Geologic units in Sampson county, North Carolina

Black Creek Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 96 % of this area

Clay, gray to black, lignitic; contains thin beds and laminae of fine-grained micaceous sand and thick lenses of cross-bedded sand. Glauconitic, fossiliferous clayey sand lenses in upper part.

Peedee Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Sand, clayey sand, and clay, greenish gray to olive black, massive, glauconitic, locally fossiliferous and calcareous. Patches of sandy molluscan-mold limestone in upper part.

Cape Fear Formation (Cretaceous) at surface, covers 0.5 % of this area

Sandstone and sandy mudstone, yellowish gray to bluish gray, mottled red to yellowish orange, indurated, graded and laterally continuos bedding, blocky clay, faint cross-bedding, feldspar and mica common.

Castle Hayne Formation; Comfort Member and New Hanover Member, undivided (Tertiary) at surface, covers 0.4 % of this area

Comfort Member: bryozoan-echinoid skeletal limestone, locally dolomitized, solution cavities common. New Hanover Member: phosphate-pebble conglomerate, micritic, thin; restricted to basal part of Castle Hayne Formation in southeastern counties.

Yorktown Formation and Duplin Formation, Undivided (Tertiary) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Yorktown Formation: fossiliferous clay with varying amounts of fine-grained sand, bluish gray, shell material commonly concentrated in lenses; mainly in area north of Neuse River. Duplin Formation: shelly, medium- to coarse-grained sand, sandy marl, and limestone, bluish gray; mainly in area south of Neuse River.