Geologic units in Cloud county, Kansas

Loess (Holocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers 33 % of this area

eolian silts

Dakota Formation (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 27 % of this area

White, gray, red, brown and tan kaolinitic claystone, mudstone, shale and siltstone interbedded with grayish to yellowish brown thick lenticular sandstone beds. It also contains lignite and sandstone is commonly well cemented with iron oxide and calcite.

Greenhorn Limestone and Graneros Shale (Late Cretaceous) at surface, covers 21 % of this area

Greenhorn FM- thin bedded gray, chalky limestone and calcareous shale. Graneros Shale- fissile, noncalcareous, gray shale locally contains sandstone and siltstone beds.

Alluvium (Holocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers 19 % of this area

unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel

Kiowa Shale and Cheyenne Sandstone (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Kiowa Shale or FM- light -gray to black illitic shale with thin coquinoidal limestone beds at the base; sandstone lenses common. Cheyenne Sandstone- massive to crossbedded, light-gray to buff fine-grained sandstone with lenses of gray sandy shale and conglomerate.

Dune Sand (Holocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

unconsolidated dune sand