Geologic units in Mineral county, Montana

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Piegan Group: Helena and Wallace Formations (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers 43 % of this area

Helena Formation (Yh): Northwestern Montana: (formerly “lower Wallace”): cycles of basal white quartzite or intraclast beds overlain by couplets of green siltite and argillite, capped by dolomite beds. Calcite pods and ribbons (molar tooth structure) common. West-central Montana: gray to dark gray limestone and dolomitic limestone with siltite partings. Thickness as much as 2,000 m (6,562). Wallace Formation: Tan-weathering, dolomitic quartzite and siltite, and black argillite with calcite ribbons (molar tooth structure) in graded pinch-and-swell couples and couplets. Thickness as much as 2,500 m (8,202 ft).

Ravalli Group: St. Regis, Revett, and Burke Formations; or Empire and Grinnell Formations; or Empire and Spokane Formations (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers 23 % of this area

St. Regis Formation: Green and purplish gray quartzite, siltite, and argillite in mud-cracked couples and couplets. Thickness as much as 900 m (2,953 ft). Revett Formation: Light gray, cross-bedded, felspathic, fine-grained quartzite. Thickness as much as 900 m (2,953 ft). Burke Formation: Gray or purple quartzite, siltite, and argillite in mud-cracked couples and couplets. Thickness as much as 1,000 m (3,281 ft). Empire Formation (Ye): Grayish green and pale olive gray argillite and siltite with subordinate thin beds of quartzite and sandy limestone. Thickness as much as 610 m. Grinnell Formation: White, cross-bedded sandstone or quartzite with red to purple siltite and argillite beds. Thickness as much as 1,160 m (3,806 ft). Spokane Formation (Ysp): Red siltite and argillite in mudcracked couplets. Thickness as much as 1,500 m (492 ft).

Upper Missoula Group: McNamara, Bonner, and Mount Shields Formations; locally includes lower Libby Formation in northwestern Montana (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers 20 % of this area

McNamara Formation: Dense green and red siltite and argillite in mudcracked couplets containing diagnostic chert beds and rip-up clasts. Thickness as much as 1,650 m (5,413 ft). Bonner Formation: Pink, cross-bedded, feldspathic, medium- to coarse grained quartzite. Thickness as much as 580 m (1,903 ft). Mount Shields Formation: Upper part: red quartzite, siltite, and argillite in mud-cracked couples and couplets with abundant salt casts. Lower part: light gray, flat-laminated, feldspathic, fine-grained quartzite. Thickness as much as 2,000 m (6,562 ft). In northwestern Montana - Libby Formation:Light to dark gray and greenish gray siltite and argillite with subordinate quartzite in mud-cracked couplets. Thickness as much as 2,300 m (7,546 ft).

Lower Missoula Group: Shepard and Snowslip Formations; or Shepard Formation and unresolved Snowslip Formation equivalent (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Shepard Formation: Tan-weathering, dolomitic, green siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae. In the west formerly considered part of the “upperWallace.” Thickness as much as 1,100 m (3,609 ft). Snowslip Formation: Green and red siltite and argillite in couplets. Western Snowslip equivalent is black siltite and argillite in couplets and microlaminae, formerly considered part of the “upper Wallace.” A new name is under consideration for the western Snowslip equivalent. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft).

Gravel (Quaternary) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Variable deposits that range from pebble to boulder size and include sand, silt, and clay. Dominantly alluvial terrace, abandoned channel and floodplain, remnant alluvial fan, and local glacial outwash.

Garnet Range Formation: locally includes upper Libby Formation and Pilcher Formation in northwestern Montana (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Dark green, micaceous, fine-grained quartzite with subordinate argillite interbeds. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft). In northwestern Montana - Libby Formation: Light to dark gray and greenish gray siltite and argillite with subordinate quartzite in mud-cracked couplets. Thickness as much as 2,300 m (7,546 ft). Pilcher Formation: Light gray and red cross-bedded, feldspathic, fine grained quartzite. Garnet Range Formation: Dark green, micaceous, fine-grained quartzite with subordinate argillite interbeds. Thickness as much as 1,200 m (3,937 ft).

Sediment or sedimentary rock (Tertiary) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Sediment or sedimentary rock (no unique unit description on map).

Granitic rock (Tertiary) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Granitic rock

Glacial lake deposit (Quaternary) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Light brown laminated silt, fine-grained sand, and clay. Shown only in northwestern and central-western Montana.

Red Lion through Flathead Formation: Red Lion, Pilgrim, Park, Meagher, Wolsey, and Flathead Formations; or Red Lion, Hasmark, Silver Hill, and Flathead Formations (Cambrian) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Red Lion Formation: Gray limestone with siliceous lamina and black calcareous shale interbedded with thin limestone. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 115 m (377 ft). Pilgrim Formation: Gray, commonly mottled limestone that may contain intraformational limestone conglomerate. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 180 m (590 ft). Park Formation: Grayish green, fissile, micaceous shale with a few thin beds of calcareous sandstone and thin, gray limestone. Local arkose beds. Offshore marine. Thickness as much as 310 m (1,017 ft). Meagher Formation: Gray to bluish gray limestone and dolomitic limestone, locally mottled and with intraformational conglomerate beds. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 300 m (984 ft). Wolsey Formation (CAw): Dark green and purplish gray fissile, micaceous shale, thin glauconitic limestone beds and thin, fine-grained sandstone beds. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 145 m (476 ft). Flathead Formation (CAf): Pinkish gray to light gray sandstone or quartzite. Locally very glauconitic, pebbly, arkosic, or iron-stained. Marine shoreface. Thickness as much as 100 m (328 ft). Hasmark Formation: Light gray or bluish gray limestone and dark-gray calcareous shale. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 560 m (1,823 ft). Silver Hill Formation: Brown, green, and very light gray banded calcareous shale interbedded with laminated limestone. Shallow marine. Thickness as much as 120 m (394 ft).

Piegan Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Calcareous and dolomitic siltite, quartzite, and subordinate argillite of the Helena and Wallace formations in northern Idaho; south of St. Joe River, correlative rocks include garnet grade feldspathic quartzite and calc-silicate gneiss. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Granitic rock (Tertiary or Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitic rock

Diorite (Tertiary or Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Diorite

Volcanic rock: locally includes Challis Volcanics in southwestern Montana (Tertiary) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Volcanic rock; In southwestern Montana - Challis Volcanics: Basaltic andesite, andesite, quartz latite, latite, rhyodacite, and rhyolite flows, and tuff, most of which is nonporphyritic and commonly spherulitic; glassy to devitrified. Subordinate water-laid tuff.

Lower Greyson Formation (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Greenish gray siltite and dark gray argillite with interbedded bands of light brown, sandy argillite and feldspathic quartzite. Thickness as much as 915 m (3,000 ft).

Ravalli Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Feldspathic quartzite and subordinate siltite and argillite of the Burke, Revett, and St. Regis formations in northern Idaho; south of St. Joe River, includes correlative garnet-grade quartzite and schist. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Challis intrusive rocks. (Eocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Shallow roots of Challis volcanic field. Older suite of granodiorite and quartz monzodiorite and subordinate diorite, granite, and subvolcanic dacite; includes Jackson Peak, Beaver Creek, Marsh Creek, and Summit Creek stocks (49-45 Ma). Younger suite of granite and minor syenite and subvolcanic rhyolite; includes Sawtooth, Casto, Bungalow, and Lolo Hot Springs plutons (47-43 Ma). (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).

Lower Missoula Group. (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Siltite, argillite, and dolomitic siltite in northern Idaho; includes Snowslip and Shepard formations, rocks previously mapped as upper member of Wallace Formation, and correlative garnet-grade phyllite and schist south of St. Joe River. Also includes schist, micaceous quartzite, and calc-silicate rocks in lower part of Meadow Creek metamorphic sequence east of Elk City, and argillite, siltite, phyllite, and calc-silicate rocks south of Lost Trail Pass. (Mesoproterozoic Belt Supergroup).

Upper Prichard or Appekunny Formation (Middle Proterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Upper Prichard Formation: Black and gray, pyritic siltite and argillite in planar couplets. Appekunny Formation: Gray and greenish gray argillite interbedded with light gray quartzite. Thickness as much as 1,700 m (5,577 ft).

Challis Volcanic Group. (Eocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dacite, andesite, and rhyolite tuffs and flows and subordinate basalt and latite flows; covers large area in south-central Idaho. Includes Absaroka Volcanic Group near Henrys Lake and scattered volcanic rocks in eastern and northern Idaho. (Eocene Challis Magmatic Complex and Related Sedimentary Rocks).