Muscovite-chlorite-albite schist, muscovite-chlorite schist, chloritoid schist, and quartzite; intensely folded and cleaved.
Ijamsville Formation - Blue, green, or purple phyllite and phyllitic slate, with interbedded metasiltstone and metagraywacke; flattened pumiceous blebs occur locally; and Marburg Schist - Bluish-gray to silvery-green, fine-grained, muscovite-chlorite-albite-quartz schist; intensely cleaved and closely folded; contains interbedded quartzites.
(Formerly mapped as oligoclase facies of Wissahickon Formation.) Medium- to coarse-grained biotite-oligoclase-muscovite-quartz schist with garnet, staurolite, and kyanite; fine- to medium-grained semipelitic schist; and fine-grained granular to weakly schistose psammitic granulite; psammitic beds increase upward; apparent thickness 5,500 feet or more.
Red, maroon, and gray sandstone, siltstone, and shale; basal conglomerate member: From vicinity of Maryland Rte. 73 and southward, limestone conglomerate with red and gray calcareous matrix; northward, quartz conglomerate with red sandy matrix; estimated total thickness 4,5000 feet.
(Formerly mapped as Sykesville and Laurel Formations.) Thick-bedded to massive, pebble- and boulder-bearing, arenaceous to pelitic metamorphic rock; typically a medium-grained, garnet-oligoclase-mica-quartz gneiss; locally an intensely foliated gneiss or schist; apparent thickness 15,000 feet.
Ranges from weakly foliated quartz diorite to strongly gneissic and schistose rock with recrystallized textures; more massive rocks have igneous textures; age 510 +/- 10 m.y. * by radiogenic dating.
Moderately to strongly deformed; igneous textures generally destroyed; composition ranges from quartz diorite to granodiorite; comprises thin concordant sheets or wedges localized along plunging crest of Baltimore anticlinorium.
Potomac Group - Interbedded quartzose gravels; protoquartzitic to orthoquartzitic argillaceous sands; and white, dark gray, and multicolored silts and clays; thickness 0 to 800 feet. Includes Raritan and Patapsco Formations - Gray, brown, and red variegated silts and clays; lenticular, cross-bedded, argillaceous, subrounded sands; minor gravels; thickness 0 to 400 feet; Arundel Clay - Dark gray and maroon lignitic clays; abundant siderite concretions; present only in Baltimore-Washington area; thickness 0 to 100 feet; and Patuxent Formation - White or light gray to orange-brown, moderately sorted, cross-bedded, argillaceous, angular sands and subrounded quartz gravels; silts and clays subordinate, predominantly pale gray; thickness 0 to 250 feet.
Poorly exposed complex of tonalite, dark quartz diorite, gabbro, amphibolite, and undifferentiated basic rocks.
Chiefly serpentinite with partly to completely altered dunite, peridotite, pyroxenite, and massive to schistose soapstone; talc-carbonate rock and altered gabbro are common in some bodies.
Dark gray to green sericite-chlorite phyllite, metasiltstone, and quartzite; thin lenses of impure marble and calcareous phyllite occur locally.
Sills: Greenish-gray to black, medium-grained; dikes: Greenish-gray to black, medium- to dine-grained; local contact metamorphic aureoles.
Bluish-gray to silvery-green, fine-grained, muscovite-chlorite-albite-quartz schist; intensely cleaved and closely folded; contains interbedded quartzites.
(Formerly mapped as Peters Creek Formation.) Rhythmically interbedded chlorite-muscovite meta-graywacke and fine-grained chlorite-muscovite schist; graded bedding locally preserved; thickness probably 2,000 to 3,000 feet.
Massive white quartzite interbedded with softer sericitic quartzite, slate, and phyllite.
(Formerly mapped as albite facies of Wissahickon Formation.) Albite-chlorite-muscovite-quartz schist with sporadic thin beds of laminated micaceous quartzite; coarsens from west to east; primary sedimentary structures include normal bedding, graded bedding, and soft-sediment deformational structures; apparent thickness 14,000 feet or more.
Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Medium- to coarse-grained sand and gravel; cobbles and boulders near base; commonly contains reworked Eocene glauconite; varicolored silts and clays; brown to dark gray lignitic silty clay; contains estuarine to marine fauna in some areas (includes in part Pamlico, Talbot, Wicomico and Sunderland Formations of earlier reports); thickness 0 to 150 feet.
Fine- to coarse-grained, reddish-brown to gray, primary bedding features such as cross-beds, channel lags, and ripple marks , minor conglomerate, siltstone, and shale beds.
Metagraywacke, light- to medium-gray, yellowish- to red dish-brown-weathering, fine- to medium-grained, generally well-bedded, and lesser semi-pelitic schist; contains interbedded quartzose schist and some calc-silicate rock; mineral assemblages as in schist (CZms). Beds range from about 3 cm to 3 m, averaging about 20 cm; graded bedding, sole marks, and slump features are abundant. Mather Gorge is unconformable beneath Popes Head Formation, which is intruded by Occoquan Granite; includes rocks previously mapped in northern Virginia as Peters Creek Schist.
Blue, green, or purple phyllite and phyllitic slate, with interbedded metasiltstone and metagraywacke; flattened pumiceous blebs occur locally.