Geologic units in Lemhi county, Idaho

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Lemhi Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 21 % of this area

Feldspathic fine-grained quartzite, siltite, and subordinate argillite and carbonate-bearing rocks in east-central Idaho; includes Apple Creek, West Fork, Inyo Creek, Big Creek, and Gunsight formations. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Challis Volcanic Group. (Eocene) at surface, covers 16 % of this area

Dacite, andesite, and rhyolite tuffs and flows and subordinate basalt and latite flows; covers large area in south-central Idaho. Includes Absaroka Volcanic Group near Henrys Lake and scattered volcanic rocks in eastern and northern Idaho. (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Alluvial-fan deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

Gravel and subordinate sand and silt deposited at mouths of canyons; largest fans are in Basin and Range Province in east-central and southeastern Idaho. (Quaternary Sediments).

Challis intrusive rocks. (Eocene) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

Shallow roots of Challis volcanic field. Older suite of granodiorite and quartz monzodiorite and subordinate diorite, granite, and subvolcanic dacite; includes Jackson Peak, Beaver Creek, Marsh Creek, and Summit Creek stocks (49-45 Ma). Younger suite of granite and minor syenite and subvolcanic rhyolite; includes Sawtooth, Casto, Bungalow, and Lolo Hot Springs plutons (47-43 Ma). (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Augen gneiss. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Biotite granite and granitic augen gneiss near Elk City and northwest of Salmon (~1380 Ma). Abundant alkali feldspar and high iron content indicate A-type granite composition. (Mesoproterozoic Intrusive Rocks).

Sedimentary rocks and sediments. (Oligocene and Eocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Fluvial and lacustrine deposits; includes conglomerate, sandstone, and shale near Salmon; Pass Creek Gravel, Wet Creek Gravel, and Donkey Fanglomerate north of Mackay; Medicine Lodge beds of southern Beaverhead Mountains; and isolated deposits in northern Idaho. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Swauger and Lawson Creek formations. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Quartzose medium- to coarse-grained quartzite of Swauger Formation and siltite and quartzite of overlying Lawson Creek Formation in east-central Idaho. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Gneissic and schistose metasedimentary rocks. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Biotite-rich paragneiss and schist, and subordinate feldspathic quartzite and calc-silicate rocks. Probably metamorphosed western facies of Lemhi subbasin. Characterized by igneous suite of Yam and Yag. Includes Elk City metamorphic sequence and metamorphic rocks east of Moscow, along Salmon River northwest of Salmon, and in Pioneer Mountains. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Alluvial deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Deposits in valleys consisting of gravel, sand, and silt. Includes younger terrace deposits. May contain some glacial deposits and colluvium in uplands. (Quaternary Sediments).

Sedimentary rocks (Devonian to Ordovician). (Devonian to Ordovician) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Marine dolostone and limestone and sandstone in east-central and southeastern Idaho (Summerhouse, Kinnikinic, and Swan Peak sandstones, Fish Haven, Laketown, Jefferson, Three Forks, and Darby formations) and deep-water carbonaceous mudrocks of Phi Kappa, Trail Creek, and Milligen formations east of Ketchum. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Sedimentary rocks (Mississippian). (Mississippian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Marine limestone of Mississippian carbonate banks and turbiditic sandstone, mudstone, and conglomerate of Antler flysch trough; includes Madison and Lodgepole formations and Chesterfield Range Group of southeastern Idaho; McGowan Creek Formation, White Knob Limestone, and overlying carbonate bank of Lost River Range; and Copper Basin Group of Pioneer Mountains. Includes poorly dated Salmon River assemblage east of Stanley, consisting of argillite, siltstone, calcareous sandstone, and limestone. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Glacial deposits. (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Till and outwash consisting of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Formed by valley glaciers at higher elevations and by the Cordilleran ice sheet in northern Idaho. Includes deposits of several glacial episodes. Includes rock glacier deposits and some modern alluvium derived from reworked till and outwash. (Quaternary Sediments).

Yellowjacket Formation. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Siltite, calc-silicate rocks, argillite, and rare marble in central Idaho; stratigraphically below the Hoodoo Quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Sedimentary rocks associated with Basin and Range extension. (Quaternary, Pliocene, and Miocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Fluvial, fan, and lacustrine deposits and intercalated volcanic rocks of the Basin and Range Province (~16-2 Ma); consolidated to weakly consolidated sandstone, siltstone, arkose, conglomerate, mudstone, tuffaceous sediment, basalt, basaltic tephra, and rhyolite tuff. Includes deposits of Lake Idaho (Idaho Group) in western Snake River Plain and Salt Lake Formation deposited in Basin and Range Province of east-central Idaho. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Hoodoo Quartzite and argillaceous quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Feldspathic fine-grained quartzite in central Idaho that is stratigraphically above the Yellowjacket Formation. Also includes argillaceous quartzite above the Hoodoo Quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Metasedimentary rocks. (Paleozoic to Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Quartzite, feldspathic quartzite, calc-silicate gneiss, biotite gneiss, schist, and amphibolite north and east of McCall and as pendants in the southern part of the Idaho batholith; schist, quartzite, and marble in southwestern Idaho; argillite, siltite, quartzite, carbonate bearing quartzite, dolomite, phyllite, and conglomerate of the Deer Trail Group in northwest corner of state; and quartzite, Hayden Creek diamictite, and siltite stratigraphically above(?) the Swauger Formation south of Salmon. (Metasedimentary Rocks of Uncertain Age (Neoproterozoic to Paleoproterozoic)).

Syenitic intrusive rocks. (Ordovician and Cambrian) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Syenite, quartz syenite, alkali-feldspar granite, and subordinate gabbro (500-485 Ma). Includes Beaverhead, Arnett Creek, Deep Creek, and Yellowjacket plutons southeast and west of Salmon. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Upper Missoula Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Feldspathic quartzite and subordinate siltite and argillite. Includes Mount Shields, Bonner, Striped Peak, and Libby formations in northern Idaho and possibly correlative quartzite north of Salmon and in the Meadow Creek metamorphic sequence east of Elk City. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Granodiorite and two-mica granite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Granodiorite and granite containing biotite, commonly with muscovite; includes bulk of Atlanta lobe (85-67 Ma) and isolated plutons in northern Idaho (107-67 Ma). (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Lower Missoula Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Siltite, argillite, and dolomitic siltite in northern Idaho; includes Snowslip and Shepard formations, rocks previously mapped as upper member of Wallace Formation, and correlative garnet-grade phyllite and schist south of St. Joe River. Also includes schist, micaceous quartzite, and calc-silicate rocks in lower part of Meadow Creek metamorphic sequence east of Elk City, and argillite, siltite, phyllite, and calc-silicate rocks south of Lost Trail Pass. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Sedimentary rocks (Permian and Pennsylvanian). (Permian and Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Marine phosphorite, shale, and chert of Phosphoria Formation, fine-grained sandstone and mudrock of Wells, Quadrant, Amsden, and Shedhorn formations, and fine-grained sandstone, carbonaceous mudstone, and limestone of the Snaky Canyon Formation and Sun Valley and Oquirrh groups. Located in south-central and eastern Idaho. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Amphibolite. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Amphibolite formed from metamorphism of mafic sills; includes rocks north- west of Salmon (~1380 Ma) and east of Elk City. (Mesoproterozoic Intrusive Rocks).

Tonalitic orthogneiss and foliated granodiorite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Orthogneiss (primarily tonalite) and foliated granodiorite (~90 to ~80 Ma). Includes early phases of the Idaho batholith, migmatite, intrusions along major structures, and plutonic rocks of uncertain age along the Salmon River northwest of Salmon. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Sedimentary rocks (Eocene). (Eocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Fluvial, lacustrine, and air-fall deposits of conglomerate, volcanic sandstone, mudstone, and tuff near Challis, conglomerate north of Sandpoint, and conglomerate and sandstone of the Wasatch Formation in extreme southeastern Idaho. (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Landslide deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Unsorted gravel, sand, and clay of landslide origin; includes rotational and translational blocks and earth flows. (Quaternary Sediments).

Sedimentary rocks (Triassic). (Triassic) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Red mudrock and fine-grained sandstone and marine limestone; includes Dinwoody, Woodside, Thaynes, and Ankareh formations in eastern Idaho thrust belt. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Sediments and sedimentary rocks (Pleistocene and Pliocene). (Pleistocene and Pliocene) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Older gravel, sand, and silt deposited in fans, streams, and lakes. Includes older terrace gravels and Tuana Gravel northwest of Twin Falls. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Windermere Supergroup. (Cambrian and Neoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Upper part consists of shallow marine and fluvial quartzose sandstone, and minor siltite, shale, and limestone of the Brigham Group of southeast Idaho, Wilbert Formation of east-central Idaho, and quartzites of unknown affinity west of Borah Peak. More highly metamorphosed equivalents are quartzite, metaconglomerate, metasiltite, calc-silicate marble, and schist of Gospel Peaks successions C and D in central Idaho; mature quartzite, biotite schist, and minor calc-silicate rocks of Syringa metamorphic sequence east of Moscow; and schist and quartzite in the Albion Range (Elba Quartzite, schist of Upper Narrows, quartzite of Yost, schist of Stevens Spring, quartzite of Clarks Basin, schist of Mahogany Peaks, and Harrison Summit Quartzite). Lower part consists of diamictite, immature sandstone, and bimodal volcanic rocks related to continental rifting. Includes Pocatello Formation (700-665 Ma), formation of Leaton Gulch near Challis, Shedroof Conglomerate in extreme northwest Idaho, and metamorphic equivalents (schist, marble, calc-silicate rocks, metaconglomerate, and ~686 Ma metavolcanic rocks) of Gospel Peaks successions A and B in central Idaho. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Metasedimentary rock: Variously assigned to the Swauger Formation, Yellowjacket Formation, Lemhi Group, and/or Belt Supergroup along southest Montana-Idaho border (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Beaverhead Mountains, southwestern Montana - Light gray quartzite with subordinate argillite, siltite, and calc-silicate rocks; unresolved unit that has been variously assigned to Yellowjacket Formation, Lemhi Group, Swauger Formation, or Belt Supergroup. Thickness as much as 2,700 m (8,858 ft).

Granitic rock (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitic rock

Missoula Group: Pilcher, Garnet Range, McNamara, Bonner, and Mount Shields Formations; and either Shepard and Snowslip Formations or Shepard Formation and unresolved Snowslip Formation equivalent (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Upper Missoula Group (Ymu) - Pilcher Formation: Light gray and red cross-bedded, feldspathic, fine grained quartzite. Garnet Range Formation: Dark green, micaceous, fine-grained quartzite with subordinate argillite interbeds. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft). McNamara Formation: Dense green and red siltite and argillite in mudcracked couplets containing diagnostic chert beds and rip-up clasts. Thickness as much as 1,650 m (5,413 ft). Bonner Formation: Pink, cross-bedded, feldspathic, medium- to coarse grained quartzite. Thickness as much as 580 m (1,903 ft). Mount Shields Formation: Upper part: red quartzite, siltite, and argillite in mud-cracked couples and couplets with abundant salt casts. Lower part: light gray, flat-laminated, feldspathic, fine-grained quartzite. Thickness as much as 2,000 m (6,562 ft). Lower Missoula Group (Yml) - Shepard Formation: Tan-weathering, dolomitic, green siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae. In the west formerly considered part of the “upperWallace.” Thickness as much as 1,100 m (3,609 ft). Snowslip Formation: Green and red siltite and argillite in couplets. Western Snowslip equivalent is black siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae, formerly considered part of the “upper Wallace.” A new name is under consideration for the western Snowslip equivalent. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft).

Sediment or sedimentary rock (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sediment or sedimentary rock (no unique unit description on map).

Volcanic rock: locally includes Challis Volcanics in southwestern Montana (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Volcanic rock; In southwestern Montana - Challis Volcanics: Basaltic andesite, andesite, quartz latite, latite, rhyodacite, and rhyolite flows, and tuff, most of which is nonporphyritic and commonly spherulitic; glassy to devitrified. Subordinate water-laid tuff.

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss

Amphibolite (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Amphibolite

Augen gneiss (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Augen gneiss

Snowcrest Range and Madison Groups; or Snowcrest Range and Tendoy Groups; or Surret Canyon through McGowan Creek Formation: Surrett Canyon, South Creek, Scott Peak, Middle Canyon, and McGowan Creek Formations (Pennsylvanian and Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Surrett Canyon Formation: Dark gray, massive limestone with much scattered white bioclastic debris. Marine. Thickness at type section 67 m (220 ft). South Creek Formation: Dark gray, thin-bedded, chert bearing limestone that alternates with dark gray, argillaceous limestone. Marine. Thickness at type section 91 m (300 ft). Scott Peak Formation (Msp): Dark gray, chert-bearing, fine grained limestone interbedded with subordinate light brown, calcareous, quartzose siltstone to fine sandstone. Marine. Thickness at type section 685 m (2,247 ft). Middle Canyon Formation (Mmd): Dark gray, silty limestone with chert beds and nodules. Shallow marine. Thickness at type section 335 m (1,100 ft). McGowan Creek Formation: Upper part: dark gray and pale yellowish brown, thin-bedded, calcareous siltstone interbedded with dark gray, silty limestone. Lower part: dark gray, carbonaceous, thin-bedded argillite with interbeds of dark gray siltite, medium gray, fine-grained, conglomeratic sandstone and quartzite, and dark gray, silty limestone. Marine. Thickness as much as 61 m (200 ft).

Scott Peak Formation (Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark gray, chert-bearing, fine grained limestone interbedded with subordinate light brown, calcareous, quartzose siltstone to fine sandstone. Marine. Thickness at type section 685 m (2,247 ft).

Metamorphic rocks. (Paleoproterozoic and Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Pend Oreille granodiorite gneiss near Priest River (~2650 Ma); schist, gneiss, and subordinate quartzite along North Fork Clearwater River; Kelly Creek granite gneiss northeast of Pierce (~2670 Ma); orthogneiss in Pioneer Mountains (~2600 Ma and 695 Ma); granite gneiss, granite, schist, and amphibolite of Green Creek complex in Albion Mountains (~2600 Ma); granite gneiss in Beaverhead Mountains east of Leadore (~2450 Ma); and marble, quartzite, schist, and amphibolite of uncertain age near Henrys Lake. (Mesoproterozoic to Archean Basement Rocks).

Granitic rock (Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitic rock

Middle Canyon Formation (Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark gray, silty limestone with chert beds and nodules. Shallow marine. Thickness at type section 335 m (1,100 ft).

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss (Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss (Lower Proterozoic or Archean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Quartzofeldspathic gneiss

Glacial deposit (Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dominantly till, outwash, and local glacial lake deposits. Shown only in western and south-central Montana. Laurentide glacial deposits are indicated with a map pattern.

Rhyolite (Pliocene and Miocene). (Pliocene and Miocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Rhyolite tuffs and flows of Heise volcanic field (6.6-4.5 Ma; includes Blacktail Creek, Walcott, Conant Creek, and Kilgore tuffs), and rhyolite domes and flows of Magic Reservoir area (6.6-3 Ma). (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Volcanic and Intrusive Rocks).

Kinnikinic Formation (Ordovician) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Very light gray, massive quartzite with local lenses of dolomite and dolomitic shale. Marine shelf. Thickness as much as 245 m (804 ft).