Geologic units in Mercer county, Illinois

Tradewater Formation (Pennsylvanian (Bashkirian to Moscovian)) at surface, covers 69 % of this area

Tradewater Formation

Muscatatuck Group (Middle Devonian (Eifelian to Givetian)) at surface, covers 16 % of this area

Muscatatuck Group, includes Grand Tower Limestone and St. Laurent (Alto and Lingle) Formation in southern Illinois; includes Detroit River Formation, Wapsipinicon Limestone, and Cedar Valley Limestone in northern and western Illinois.

New Albany Shale, Blocher Shale, Sylamore Sandstone, Selmier Shale, Sweetland Creek Shale, Grassy Creek Shale, Saverton Shale, and Louisiana Limestone (Middle Devonian (Givetian) to Upper Devonian (Fammenian)) at surface, covers 10 % of this area

New Albany Shale, Blocher Shale, Sylamore Sandstone, Selmier Shale, Sweetland Creek Shale, Grassy Creek Shale, Saverton Shale, and Louisiana Limestone.

Caseyville Formation (Pennsylvanian (Bashkirian)) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Caseyville Formation

Carbondale Formation (Pennsylvanian (Moscovian to Kasimovian)) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Carbondale Formation.

Cedar Valley Group (Middle-Upper Devonian, middle Givetian-middle Frasnian) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Interval includes Little Cedar, Coralville, Lithograph City, and Shell Rock formations; Shell Rock Fm in northern Iowa only. Primary Lithologies: limestone, fossiliferous, variably argillaceous, part biostromal; dolomite, part fossil-moldic to vuggy, variably argillaceous. Secondary Lithologies: limestone, dense, “sublithographic”; dolomite/limestone breccia (evaporite collapse); limestone, sparse to unfossiliferous, argillaceous to shaly; shale, gray to green-gray, dolomitic. Minor: anhydrite/gypsum (outcrop belt only in Grundy, Tama, Poweshiek counties; extensive in subsurface of central and southern Iowa); chert; glauconite; sandy limestone/sandstone. Maximum thicknesses in outcrop belt: southeast Iowa, 80-135 ft (24-41 m); east-central Iowa 130-210 ft (40-64 m); northern Iowa 250-350 ft (76-107 m). Cedar Valley Group thins and is overstepped by Dl westward in Winnebago County.