Gray, medium-grained, interlayered schist and granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, muscovite (in the schist), biotite, and garnet, also staurolite and kyanite in the schist. Numerous layers and lenses of amphibolite; also some of quartz-spessartine (coticule) and calc-silicate rock.
Gray, medium-grained, well-foliated and generally well layered, light and dark, but locally wispy gneiss, composed of quartz and plagioclase, with microcline locally in the light layers and abundant biotite and common hornblende in the dark layers; garnet or epidote locally. Layers and lenses of calc-silicate rock and amphibolite in some areas.
Dark-gray to silvery, rusty-weathering, generally coarse grained, foliated but poorly layered to massive gneiss or schistose gneiss, composed of quartz, oligoclase, microcline, biotite, and muscovite, and generally sillimanite and garnet. Amphibolite layers locally, especially near base where in places separately mapped as unit CAma. Cambrian Manhattan Schist in this report includes four informal members: Warren member, garnetiferous biotite schist member, Shepaug member, and schistose granulite member. The Warren member occurs only in the Above All thrust sheet, the Shepaug member only in the Rabbit Hill thrust sheet. The schist member occurs in both. The granulite member occurs in the Rabbit Hill thrust sheet and the Lake Waramaug thrust sheet. The Warren includes mainly interbedded, dark-gray, muscovite-garnet-chlorite-plagioclase-biotite-quartz schist, amphibolite lenses, siliceous granulite, and finely-layered schistose gneiss. The Shepaug consists of interbedded orthoclase-garnet-plagioclase-biotite-quartz schistose gneiss, rusty-weathering, schistose gneisses and schists with sillimanite rods, and subordinate granulite beds with sillimanite nodules similar to those in the schistose granulite member (Panish, 1992).
Light-gray to silvery, fine- to medium-grained, generally poorly layered schist, composed of quartz, muscovite, biotite, oligoclase, and generally garnet, staurolite, and kyanite or sillimanite. Layers of granofels common; also some layers of amphibolite, quartz-spessartine rock (coticule), and calc-silicate rock.
(Equivalent in part to Washington Gneiss of Massachusetts) - Dark-gray, rusty-weathering, well-foliated and well- to poorly layered schist and gneiss composed of quartz, plagioclase, biotite, muscovite, sillimanite, and locally garnet; some layers of feldspathic quartzite and garnetiferous amphibolite.
Light- to medium-gray, rusty-weathering, fine- to medium-grained schist and poorly layered schistose gneiss, composed of quartz, biotite, plagioclase, muscovite, and generally garnet and sillimanite or kyanite.
Light-pink to gray, medium- to coarse-grained, foliated but generally massive or poorly layered granitic gneiss, composed of quartz, microcline, oligoclase, and either biotite or muscovite or both, also locally amphibole or epidote.
(Including local terms Ansonia, Mine Hill, "Tyler Lake," "Siscowit") - White, light-gray, buff, or pink, generally foliated granitic gneiss, composed of sodic plagioclase, quartz, microcline, muscovite, and biotite, and locally garnet or sillimanite. Commonly contains numerous inclusions or layers of mica schist and gneiss.
Gray, generally massive dolomite marble, commonly contains quartz grains, locally beds of sandstone; may be calcitic near top.
White to pink, fine- to very coarse-grained (commonly pegmatitic), massive to layered granite composed of albite, microcline, quartz, and muscovite, with minor biotite and garnet. Microcline commonly graphic; quartz and muscovite commonly in plumose aggregates.
White to gray, massive to layered marble, generally dolomitic but containing calcite marble in upper part, locally interlayered with schist or phyllite and with calcareous siltstone or sandstone.
Like Manhattan Schist but with numerous lenses and layers of amphibolite.
(Including Poughquag and Lowerre Formation) - Gray, tan-weathering, medium-grained, generally well layered gneiss or feldspathic quartzite, composed of quartz, microcline, plagioclase, muscovite, biotite, and generally tourmaline; some schistose micaceous layers have sillimanite; commonly as quartz-sillimanite nodules rimmed with muscovite. Layers of purer quartzite in many areas, especially near the top or where the formation is thin.
Dark-gray to mottled, fine- to medium-grained, massive to foliated amphibolite and gneiss, composed of hornblende and plagioclase, also commonly biotite and minor quartz; commonly interlayered with banded felsic gneiss. Locally contains calc-silicate rock or diopsidic calcite marble.
Black to dark-or silvery-gray, rarely layered schist or phyllite, composed of quartz, albite, and commonly garnet and staurolite or sillimanite (locally strongly retrograded to chlorite and muscovite). Locally feldspathic or calcareous near the base.
White, pink, cream, and light-gray, generally well bedded dolomitic marble interlayered with phyllite and schist and with siltstone, sandstone, or quartzite, commonly dolomitic.
Dark-gray to silvery, generally rusty weathering, medium- to coarse-grained, well-foliated, massive to well-layered schist and schistose gneiss, composed of quartz, plagioclase, biotite, muscovite, and generally garnet and sillimanite; also layers of amphibolite.
Dark-gray to white, massive to layered schistose or phyllitic calcite-phlogopite marble.
Silvery to gray, non-rusty, coarse- to very coarse grained, generally poorly layered schist, composed of quartz, muscovite, biotite, oligoclase, garnet, and commonly with staurolite and kyanite or sillimanite; graphitic almost throughout. Distinctive sequence of metamorphic strata overlying the Collinsville Formation in the Bristol quad., is here correlated with the Straits Schist of Fritts (1963) in the Southington quad. Consists mainly of rusty-weathering, medium- to coarse-grained, commonly crenulated, garnet-bearing, graphitic, muscovite-rich, plagioclase-quartz schist with graded bedding. Unit is called The Straits Schist following the original usage of Rodgers and others (1959). In the southern part of the Bristol quad., unit includes the Southington Mountain Member (here reduced in rank) in its upper part. Age of The Straits is inferred to be Silurian or Devonian. Unit is tentatively correlated with the Goshen Formation based on lithologic similarities and a possible unconformity at the base (Simpson, 1990).
Brookfield (dioritic and granodioritic) Gneiss (including Newtown Gneiss of Crowley, 1968) - Dark and light, commonly speckled or banded, medium- to coarse-grained, massive to poorly foliated gneiss, composed of plagioclase, biotite, and hornblende, generally with quartz and K-feldspar, the latter commonly as megacrysts 1 to 3 cm across (also plagioclase megacrysts in darker rocks), locally associated with amphibolite or hornblende schist.
Mixture of rock types as described for the two members; in many areas felsic and mafic striped metavolcanic rocks predominate.
Gray, medium-grained, generally fairly well layered to well-laminated ("pin-stripe") gneissic or schistose granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, biotite, muscovite, and garnet, and locally staurolite and kyanite or sillimanite. The Taine Mountain Formation of Stanley (1964) is here adopted in the Collinsville and Bristol quads, CT. Includes 3 pinstriped units: the Wildcat, Scranton Mountain, and Whigville Members, also adopted from Stanley (1964). Underlies Bristol Gneiss (revised). Correlates with the Savoy Schist of Emerson (1898), Missisquoi Schist or Group of Richardson (1919, 1924), in MA; and the Moretown Formation of Cady (1956) in MA and VT. Age is Middle Ordovician (Simpson, 1990).
Grayish to greenish (some rusty-weathering), fine- to medium-grained, foliated but poorly layered schist or phyllite, composed of quartz, albite or oligoclase, muscovite, garnet, staurolite or chloritoid, and generally chlorite. Local layers are dark-gray to silvery schist or phyllite.
White to pale-gray, massive, smooth-weathering dolomite marble.
Dark-gray, rusty-weathering, coarse-grained, well-foliated and moderately well layered schist composed of quartz, plagioclase, biotite, muscovite, and generally garnet and sillimanite (or minor staurolite). Amphibolite layers rather rare.
White to gray massive calcite marble, commonly mottled with dolomite and locally interlayered with dolomite marble and calcareous siltstone and sandstone.
Around Waterbury dome - Differs from rest of Taine Mountain Formation in being especially well layered and generally less micaceous and schistose.
Light, medium-grained, massive to well-layered gneiss, composed of plagioclase, quartz, and biotite, also muscovite and garnet in many layers, interlayered in places with dark amphibolite. Bristol Member of Collinsville Formation (Stanley, 1964) is here raised in rank and revised as Bristol Gneiss in the report area. Garnet- and epidote-bearing amphibolite and hornblende gneiss assigned by Stanley to the upper part of his Bristol Member is here assigned to base of the overlying Collinsville Formation and composes the unnamed hornblende gneiss member. As defined here, the Bristol Gneiss consists of plagioclase-quartz gneiss characterized by foliae of muscovite or biotite, or locally chlorite, which in places give the unit a striking pinstriping; contains scattered small garnets and large pods of amphibolite. Average thickness may be about 2,000 ft; thickness varies due to local intense folding. Probably correlates with the Moretown Formation of central MA, in which case it would constitute a fourth member of Stanley's Taine Mountain Formation. Formational status assigned in this report based on its unique textural and lithological character. Inferred age is Middle Ordovician (Simpson, 1990).
Mixture of rock types described below, where not separately mapped.
Gray to silvery, non-rusty, medium-grained, well-layered alternating schist and granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, muscovite, biotite, and garnet, commonly with staurolite and kyanite (or sillimanite); schist commonly graphitic. Metamorphosed strata named Southington Mountain Schist by Fritts (1963) is traceable into southern Bristol quad., and is here revised as Southington Mountain Member of The Straits Schist. Consists of alternating bands of quartz-feldspar granulite and of graphitic, muscovite-biotite schist. Unit is characterized by distinct, widespread, graded bedding and locally abundant staurolite. Unit may correlate with the Goshen Formation of the Heath quad, MA-VT, of Middle Silurian to Early Devonian age (Simpson, 1990).
Ratlum Mountain Schist - Gray, medium-grained, interlayered schist and granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, muscovite (in the schist), biotite, and garnet, also staurolite and kyanite in the schist. Numerous layers and lenses of amphibolite; also some of quartz-spessartine (coticule) and calc-silicate rock. Amphibolite unit [in Ratlum Mountain Schist] (Lower? Ordovician) - Black or mottled, generally massive amphibolite and hornblende gneiss, composed of hornblende and andesine, commonly with minor quartz and magnetite, and locally with garnet, biotite, and epidote.
Gray to silver (not rusty), medium- to coarse-grained, generally layered schist and granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, muscovite, biotite, and garnet, and locally kyanite and staurolite or sillimanite. Some amphibolite layers.
Gray, generally rusty- or tan-weathering gneiss, composed of quartz, plagioclase, microcline, biotite, and muscovite, interlayered with feldspathic quartzite.
Medium- to dark-gray, fine- to medium-grained, generally irregularly foliated and lenticular rather than regularly layered schist and schistose gneiss, composed of biotite, quartz, oligoclase, kyanite (or sillimanite), and garnet, also locally microcline, irregularly mixed with granitoid gneiss, composed of oligoclase or andesine, quartz, biotite, and commonly microcline and muscovite.
Red, pink, and gray coarse-grained, locally conglomeratic, poorly sorted and indurated arkose, interbedded with brick-red micaceous, locally shaly siltstone and fine-grained feldspathic clayey sandstone.
Light-gray to silvery, fine- to medium-grained, generally poorly layered schist, composed of quartz, muscovite, biotite, oligoclase, and generally garnet, staurolite, and kyanite or sillimanite. Layers of granofels common; also some layers of amphibolite, quartz-spessartine rock (coticule), and calc-silicate rock. Amphibolite unit [in Rowe Schist] - Black or mottled, generally massive amphibolite and hornblende gneiss, composed of hornblende and andesine.
(Carbonaceous schist facies) - Gray, rusty-weathering, fine- to medium-grained, generally layered schist and granofels, composed of quartz, oligoclase, and biotite; some muscovite and graphite, rare garnet and kyanite or sillimanite. Layers of quartz-spessartine rock (coticule) common.
Black or mottled, generally massive amphibolite and hornblende gneiss, composed of hornblende and andesine, commonly with minor quartz and magnetite, and locally with garnet, biotite, and epidote.
Dark, fine- to medium-grained, well-layered amphibolite and hornblende gneiss, composed of hornblende and plagioclase, commonly with biotite, garnet, or epidote, interlayered with light-gray felsic gneiss and pink quartz-spessartine rock (coticule). Grades into Bristol Gneiss.
Dark, medium- to coarse-grained, mostly massive mafic rock (olivine norite, quartz norite, hypersthene pyroxenite), composed of labradorite, hypersthene, augite, and olivine in varying proportions, also hornblende and biotite (and minor quartz in quartz norite). Associated with small mineral deposits of pyrrhotite, pentlandite, and chalcopyrite.
Gray and silvery (not rusty), medium- to coarse-grained, poorly layered schist, composed of quartz, oligoclase, biotite, muscovite, and garnet, and in places kyanite or sillimanite. Amphibolite layers common; also layers of quartz-spessartine rock (coticule). In the Bristol quad., CT, Collinsville Formation is revised to include a basal unnamed hornblende gneiss member (was upper part of Stanley's (1964) Bristol Member), a middle unnamed metaquartzite member, and the upper Sweetheart Mountain Member. Bristol Member of Stanley (1964) is raised in rank to Bristol Gneiss in the report area. Collinsville unconformably underlies The Straits Schist. Inferred age is Middle Ordovician (Simpson, 1990).
Greenish-gray to black (weathers bright orange to brown), fine- to coarse-grained, grading from basalt near contacts to gabbro in the interior, composed of pyroxene and plagioclase with accessory opaques and locally olivine or devitrified glass.
(Including local term "Danbury Gneiss;" equivalent in part to Tyringham Gneiss of Massachusetts) - Medium-gray to spotted, fine- to medium-grained, porphyritic, foliated and lineated granitic gneiss, composed of microcline (largely as megacrysts or augen up to 10 cm long), quartz, albite, or oligoclase, biotite and minor hornblende.
White to gray massive calcite marble with layers and laminae of dolomitic marble.
Interlayered metasedimentary rock and granitic gneiss.
Reddish-brown to maroon micaceous arkose and siltstone and red to black fissile silty shale. Grades eastward into coarse conglomerate (fanglomerate).
Minor meta-graywacke lenses. Includes Greylock Schist in Massachusetts.
Maroon siltstone, silty and sandy shale, and fine-grained silty sandstone, generally well laminated and commonly well indurated, alternating with dark fissile shale; dolomitic carbonate common in cement, concretions, and thin argillaceous laminae. Local arkose; grades eastward into coarse conglomerate close to eastern border fault. The East Berlin Formation of the Hartford basin contains eight facies: trough cross-bedded sandstones, horizontally stratified sandstones, interbedded sandstones and mudrocks, ripple cross-laminated siltstones, black shales, stratified mudrocks, disrupted shales, and disrupted mudstones. These facies are interpreted as a continental depositional system and are divided into two assemblages. Sandflat/alluvial plain facies assemblage (sandstones and siltstones) is composed of sheet-flood deposits. The lacustrine assemblage (shales and mudrocks) represents a saline lake-playa system (Gierlowski-Kordesch and Rust, 1994).
Biotite ferrohastingsite granodioritic and granitic gneiss with large schlieren of biotite, locally contains garnet and muscovite.
Phyllite, schist, metagraywacke.
Maroon to dark-gray, silty shale, siltstone, and fine-grained silty sandstone, generally well and thinly laminated. In the southern part of the State includes a layer, up to 5 m thick, of blue, commonly sandy, fine-grained limestone or dolomitic limestone, grading laterally into calcareous siltstone. Coarser and more arkosic to east and south, grading into conglomerate near the eastern border fault.
Greenish-gray to black (weathers bright orange to brown), fine- to medium-grained, grading from basalt near contacts to fine-grained gabbro in the interior, composed of pyroxene and plagioclase with accessory opaques and locally olivine or devitrified glass. Pillows in many places; volcanic breccia with fragmentary pillows in others.
Well-layered, rusty-tan weathering muscovite-biotite plagioclase-microcline-quartz granofels containing layers of rusty sulfidic calc-silicate rocks.
Greenish-gray to black (weathers bright orange to brown), fine- to medium-grained, grading from basalt near contacts to fine-grained gabbro in the interior, composed of pyroxene and plagioclase with accessory opaques and locally olivine or devitrified glass.
Slate, phyllite, schist, metagraywacke.
( = Russell Mountain Formation of Massachusetts) - Distinguished by presence of layers of amphibolite, marble, calc-silicate rock, and quartzite within more uniform schist like that on either side. Minor, unevenly distributed mineralization in W, Bi, Cu, Ni, and other metals.
Ultramafic rock, originally composed of olivine and pyroxene, now generally altered to tremolite, talc, chlorite, or serpentine.
Beige, tan, and dark-gray weathering quartzose dolomite marble containing interbeds of black, green and maroon phyllite and punky weathering blue quartz pebble quartzite.
Mainly pure, white, glassy, tough quartzite.
Tan weathering, muscovite-microcline quartzite and feldspathic quartzite rich in black tourmaline, locally includes thin beds of other rock types listed below.
White to light-powdery-blue-gray dolostone with disseminated grains of quartz and prominent sprays of tremolite in higher-grade areas.
Light pinkish-gray ferrohastingsite-biotite, quartz-rodded granodioritic to quartz monzonitic gneiss, coarsely porphyritic, locally having fine-grained aplitic border. Intrudes all Berkshire Proterozoic Y units.
(includes local Dalton Formation at base)-locally conglomeratic.
Orange-brown weathering, graphite-albite-biotite calcitic marble and schistose marble and interbedded black phyllite.
Dark-gray, graphitic quartz phyllite and schist containing minor lenses of limestone.
Orangish-gray, gray, and light-greenish-gray muscovite-quartz schist and interlayered feldspathic quartzite and quartz conglomerate; minor beds of rusty albitic schist.
Containing beds of amphibolite, aluminous schist, quartzite, and calc-silicate gneiss.
White, massive vitreous quartzite.
White to blue-gray and white layered calcite marble.
Coarse- to medium-grained hornblende-garnet amphibolite, hornblende-plagioclase gneiss and phlogopite-hornblende-plagioclase amphibolite (metabasalt).
Well-layered hornblende-biotite gneiss .
Rusty-weathering, muscovite-biotite-sillimanite and/or kyanite-garnet schist; blue-quartz ribbed conglomerate, interlayered garnet-plagioclase-quartz metadacite.
Light-green and greenish-gray chlorite-muscovite-albite or chloritoid-rich phyllite. Predominantly dark-gray chloritoid-rich schist in Lenox Mountain.
Massive to finely laminated steel-gray calcitic dolomite marble containing a prominent zone of white quartz nodules near top.
Intruded near or along thrust faults. Intrudes CAZh and Proterozoic Y gneisses.