Geologic units in Richland county, North Dakota

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Belle Fourche-Skull Creek, Undivided (Lower to Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 38 % of this area

Belle Fourche Formation (as described in Kb). Mowry Formation: medium- to dark-gray shale; marine offshore sediment; as thick as 55 metres (180 feet). Newcastle Formation: light-gray, fine- to medium-grained sandstone; marine shoreline and offshore sediment; as thick as 45 metres (150 feet). Skull Creek Formation: medium-gray to dark-gray shale; marine offshore sediment; as thick as 40 metres (140 feet).

Precambrian Rocks (Precambrian) at surface, covers 22 % of this area

Greenschists and amphibolites; banded iron formation; stretched pebble conglomerates; metabasalt; serpentinite; felsic tuff; mylonite; intermediate felsic plutonic rocks; migmatite; layered gneiss.

Carlile Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 19 % of this area

Dark-gray shale; marine offshore sediment; as thick as 120 metres (400 feet).

Greenhorn Formation (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers 17 % of this area

Dark-gray calcareous shale; marine offshore sediment; as thick as 45 metres (150 feet).

Inyan Kara (Lower Cretaceous) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Light-gray, fine to coarse sandstone and gray shale; river, lake, and nearshore marine sediment; as thick as 135 metres (450 feet).

Undifferentiated (Cenomanian to Campanian) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Conglomerate, sandstone, mudstone, shale, marlstone, siltstone, and minor lignite, deposited in marine and non-marine settings; likely Cenomanian to Campanian age. Unit outline is the product of contouring the stratigraphic top and base, from which an isopach grid was created. Because the distribution is patchy, unit boundaries were drawn from the gridded data to represent locations where more than 25 feet (8 meters) of thickness occurs. As a result, many areas outside of the unit boundaries may be overlain by thin Cretaceous strata and the unit is depicted without a contact line.

Mafic metavolcanic rocks (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Mafic metavolcanic rocks. Includes minor volcaniclastic and hypabyssal intrusive rocks metamorphosed to lower greenschist to lower amphibolite facies; includes the Ely Greenstone (~2,722 Ma).

Volcaniclastic rocks of felsic to intermediate composition (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Volcaniclastic rocks of felsic to intermediate composition.

Granitoid intrusion (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitoid intrusion. Constrained solely by low gravity and magnetic signatures.

Foliated to gneissic tonalite, granodiorite, and diorite (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Foliated to gneissic tonalite, granodiorite, and diorite. Includes the Lookout Mountain tonalite (~2,718 Ma) of the Giants Range batholith and other intrusions within batholithic complexes defined by a low-to-moderate gravity signature with magnetic foliation apparent from aeromagnetic maps.

Granite to granodiorite (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granite to granodiorite. Variably magnetic.

Carlile Shale (Upper Cretaceous) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dark-gray to black, silty to sandy shale with several zones of septarian, fossiliferous, carbonate concretions. Contains up to three sandstone units in the upper portion of the formation and sandy calcareous marl at the base. Thickness up to 330 ft (100 m).

Granitic intrusion (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Granitic intrusion. Includes the Sacred Heart (~2592, 2,603 Ma) and Ortonville granites, the Shannon Lake Granite (~2,674), and other intrusions having low gravity and magnetic signatures.

Gabbro, peridotite, pyroxenite, lamprophyre, and metamorphic equivalents (Neoarchean) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Gabbro, peridotite, pyroxenite, lamprophyre, and metamorphic equivalents. Includes the Oaks intrusion (~2,671 Ma) in the Wabigoon subprovince, and a ~2,639 Ma lamprophyre in the western Wawa subprovince; locally defined by variably high gravity and magnetic signatures.