Geologic units in Valley county, Idaho

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Granodiorite and two-mica granite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 54 % of this area

Granodiorite and granite containing biotite, commonly with muscovite; includes bulk of Atlanta lobe (85-67 Ma) and isolated plutons in northern Idaho (107-67 Ma). (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Challis Volcanic Group. (Eocene) at surface, covers 12 % of this area

Dacite, andesite, and rhyolite tuffs and flows and subordinate basalt and latite flows; covers large area in south-central Idaho. Includes Absaroka Volcanic Group near Henrys Lake and scattered volcanic rocks in eastern and northern Idaho. (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Tonalite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

Tonalite, granodiorite, and quartz diorite, typically hornblende-bearing; includes the Payette River tonalite (~90 Ma) along western border zone of the Atlanta lobe, and the ~99 Ma Croesus pyroxene-biotite quartz diorite south of Hailey. Also includes granodiorite with potassium feldspar megacrysts that is typically hornblende-bearing and foliated (~90 Ma in central Idaho and ~100 Ma in northernmost Idaho) and early mafic phases of the Bitterroot lobe (~70 Ma). (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Glacial deposits. (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Till and outwash consisting of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Formed by valley glaciers at higher elevations and by the Cordilleran ice sheet in northern Idaho. Includes deposits of several glacial episodes. Includes rock glacier deposits and some modern alluvium derived from reworked till and outwash. (Quaternary Sediments).

Challis intrusive rocks. (Eocene) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Shallow roots of Challis volcanic field. Older suite of granodiorite and quartz monzodiorite and subordinate diorite, granite, and subvolcanic dacite; includes Jackson Peak, Beaver Creek, Marsh Creek, and Summit Creek stocks (49-45 Ma). Younger suite of granite and minor syenite and subvolcanic rhyolite; includes Sawtooth, Casto, Bungalow, and Lolo Hot Springs plutons (47-43 Ma). (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Alluvial deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Deposits in valleys consisting of gravel, sand, and silt. Includes younger terrace deposits. May contain some glacial deposits and colluvium in uplands. (Quaternary Sediments).

Windermere Supergroup. (Cambrian and Neoproterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Upper part consists of shallow marine and fluvial quartzose sandstone, and minor siltite, shale, and limestone of the Brigham Group of southeast Idaho, Wilbert Formation of east-central Idaho, and quartzites of unknown affinity west of Borah Peak. More highly metamorphosed equivalents are quartzite, metaconglomerate, metasiltite, calc-silicate marble, and schist of Gospel Peaks successions C and D in central Idaho; mature quartzite, biotite schist, and minor calc-silicate rocks of Syringa metamorphic sequence east of Moscow; and schist and quartzite in the Albion Range (Elba Quartzite, schist of Upper Narrows, quartzite of Yost, schist of Stevens Spring, quartzite of Clarks Basin, schist of Mahogany Peaks, and Harrison Summit Quartzite). Lower part consists of diamictite, immature sandstone, and bimodal volcanic rocks related to continental rifting. Includes Pocatello Formation (700-665 Ma), formation of Leaton Gulch near Challis, Shedroof Conglomerate in extreme northwest Idaho, and metamorphic equivalents (schist, marble, calc-silicate rocks, metaconglomerate, and ~686 Ma metavolcanic rocks) of Gospel Peaks successions A and B in central Idaho. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Lemhi Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Feldspathic fine-grained quartzite, siltite, and subordinate argillite and carbonate-bearing rocks in east-central Idaho; includes Apple Creek, West Fork, Inyo Creek, Big Creek, and Gunsight formations. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Intrusive rocks (Neoproterozoic). (Neoproterozoic) at surface, covers 1.0 % of this area

Syenite and diorite of the Acorn Butte, Ramey Ridge, and Rush Creek stocks along Big Creek northeast of McCall (665-650 Ma), and ~726 Ma granitic gneiss in lower part of House Mountain metamorphic complex southeast of Boise. A 695 Ma orthogneiss in the Pioneer Mountains is too small to show at map scale and is included in XAm. (Paleocene to Neoproterozoic Sedimentary and Igneous Rocks of the Cordilleran System).

Yellowjacket Formation. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Siltite, calc-silicate rocks, argillite, and rare marble in central Idaho; stratigraphically below the Hoodoo Quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Metasedimentary rocks. (Paleozoic to Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Quartzite, feldspathic quartzite, calc-silicate gneiss, biotite gneiss, schist, and amphibolite north and east of McCall and as pendants in the southern part of the Idaho batholith; schist, quartzite, and marble in southwestern Idaho; argillite, siltite, quartzite, carbonate bearing quartzite, dolomite, phyllite, and conglomerate of the Deer Trail Group in northwest corner of state; and quartzite, Hayden Creek diamictite, and siltite stratigraphically above(?) the Swauger Formation south of Salmon. (Metasedimentary Rocks of Uncertain Age (Neoproterozoic to Paleoproterozoic)).

Columbia River Basalt Group. (Miocene) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Large-volume lava flows of tholeiitic basalt, basaltic andesite, and subordinate andesite in western Idaho; consists of Imnaha Basalt (17.5-16.5 Ma), Grande Ronde Basalt (16.5-15.6 Ma), Wanapum Basalt (15.6-14.5 Ma), and Saddle Mountains Basalt (14.5-6 Ma). Includes porphyritic basalt and basaltic andesite in western Owyhee County. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Volcanic and Intrusive Rocks).

Hoodoo Quartzite and argillaceous quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Feldspathic fine-grained quartzite in central Idaho that is stratigraphically above the Yellowjacket Formation. Also includes argillaceous quartzite above the Hoodoo Quartzite. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Plutonic rocks along the western Idaho shear zone. (Cretaceous and Jurassic) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Deformed granodiorite, tonalite, and quartz diorite; includes Little Goose Creek complex northwest of McCall dominated by porphyritic granodiorite (~105 Ma) and subordinate 160-87 Ma tonalite and quartz diorite. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Tonalitic orthogneiss and foliated granodiorite. (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Orthogneiss (primarily tonalite) and foliated granodiorite (~90 to ~80 Ma). Includes early phases of the Idaho batholith, migmatite, intrusions along major structures, and plutonic rocks of uncertain age along the Salmon River northwest of Salmon. (Paleocene and Cretaceous Idaho Batholith and Older Cretaceous and Jurassic Intrusive Rocks).

Gneissic and schistose metasedimentary rocks. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Biotite-rich paragneiss and schist, and subordinate feldspathic quartzite and calc-silicate rocks. Probably metamorphosed western facies of Lemhi subbasin. Characterized by igneous suite of Yam and Yag. Includes Elk City metamorphic sequence and metamorphic rocks east of Moscow, along Salmon River northwest of Salmon, and in Pioneer Mountains. (Mesoproterozoic Metasedimentary Rocks of Lemhi Subbasin of Belt Basin).

Alluvial-fan deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gravel and subordinate sand and silt deposited at mouths of canyons; largest fans are in Basin and Range Province in east-central and southeastern Idaho. (Quaternary Sediments).

Sedimentary rocks associated with flood basalts. (Miocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Fluvial and lacustrine deposits associated with Columbia River Basalt Group and equivalent basalts (17-8 Ma); consolidated to weakly consolidated sandstone, siltstone, arkose, conglomerate, claystone, and tuffaceous sediment; subordinate intercalated basalt and rhyolitic tuff. Includes Payette and Sucker Creek formations in southwestern Idaho, sediments associated with basalt of Weiser in western Idaho, and Latah Formation in northern Idaho. Includes sedimentary rocks of uncertain origin in southwest corner of Idaho. (Quaternary to Eocene Continental Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks).

Landslide deposits. (Quaternary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Unsorted gravel, sand, and clay of landslide origin; includes rotational and translational blocks and earth flows. (Quaternary Sediments).