Geologic units in Kemper county, Mississippi

Wilcox formation (Eocene) at surface, covers 51 % of this area

Irregularly bedded fine to coarse sand, more or less lignitic clay and lignite; includes bauxite bearing Fearn Springs sand member at base.

Porters Creek formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers 28 % of this area

(Midway group), Dark-gray clay, north of Clay County contains slightly glauconitic, micaceous sand lenses.

Naheola formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers 9 % of this area

(Midway group), Fine to coarse micaceous sand, kaolin, and bauxitic clay.

Clayton formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

(Midway group), Upper part, greenish-gray coarsely glauconitic sandy clay and marl; lower part, crystalline sandy limestone and loose sand, represented south of Houston by a discontinuous bed of indurated calcareous sandstone.

Ripley formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

(Selma group), Gray to greenish-gray fine glauconitic sand, clay, and sandy limestone; south of Oktibbeha County is very sandy micaceous chalk.

Demopolis chalk (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

(Selma group), Chalk and marly chalk containing fewer impurities than underlying and overlying formations.

Prairie Bluff chalk and Owl Creek formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

(Selma group), Prairie Bluff chalk, compact brittle chalk, sandy chalk, and calcareous clay; at base contains many phosphatic molds of fossils; in Ponotoc and Union Counties merges northward into Owl Creek formation, tough blue glauconitic sandy clay.

Selma Group; Demopolis Chalk (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Light-gray to medium-light-gray compact, brittle chalk overlain by abundantly fossiliferous chalky marl, very clayey chalk, and calcareous clay (Bluffport Marl Member). In south-central Montgomery County the Demopolis is split into two eastward extending tongues by a westward-extending tongue of the Cusseta Sand Member of the Ripley Formation. The lower tongue is pale-olive to yellowish-gray silty to finely sand, micaceous, fossiliferous chalk that eastward becomes more sandy and merges with the Cusseta in central Bullock County. The upper tongue is yellowish-gray clayey, very finely sandy, micaceous chalk that merges with the Ripley in southeastern Montgomery County.

Midway Group; Porters Creek Formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark-gray massive plastic clay in western AL with a thin bed of glauconitic shell marl at the top (Mathews Landing Marl Member). Becomes calcareous eastward grading into light-greenish-gray calcareous, micaceous, clayey fine to medium sand, medium-gray sandy, calcareous clay and white to light-gray thin bedded partly clayey, fossiliferous limestone. East of Crenshaw County, owing to lithologic similarity, beds correlative with the Porters Creek are included in the Clayton Formation.

Alluvial, coastal and low terrace deposits (Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Varicolored fine to coarse quartz sand containing clay lenses and gravel in places. Gravel composed of quartz and chert pebbles and assorted metmorphic and igneous rock fragments in streams near the Piedmont. In areas of the Valley and Ridge province gravel composed of angular to subrounded chert, quartz, and quartzite pebbles. Coastal deposits include fine to medium quartz sand with shell fragments and accessory heavy minerals along Gulf beaches and fine to medium quartz sand, silt, clay, peat, mud and ooze in the Mississippi Sound, Little Lagoon, bays, lakes, streams, and estuaries.

Selma Group; Prairie Bluff Chalk (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Very light-gray to light-bluish-gray firm sandy, fossiliferous brittle chalk and grayish-black silty sandy calcareous glauconitic, fossiliferous clay; semi-indurated beds of sandy, clayey limestone are present in some exposures. Abscent locally in parts of Marengo, Dallas and Wilcox Counties where overlapped by the Clayton Formation or eroded. The Prairie Bluff thins eastward from southwestern Lowndes County to northern Pike County where it interfingers with the Providence Sand.

Midway Group; Naheola Formation (Paleocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

The Naheola Formation is restricted to western AL and pinches out in western Butler County. Descriptions of the members of the formation follow in descending order. Coal Bluff Marl Member - glauconitic sand, thin-bedded silty clay, and sandy fossiliferous marl; Oak Hill Member - laminated silt, clay, and fine sand; contains a prominent bed of lignite near the top. The Coal Bluff Marl Member in Sumter County and in parts of Marengo County is mostly cross-bedded fine to coarse sand that is indistinguishable from the overlying lower beds of the Nanafalia Formation. Therefore, in these areas, the contact between the two is mapped at the top of the Oak Hill Member of the Naheola.