Geologic units in Nevada county, California

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 3 (Sierra Nevada, Death Valley area, Northern Mojave Desert and Transverse Ranges) (Permian to Tertiary; most Mesozoic) at surface, covers 22 % of this area

Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Tertiary pyroclastic and volcanic mudflow deposits, unit 9 (Cascade Range) (Tertiary (2-24 Ma)) at surface, covers 19 % of this area

Tertiary pyroclastic and volcanic mudflow deposits.

Mesozoic volcanic rocks, unit 2 (Western Sierra Foothills and Western Klamath Mountains) (Jurassic) at surface, covers 19 % of this area

Undivided Mesozoic volcanic and metavolcanic rocks. Andesite and rhyolite flow rocks, greenstone, volcanic breccia and other pyroclastic rocks; in part strongly metamorphosed. Includes volcanic rocks of Franciscan Complex: basaltic pillow lava, diabase, greenstone, and minor pyroclastic rocks.

Paleozoic marine rocks, undivided, unit 4 (Western Sierra Nevada) (Ordovician to Triassic) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Undivided Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks. Includes slate, sandstone, shale, chert, conglomerate, limestone, dolomite, marble, phyllite, schist, hornfels, and quartzite

Paleozoic marine rocks, undivided, unit 6 (Northwestern Sierra Nevada) (Permian(?) to Jurassic(?)) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Undivided Paleozoic metasedimentary rocks. Includes slate, sandstone, shale, chert, conglomerate, limestone, dolomite, marble, phyllite, schist, hornfels, and quartzite

Mesozoic gabbroic rocks, unit 2 (undivided) (Triassic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Gabbro and dark dioritic rocks; chiefly Mesozoic

Mesozoic granitic rocks, unit 4 (Klamath Mountains and Northern Sierra Nevada) (Devonian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Mesozoic granite, quartz monzonite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite

Tertiary volcanic flow rocks, unit 17 (Cascade Range) (Tertiary (2-24 Ma)) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Tertiary volcanic flow rocks; minor pyroclastic deposits.

Quaternary glacial deposits (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Glacial till and moraines. Found at high elevations mostly in the Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains.

Quaternary alluvium and marine deposits (Pleistocene to Holocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Alluvium, lake, playa, and terrace deposits; unconsolidated and semi-consolidated. Mostly nonmarine, but includes marine deposits near the coast.

Jurassic marine rocks, unit 1 (Western Sierra Nevada and Western Klamath Mountains) (Triassic to Late Jurassic) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Shale, sandstone, minor conglomerate, chert, slate, limestone; minor pyroclastic rocks

Quaternary volcanic flow rocks, unit 1 (Cascade Volcanic Field) (Quaternary) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Quaternary volcanic flow rocks; minor pyroclastic deposits; in part Pliocene and Miocene.

Ultramafic rocks, chiefly Mesozoic, unit 2 (Western Sierra Nevada and Klamath Mountains) (Late Proterozoic(?) to Early Jurassic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Ultramafic rocks, mostly serpentine. Minor peridotite, gabbro, and diabase. Chiefly Mesozoic unit 2

Eocene nonmarine rocks, unit 1 (Northern and Central California) (Eocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Sandstone, shale, and conglomerate.

Mesozoic volcanic rocks, unit 5 (Northern Sierra Nevada and Eastern Klamath Mountains) (Late Permian(?) to Jurassic) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Undivided Mesozoic volcanic and metavolcanic rocks. Andesite and rhyolite flow rocks, greenstone, volcanic breccia and other pyroclastic rocks; in part strongly metamorphosed. Includes volcanic rocks of Franciscan Complex: basaltic pillow lava, diabase, greenstone, and minor pyroclastic rocks.

Jurassic marine rocks, unit 5 (Northern Sierra Nevada and Eastern Klamath Mountains) (Devonian to Late Jurassic) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Shale, sandstone, minor conglomerate, chert, slate, limestone; minor pyroclastic rocks

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metavolcanic rocks, unit 2 (undivided) (Paleozoic(?) to Mesozoic(?)) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metavolcanic rocks. Includes latite, dacite, tuff, and greenstone; commonly schistose.

pre-Cenozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks undivided (Early Proterozoic to Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Undivided pre-Cenozoic metasedimentary and metavolcanic rocks of great variety. Mostly slate, quartzite, hornfels, chert, phyllite, mylonite, schist, gneiss, and minor marble.

Younger andesite and intermediate flows and breccias (Miocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes some rocks mapped as the Kate Peak and Alta Formations on the Washoe South map; Wahmonie and Salyer Formations on the Nye South map; Gilbert Andesite on the Esmeralda map; pyroxene, hornblende phenoandesite, and phenodacite on the Elko map; and other unnamed units. It corresponds to the unit Ta3 on the 1978 State map. It is present everywhere except Eureka and White Pine Counties.

Basalt flows (Holocene to Pliocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Olivine basalt and basaltic and andesitic rocks. This unit is present in Clark, Elko, Mineral, Esmeralda, Humboldt, Lincoln, Lyon, Douglas, Carson, Nye, Washoe, and Lander Counties. It corresponds to the 1978 State map unit QTb.

Landslide deposits, colluvium, and talus (Holocene to Pliocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Unit is mixed on the Washoe North map with basalt, tuff, diatomite, and tuffaceous sediments. It includes the units mapped as Qls from the 1978 State map. It is present in Churchill, Washoe, Nye, Esmeralda, Elko, Eureka, Humboldt, Lander, Lincoln, Mineral, and Pershing Counties.

Glacial moraines (Holocene and Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sediments are present in southern Washoe, northern Nye, Esmeralda, Elko, Humboldt, White Pine, and Lander Counties in high mountain ranges.