Geologic units in Luna county, New Mexico

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Piedmont alluvial deposits (Holocene to lower Pleistocene) at surface, covers 36 % of this area

Includes deposits of higher gradient tributaries bordering major stream valleys, alluvial veneers of the piedmont slope, and alluvial fans. May locally include uppermost Pliocene deposits.

Alluvium (Holocene to upper Pleistocene) at surface, covers 30 % of this area

Alluvium

Upper Santa Fe Group (Middle Pleistocene to uppermost Miocene) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

Includes Camp Rice, Fort Hancock, Palomas, Sierra Ladrones, Arroyo Ojito, Ancha, Puye, and Alamosa Formations.

Older piedmont alluvial deposits and shallow basin fill (Middle Pleistocene to uppermost Pliocene) at surface, covers 7 % of this area

Includes Quemado Formation and in northeast, high-level pediment gravels.

Gila Group, Formation, or Conglomerate (Middle Pleistocene to uppermost Oligocene?) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Includes Mimbres Formation and several informal units in southwestern basins.

Lower middle Tertiary andesitic to dacitic lavas and pyroclastic flow breccias (Upper to middle Eocene (33-43 Ma)) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Includes Rubio Peak Formation, Orejon Andesite, andesite of Dry Leggett Canyon, andesite of Telephone Canyon, and other units in southwestern, central, and northern New Mexico. Locally includes minor mafic lavas. Ancient landslide blocks of Mader Limestone, as much as one mile long, occur within Rubio Peak lavas in the central Black Range, west of Winston.

Upper Tertiary sedimentary units (Pliocene to upper Oligocene) at surface, covers 2 % of this area

Includes Bidahochi Formation (Pliocene to upper Miocene), Picuris Formation (Miocene to Oligocene), Las Feveras Formation (Pliocene), lower Gila Group units in the southwest, and unnamed Pliocene unit in northwestern Socorro County.

Lower middle Tertiary rhyolitic lavas and local tuffs (Lower Oligocene to upper Eocene (31-36 Ma)) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Includes Mimbres Peak Formation, rhyolite of Cedar Hills, and other units in the Bootheal region.

Lower-upper middle Tertiary basaltic andesites and andesites of the Mogollon Group (Upper Oligocene (26-29 Ma)) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Includes La Jara Peak Basaltic Andesite, Uvas Basaltic Andesite, basaltic andesites of Poverty Creek and Twin Peaks, Squirrel Springs Canyon Andesite, Razorback Basalt, Bear Springs Basalt, flows of Gila Flat, Salt Creek Formation, Middle Mountain Formation, and the Alum Mountain Group. Pre-Amalia-Tuff lavas in the Questa caldera are dominantly silicic andesites and dacites; elsewhere silicic lavas are a minor component of Tual.

Upper middle Tertiary rhyolitic pyroclastic rocks of the Mogollon Group, ash-flow tuffs (Upper Oligocene (24-30 Ma)) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Regional ash-flow tuffs include the La Jencia, Vick's Peak, Lemitar, South Canyon, Bloodgood Canyon, Shelley Peak, Davis Canyon, Park, Rhyolite Canyon, Apache Springs, and Amalia Tuffs; the tuffs of Horseshoe Canyon, Diamond Creek, Garcia Camp, Caronita Canyon, Turkey Springs, and Little Mineral Creek; and the Jordan Canyon Formation. Includes some locally erupted lavas and tuffs within thick intra-caldera units; includes minor volcaniclastic sedimentary units between thin outflow sheets.

Tertiary intrusive rocks of intermediate to silicic composition (Pliocene to Eocene) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Includes monzonitic to granitic plutons, stocks, laccoliths, and porphyritic dikes in deeply eroded magmatic centers; and andesitic, dacitic, or rhyolitic plugs and dikes near cauldrons or stratovolcanoes. In the Latir field, fine-grained rhyolitic dikes commonly cut coarse-grained granitic plutons. Includes alkaline laccoliths, plugs, and dikes in Colfax County. North-trending dikes near Capitan include some mafic diabase dikes.

Basaltic to andesitic lava flows (Middle to lower Pleistocene) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Includes vent deposits.

Ordovician and Cambrian plutonic rocks of Florida Mountains (Ordovician and Cambrian) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Ordovician and Cambrian plutonic rocks of Florida Mountains

Lower middle Tertiary rhyolitic to dacitic pyroclastic rocks of the Datil Group, ash-flow tuffs (Lower Oligocene to upper Eocene (31-36 Ma)) at surface, covers 0.6 % of this area

Regional ash-flow tuffs include Hell's Mesa, Kneeling Nun, Caballo Blanco, Datil Well, Leyba Well, Rock House Canyon, Blue Canyon, Sugarlump, Oak Creek, Bluff Creek, Gillespie, Box Canyon, Cooney and Chiquito Peak Tuffs; the tuffs of Steins Mountain, Black Bill Canyon, Woodhaul Canyon, and Farr Ranch; tuffs of the Organ cauldron; and lower tuffs in the Bell Top Formation. Includes some locally erupted lavas and tuffs within thick intra-caldera units; includes minor volcaniclastic sedimentary units and lavas between thin outflow sheets.

Paleogene sedimentary units (Paleogene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Includes Baca, Galisteo, El Rito, Blanco Basin, Hart Mine, Love Ranch, Lobo, Sanders Canyon, Skunk Ranch, Timberlake, and Cub Mountain Formations.

Silurian through Cambrian rocks, undivided (Silurian through Cambrian) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Silurian through Cambrian rocks, undivided

Middle Tertiary volcanic rocks, undifferentiated (Lower Miocene to upper Eocene) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Includes the predominantly andesitic to dacitic stratovolcano complex at Sierra Blanca (Oligocene to upper Eocene) and many smaller outliers.

Mancos Shale and Beartooth and Sarten Formations (Cenomanian and Albian) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Mancos includes what was formerly referred to as Colorado Shale, which in turn may include equivalents of Tres Hermanos Formation.

Mississippian and Devonian rocks, undivided (Mississippian and Devonian) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Includes Helms, Rancheria, Las Cruces, Lake Valley, and Caballero Formations and Escabrosa Group (Mississippian); Percha Shale, Contadero, Sly Gap, and Onate Formations of south-central New Mexico, and Canutillo Formation of northern Franklin Mountains and Bishops Cap area (Devonian).

Basaltic to andesitic lava flows (Neogene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Includes minor vent deposits. Flows are commonly interbedded in the Santa Fe and Gila Groups.

Middle Tertiary volcaniclastic sedimentary units (Oligocene to upper Eocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Mostly syneruptive volcaniclastic sedimentary aprons. Lower units dominantly derived from volcanic highlands of andesitic to dacitic composition. Locally includes minor lavas and tuffs. Younger units (above and intertongued with Mogollon Group tuffs, Turp) include upper Bell Top Formation, South Crosby Peak Formation, and upper Spears Group units near Quemado. Older units (below and intertongued with Datil Group tuffs, Tlrp) include Palm Park, lower Bell Top, Espinaso and Pueblo Creek Formatios and lower Spears Group formations such as Rincon Windmill, Chavez Canyon, and Dog Springs.

Older alluvial deposits of upland plains and piedmont areas, and calcic soils and eolian cover sediments of High Plains region (Middle to lower Pleistocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Includes scattered lacustrine, playa, and alluvial deposits of the Tahoka, Double Tanks, Tule, Blanco, Blackwater Draw, and Gatuna Formations, the latter of which may be Pliocene at base; outcrops, however, are basically of Quaternary deposits.

Basaltic to andesitic lava flows (Pliocene) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Includes minor vent deposits and small shield volcanoes. Flows are commonly interbedded in the Santa Fe and Gila Groups.

Upper middle Tertiary rhyolitic lavas and local tuffs (Upper Oligocene (24-29 Ma)) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

Includes Taylor Creek Rhyolite, Fanney Rhyolite, rhyolite of Rocky Canyon, rhyolite of Hardy Ridge, and upper rhyolite members of the Luis Lopez and Sawmill Canyon formations.

Lower Cretaceous, undivided (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

In northern Lea and Roosevelt Counties includes equivalents of Tucumcari Shale; in Cornudas Mountains includes Campogrande and Cox Formations and Washita Group; at Cerro de Cristo Rey includes several formations of the Fredricksburg and Washita Groups, and the Boquillas Formation (Cenomanian); in the southwest includes Mojado, U-Bar (Aptian), and Hell-to-Finish Formations, whch are equivalent to Bisbee Group of Arizona.

Lower middle Tertiary volcanic rocks (Lower Oligocene to upper Eocene (older than 31 Ma)) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Mostly intermediate lavas of the lower Datil Group and intermediate volcaniclastic sediments of the lower Spears Group (Tla+Tvs). Locally includes ash-flow tuffs of the upper Datil Group (Tlrp). Includes intermediate volcaniclastic sedimentary rocks of the Conejos Formation in northern New Mexico.

Paleozoic rocks, undivided (Paleozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Paleozoic rocks, undivided

Mississippian rocks, undivided (Mississippian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Arroyo Penasco Group in Sangre de Cristo Mountains, Sierra Nacimiento, San Pedro Mountain, and Sandia Mountains; Lake Valley Limestone in south-central New Mexico.

Upper middle Tertiary volcanic rocks (Lower Miocene to upper Oligocene (younger than 30 Ma)) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Mostly a combination of basaltic andesite lavas and rhyolitic ash-flow tuffs of the Mogollon Group (Tuau+Tual+Turp). Includes locally erupted lavas and tuffs in some calderas.

Permian and Pennsylvanian rocks, undivided (Permian and Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes Concha, Scherrer, Colina, Epitaph, and Earp Formations (Permian) and Horquilla Limestone (Permian to Pennsylvanian).

Eolian deposits (Holocene to middle Pleistocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Eolian deposits.

Permian rocks, undivided (Permian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Permian rocks, undivided

Hueco Formation or Group (Wolfcampian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Limestone unit restricted to south-central area; Pendejo Tongue of Hueco Formation divides Abo Formation into upper and lower parts in Sacramento Mountains.

Mesoproterozoic granitic plutonic rocks (Mesoproterozoic) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Mainly 1.45 - 1.35 Ga megacrystic granites, generally weakly foliated except locally at their margins.

Upper Cretaceous rocks of southwestern New Mexico, undivided (Maastrichtian to Cenomanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Beartooth and Sarten Formations are in part Albian. Includes Virden Formation in northern Hidalgo County, Ringbone Formation in Hidalgo, Luna and Grant Counties, Mancos Shale in Silver City area.

San Andres, Glorieta, and Yeso Formations, undivided (Guadalupian and Leonardian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

San Andres, Glorieta, and Yeso Formations, undivided

Abo Formation (Wolfcampian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Red beds, arkosic at base, finer and more mature above; Wolfcampian; may include limestone beds of Pennsylvanian age (Virgilian) in Zuni Mountains. In Robledo Mountains the Abo may be considered a member of the Hueco Formation.

Devonian rocks undivided (Devonian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes Percha Shale, Onate and Sly Gap Formations.

Pennsylvanian rocks, undivided (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

In Sangre de Cristo Mountains may include Sandia, Madera, La Pasada, Alamitos, and Flechado Formations; elsewhere may include Bar-B, Nakaye, Red House, Oswaldo, and Syrena Formations.

Silurian and Ordovician rocks, undivided (Silurian and Ordovician) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Silurian and Ordovician rocks, undivided

Lower Santa Fe Group (Upper Miocene to uppermost Oligocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Includes Hayner Ranch, Rincon Valley, Popotosa, Cochiti, Tesuque, Chamita, Abiquiu, Zia, and other formations.