaternary) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Selected large landslides, such as Blackhawk slide on north side of San Gabriel Mountains; early to late Quaternary.

Lithology: landslide

Miocene marine rocks (Oligocene to Pliocene) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Sandstone, shale, siltstone, conglomerate and breccia; in part Pliocene and Oligocene.

Jurassic marine rocks (?), (Lake Beryessa) (Jurassic(?)) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Lithology: siltstone

Mesozoic volcanic rocks, unit 1 (Coast Ranges) (Jurassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Undivided Mesozoic volcanic and metavolcanic rocks. Andesite and rhyolite flow rocks, greenstone, volcanic breccia and other pyroclastic rocks; in part strongly metamorphosed. Includes volcanic rocks of Franciscan Complex: basaltic pillow lava, diabase, greenstone, and minor pyroclastic rocks

Cretaceous marine rocks (in part nonmarine), unit 1 (Coast Ranges) (Early to Late Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Undivided Cretaceous sandstone, shale, and conglomerate; minor nonmarine rocks in Peninsular Ranges

Franciscan schist (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Blueschist and semi-schist of Franciscan complex