Geologic units in Clearwater county, Idaho

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Piegan Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 17 % of this area

Calcareous and dolomitic siltite, quartzite, and subordinate argillite of the Helena and Wallace formations in northern Idaho; south of St. Joe River, correlative rocks include garnet grade feldspathic quartzite and calc-silicate gneiss. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Columbia River Basalt Group. (Miocene) at surface, covers 14 % of this area

Large-volume lava flows of tholeiitic basalt, basaltic andesite, and subordinate andesite in western Idaho; consists of Imnaha Basalt (17.5-16.5 Ma), Grande Ronde Basalt (16.5-15.6 Ma), Wanapum Basalt (15.6-14.5 Ma), and Saddle Mountains Basalt (14.5-6 Ma). Includes porphyritic basalt and basaltic andesite in western Owyhee County. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Volcanic and Intrusive Rocks).

Tonalite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 13 % of this area

Tonalite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite, typically hornblende-bearing; includes the Payette River tonalite (~90 Ma) along western border zone of the Atlanta lobe, and the ~99 Ma Croesus pyroxene-biotite quartz diorite south of Hailey. Also includes granodiorite with potassium feldspar megacrysts that is typically hornblende-bearing and foliated (~90 Ma in central Idaho and ~100 Ma in northernmost Idaho) and early mafic phases of the Bitterroot lobe (~70 Ma). (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Challis intrusive rocks. (Eocene) at surface, covers 12 % of this area

Shallow roots of Challis volcanic field. Older suite of granodiorite and quartz monzodiorite and subordinate diorite, granite, and subvolcanic dacite; includes Jackson Peak, Beaver Creek, Marsh Creek, and Summit Creek stocks (49-45 Ma). Younger suite of granite and minor syenite and subvolcanic rhyolite; includes Sawtooth, Casto, Bungalow, and Lolo Hot Springs plutons (47-43 Ma). (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Gneissic and schistose metasedimentary rocks. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 12 % of this area

Biotite-rich paragneiss and schist, and subordinate feldspathic quartzite and calc-silicate rocks. Probably metamorphosed western facies of Lemhi subbasin. Characterized by igneous suite of Yam and Yag. Includes Elk City metamorphic sequence and metamorphic rocks east of Moscow, along Salmon River northwest of Salmon, and in Pioneer Mountains. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Ravalli Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Feldspathic quartzite and subordinate siltite and argillite of the Burke, Revett, and St. Regis formations in northern Idaho; south of St. Joe River, includes correlative garnet-grade quartzite and schist. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Metamorphic rocks. (Paleoproterozoic and Archean) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Pend Oreille granodiorite gneiss near Priest River (~2650 Ma); schist, gneiss, and subordinate quartzite along North Fork Clearwater River; Kelly Creek granite gneiss northeast of Pierce (~2670 Ma); orthogneiss in Pioneer Mountains (~2600 Ma and 695 Ma); granite gneiss, granite, schist, and amphibolite of Green Creek complex in Albion Mountains (~2600 Ma); granite gneiss in Beaverhead Mountains east of Leadore (~2450 Ma); and marble, quartzite, schist, and amphibolite of uncertain age near Henrys Lake. (Mesoproterozoic to Archean Basement Rocks).

Lower Missoula Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Siltite, argillite, and dolomitic siltite in northern Idaho; includes Snowslip and Shepard formations, rocks previously mapped as upper member of Wallace Formation, and correlative garnet-grade phyllite and schist south of St. Joe River. Also includes schist, micaceous quartzite, and calc-silicate rocks in lower part of Meadow Creek metamorphic sequence east of Elk City, and argillite, siltite, phyllite, and calc-silicate rocks south of Lost Trail Pass. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Windermere Supergroup. (Cambrian and Neoproterozoic) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Upper part consists of shallow marine and fluvial quartzose sandstone, and minor siltite, shale, and limestone of the Brigham Group of southeast Idaho, Wilbert Formation of east-central Idaho, and quartzites of unknown affinity west of Borah Peak. More highly metamorphosed equivalents are quartzite, metaconglomerate, metasiltite, calc-silicate marble, and schist of Gospel Peaks successions C and D in central Idaho; mature quartzite, biotite schist, and minor calc-silicate rocks of Syringa metamorphic sequence east of Moscow; and schist and quartzite in the Albion Range (Elba Quartzite, schist of Upper Narrows, quartzite of Yost, schist of Stevens Spring, quartzite of Clarks Basin, schist of Mahogany Peaks, and Harrison Summit Quartzite). Lower part consists of diamictite, immature sandstone, and bimodal volcanic rocks related to continental rifting. Includes Pocatello Formation (700-665 Ma), formation of Leaton Gulch near Challis, Shedroof Conglomerate in extreme northwest Idaho, and metamorphic equivalents (schist, marble, calc-silicate rocks, metaconglomerate, and ~686 Ma metavolcanic rocks) of Gospel Peaks successions A and B in central Idaho. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Sedimentary rocks associated with flood basalts. (Miocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Fluvial and lacustrine deposits associated with Columbia River Basalt Group and equivalent basalts (17-8 Ma); consolidated to weakly consolidated sandstone, siltstone, arkose, conglomerate, claystone, and tuffaceous sediment; subordinate intercalated basalt and rhyolitic tuff. Includes Payette and Sucker Creek formations in southwestern Idaho, sediments associated with basalt of Weiser in western Idaho, and Latah Formation in northern Idaho. Includes sedimentary rocks of uncertain origin in southwest corner of Idaho. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Granodiorite and granite. (Paleocene and Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Granodiorite and granite containing biotite and local muscovite (66-54 Ma); composes northern (Bitterroot) lobe of batholith and is ~20 Ma younger than southern (Atlanta) lobe. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Orthogneiss. (Paleoproterozoic) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Biotite tonalite gneiss and hornblende-biotite tonalite gneiss (~1870 Ma) north of North Fork of Clearwater River, and south of Coeur d'Alene. (Mesoproterozoic to Archean Basement Rocks).

Anorthosite. (Paleoproterozoic) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Metamorphosed anorthosite at Boehls Butte northeast of Elk River (~1787 Ma). Unit is in structural contact with overlying rocks of the Prichard Formation. (Mesoproterozoic to Archean Basement Rocks).

Landslide deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Unsorted gravel, sand, and clay of landslide origin; includes rotational and translational blocks and earth flows. (Quaternary Sediments).

Riggins Group, Orofino series, and related rocks. (Cretaceous to Permian) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Metasedimentary and metavolcanic schist, gneiss, amphibolite, and marble, all of uncertain age, along eastern margin of island-arc complex; typically hornblende-rich. Includes Pollock Mountain amphibolite southeast of Riggins and gneiss of Swiftwater Creek near Lowell. (Mesozoic-Paleozoic Rocks of the Blue Mountains Island-Arc Complex).

Quartz diorite. (Cretaceous and Jurassic) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Primarily quartz diorite, with subordinate diorite, gabbro, granite, and amphibolite; largely undeformed except near eastern part of Blue Mountains island-arc complex; wide age range (160-90 Ma). (Mesozoic-Paleozoic Rocks of the Blue Mountains Island-Arc Complex).

Tonalitic orthogneiss and foliated granodiorite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Orthogneiss (primarily tonalite) and foliated granodiorite (~90 to ~80 Ma). Includes early phases of the Idaho batholith, migmatite, intrusions along major structures, and plutonic rocks of uncertain age along the Salmon River northwest of Salmon. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Prichard Formation. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Siltite, quartzite, and argillite in northern Idaho; deposited in deep water and contains voluminous ~1470 Ma mafic sills. Includes siltite, quartzite, fine-grained schist, and carbonate rocks structurally above anorthosite near Boehls Butte, northeast of Elk River. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Challis Volcanic Group. (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Dacite, andesite, and rhyolite tuffs and flows and subordinate basalt and latite flows; covers large area in south-central Idaho. Includes Absaroka Volcanic Group near Henrys Lake and scattered volcanic rocks in eastern and northern Idaho. (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Upper Missoula Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Feldspathic quartzite and subordinate siltite and argillite. Includes Mount Shields, Bonner, Striped Peak, and Libby formations in northern Idaho and possibly correlative quartzite north of Salmon and in the Meadow Creek metamorphic sequence east of Elk City. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Plutonic rocks along the western Idaho shear zone. (Cretaceous and Jurassic) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Deformed granodiorite, tonalite, and quartz diorite; includes Little Goose Creek complex northwest of McCall dominated by porphyritic granodiorite (~105 Ma) and subordinate 160-87 Ma tonalite and quartz diorite. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Sedimentary rocks and sediments. (Oligocene and Eocene) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Fluvial and lacustrine deposits; includes conglomerate, sandstone, and shale near Salmon; Pass Creek Gravel, Wet Creek Gravel, and Donkey Fanglomerate north of Mackay; Medicine Lodge beds of southern Beaverhead Mountains; and isolated deposits in northern Idaho. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Alluvial deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Deposits in valleys consisting of gravel, sand, and silt. Includes younger terrace deposits. May contain some glacial deposits and colluvium in uplands. (Quaternary Sediments).

Glacial deposits. (Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Till and outwash consisting of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Formed by valley glaciers at higher elevations and by the Cordilleran ice sheet in northern Idaho. Includes deposits of several glacial episodes. Includes rock glacier deposits and some modern alluvium derived from reworked till and outwash. (Quaternary Sediments).

Granitic rock (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitic rock

Piegan Group: Helena and Wallace Formations (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Helena Formation (Yh): Northwestern Montana: (formerly “lower Wallace”): cycles of basal white quartzite or intraclast beds overlain by couplets of green siltite and argillite, capped by dolomite beds. Calcite pods and ribbons (molar tooth structure) common. West-central Montana: gray to dark gray limestone and dolomitic limestone with siltite partings. Thickness as much as 2,000 m (6,562). Wallace Formation: Tan-weathering, dolomitic quartzite and siltite, and black argillite with calcite ribbons (molar tooth structure) in graded pinch-and-swell couples and couplets. Thickness as much as 2,500 m (8,202 ft).

Lower Missoula Group: Shepard and Snowslip Formations; or Shepard Formation and unresolved Snowslip Formation equivalent (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Shepard Formation: Tan-weathering, dolomitic, green siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae. In the west formerly considered part of the “upperWallace.” Thickness as much as 1,100 m (3,609 ft). Snowslip Formation: Green and red siltite and argillite in couplets. Western Snowslip equivalent is black siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae, formerly considered part of the “upper Wallace.” A new name is under consideration for the western Snowslip equivalent. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft).

Tonalite and trondhjemite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Biotite- and hornblende-biotite tonalite and biotite-muscovite trondhjemite (120-110 Ma); rocks contain conspicuous magmatic epidote in plutons along eastern edge of arc complex. Includes tonalitic part of Hazard Creek complex northwest of McCall, Blacktail pluton southeast of Grangeville, and Sixmile Creek pluton southeast of Orofino. (Mesozoic-Paleozoic Rocks of the Blue Mountains Island-Arc Complex).

Volcanic rock: locally includes Challis Volcanics in southwestern Montana (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Volcanic rock; In southwestern Montana - Challis Volcanics: Basaltic andesite, andesite, quartz latite, latite, rhyodacite, and rhyolite flows, and tuff, most of which is nonporphyritic and commonly spherulitic; glassy to devitrified. Subordinate water-laid tuff.