Geologic units in Page county, Iowa

Wabaunsee Group (Upper Pennsylvanian, middle-upper Virgilian) at surface, covers 81 % of this area

Interval includes Howard, White Cloud, Scranton, Bern, Auburn, Emporia, Willard, Zeandale, Pillsbury, Stotler, Root formations. Primary Lithologies: shale, light to dark gray; mudstone, gray, part laminated silty to sandy. Secondary Lithologies: limestone, fossiliferous, part coated grain/Osagia; pedogenic mudstone, part red to maroon, part calcareous/nodular; siltstone to very fine sandstone. Minor: black shale; coal. Maximum thickness 320 ft (98 m) in Fremont County.

Shawnee Group (Upper Pennsylvanian, lower-middle Virgilian) at surface, covers 16 % of this area

Interval includes Oread, Kanwaka, Lecompton, Tecumseh, Deer Creek, Calhoun, Topeka formations. Primary Lithologies: limestone, fossiliferous, part coated grain/Osagia; shale/mudstone, light to dark gray. Secondary Lithologies: pedogenic mudstone, part calcareous/nodular; siltstone to very fine sandstone; black shale, phosphatic. Minor: chert; coal, coaly shale; red-brown mudstone. Maximum thicknesses 190-220 ft (58-67 m).

Dakata and Windrow Formations (“Mid” Cretaceous; upper Albian-upper Cenomanian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Dakota Formation widespread in western Iowa, lower sandstone-dominated Nishnabotna Member, upper mudstone/shale-dominated Woodbury Member. Correlative Windrow Formation found as erosional outliers in northeastern and north-central Iowa. Primary lithologies: sandstone, quartzose, very fine to medium grained; mudstone/shale, light to dark gray, variably silty-sandy, noncalcareous (Woodbury Mbr.). Secondary lithologies: sandstone, medium to very coarse grained, part pebbly to gravelly, locally cemented by iron oxides (Nishnabotna Mbr., Windrow Fm.), gravel, quartz and chert clasts; siltstone; mudstone, red, pink, yellow-brown, black (carbonaceous). Minor: lignite; siderite (concretions, pedogenic sphaerosiderite pellets, cemented siltstone); massive iron ore, silty to sandy (Windrow Fm.). Maximum thickness Dakota Fm. 500 ft (150 m), commonly 100-300 ft (30-90 m); Windrow Fm. 40 ft (12 m).

Shawnee Group (Late Pennsylvanian-Upper Series-Virgilian Stage) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Cyclic deposits, limestone and shale with sandstone and siltstone.

Wabaunsee Group (Late Pennsylvanian-Upper Series-Virgilian Stage) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Cyclic deposits, principally shale, sitlstone, sandstone with thin limestone beds and minor coal.