Geologic units in Douglas county, Nebraska

Dakota Group (Early Cretaceous) at surface, covers 58 % of this area

Upper part is white, light-gray, brownish-gray, yellow, redish-brown, and red sandstone and shale. Sandstone is very fine to coarse grained, friable, micaeous, crossbedded, and lenticular; locally contains gravel near base. contains numerous zones of ironstone and siltstone concretions of variable thickness. Middle part is light-gray, yellow, red brown and dark-gray, sandy carbonaceous shale; commonly contains a zone of concretions near top. Lower part is sandstone similar to that in upper except there are zones of siderite concretions and, locally a basal zone of chert pebbles. Approx. max thickness 600 ft.

Kansas City Group (Late Pennsylvanian - Missouria) at surface, covers 31 % of this area

Limestone and shale. Limestone is dark gray to light gray, brownish gray, very thin bedded to massive, argillaceous, fossiliferous; contains very thin layers of chert, pyrite crystals, and small flakes of mica near base. Shale is dark gray to light gray, greenish gray, red, and black; locally slighty sandy, calcareous, carbonaeous, fissile, and fossiliferous. Approx. max thickness 200 ft

Marmaton Group (Middle Pennsylvanian - Desmoinesian) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Shale and limestone. Shale is dark gray to light gray, greenish gray, black, red, silty, sandy carbonaceous, fissile, calcareous; contains scattered limestone nodules. Limestone is medium gray to light gray, red, mottled thin bedded to thick bedded, sandy, shaly, vuggy, fossiliferous. Approx. max thickness 125 ft

Lansing Group (Late Pennsylvanian - Missourian) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Limestone and shale. Limestone is dark gray to light gray, very thin bedded to massive, sandy fossiliferous, and cherty. Shale is dark gray to light gray, maroon, black, fossiliferous, and calcareous. Approx. max thickness 75 ft

Douglas Group (Late Pennsylvanian - Virgilian) at surface, covers 0.7 % of this area

Shale and limestone. Shale is dark gray to medium gray, red , black, fossiliferous, calcareous and locally sandy. Limestone is dark gray to light gray, thin bedded to thick bedded, fossiliferous and locally sandy. Approx. max thickness 100 ft

Shawnee Group (Late Pennsylvanian - Virgilian) at surface, covers 0.3 % of this area

Limestone, shale and siltstone. Limestone is dark gray to very light gray, yellowish gray, very thin bedded to massive bedded, and fossiliferous; locally the thin bedds are argillaceous other beds are oolitic and a few contain chert. Shale is medium gray, greenish gray, pale red, dark redish brown, black, sandy fossiliferous and calcareous; black shale in part is fissile. Siltstone is light gray to greenish yellow, massive, calcareous; locally sandy. Approx. max thickness 200 ft

Marmaton Group (Middle Pennsylvanian, upper Desmoinesian) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Interval includes Morgan School, Mouse Creek, Labette, Pawnee, Bandera, Altamont, Nowata, Lenapah, Memorial, Lost Branch formations. Primary Lithologies: shale/mudstone, light to dark gray; limestone, fossiliferous. Secondary Lithologies: mudstone, green-gray to red/maroon; shale, black, phosphatic; sandstone, very fine to medium grained. Minor: coal; siltstone, conglomerate. Maximum thicknesses: 125-175 ft (38-52 m).

Bronson Group (Middle to Upper Pennsylvanian, uppermost Desmoinesian-lower Missourian) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Interval includes Pleasanton, Hertha, Elm Branch, Swope, Galesburg, Dennis formations. Primary Lithologies: limestone, fossiliferous; shale/mudstone, light to dark gray. Secondary lithologies: mudstone to siltstone, gray to green-gray; limestone, coated grain. Minor: black shale, phosphatic; red/maroon mudstone; coal; chert. Maximum thicknesses 100-130 ft (30-40 m).

Kansas City Group (Upper Pennsylvanian, middle Missourian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Interval includes Cherryvale, Nellie Bly, Dewie, Chanute, Iola, Liberty Memorial, Wyandotte, Lane formations. Primary Lithologies: limestone fossiliferous; shale/mudstone, light to dark gray. Secondary Lithologies: limestone, coated grain/Osagia. Minor: mudstone, red-brown to green-gray; siltstone; black shale, phosphatic; thin coal, carbonaceous shale. Maximum thicknesses 100-140 ft (30-43 m).