Geologic units in Leavenworth county, Kansas

Douglas Group (Late Pennsylvanian- Virgilian) at surface, covers 34 % of this area

Lawrence FM (base LA)- mostly gray shale and sandstone with minor red shale, coal, gray limestone and conglomerate, thickness ranges from 140ft to 250 ft. Stranger FM- five members containing sandstone, shale, and minor limestone, coal and conglomerate ranging from 100 ft. to 180 ft. thickness.

Shawnee Group (Late Pennsylvanian- Virgilian) at surface, covers 23 % of this area

Includes: Topeka Limestone, Calhoun Shale, Deer Creek Limestone (base DC), Tecumseh Shale, Lecompton Limestone (base LC), Kanwaka Shale, Oread Limestone with Plattsmouth Limestone Member (base PL).

Drift (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 21 % of this area

sand, silt, clay, and some gravel

Alluvium (Holocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers 14 % of this area

unconsolidated sand, silt, clay, and gravel

Lansing Group (Middle Pennsylvanian- Missourian) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Stanton Limestone- three limestone and two shales members, ranges from 15 to 130 ft. thick. Vilas Shale- sandy, carbonaceous gray shale with some sandstone and limestone locally, ranges from 5 to 120 ft. thick. Plattsburg Limestone- two limestone members seperated by shale, ranging from 25 to 115 ft. thick.

Kansas City Group (Middle Pennsylvanian- Missourian) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Includes: Lane Shale,Wyandotte Limestone (base WY), Liberty Memorial Shale, Iola Limestone (base I), Chanute Shale (base CH), Dewey Limestone, Nellie Bly FM, Cherryvale FM, Dennis Limestone (base DN), Galeburg Shale, Mound Valley Limestone, Ladore Shale, Swope Limestone (base SW), Elm Branch Shale, Hertha Limestone.

Loess (Holocene to Pleistocene) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

eolian silts

Alluvium (Tertiary) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

largely chert gravel

Holocene series (Quaternary-Holocene Series) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Alluvium - clay, silt, sand, and gravel.