Geologic units in Franklin county, Ohio

Ohio Shale (Devonian) at surface, covers 44 % of this area

Shale; brownish black to greenish gray, weathers brown; carbonaceous to clayey, laminated to thin bedded, fissile parting; carbonate and/or siderite concretions in lowermost 50 feet; petroliferous odor; 250 to 500+ feet thick. Includes Olentangy Shale south of central Delaware Co.

Columbus Limestone (Devonian) at surface, covers 25 % of this area

Limestone and dolomite; gray to brown, weathers brown; massive bedding; upper 2/3 fossiliferous, gray limestone, lower 1/3 brown dolomite; 0 to 105 feet thick.

Salina Group (Silurian) at surface, covers 15 % of this area

Dolomite, gray, yellow-gray to olive-gray, laminated to thin bedded; occasional thin bed and laminae of dark gray shale and anhydrite and/or gypsum; brecciated zones in part.

Maxville Limestone; Rushville, Logan, and Cuyhoga Formations, Undivided (Mississippian) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

Shale, siltstone, and sandstone, interbedded; various shades of gray, yellow to brown weather similar color; sandstone, silty to granular, local stringers of quartz pebbles. Shale, clayey to silty, locally fossiliferous. Medium to dark gray, thin to thick bedded limestone locally preserved at top of interval where unit crops out in southern half of state. Lithologies percentages vary in different areas where unit crops out; laterial and vertical gradation common at regional scale.

Delaware Limestone (Devonian) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Limestone; gray to brown; thin to massive bedded; argillaceous partings, nodules and layers, carbonaceous, petroliferous odor; as much as 45 feet thick.

Berea Sandstone and Bedford Shale, Undivided (Devonian) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Sandstone and shale; upper portion sandstone; brown, weathers light brown to reddish brown; thin to thick bedded, planar to lenticular bedding; minor shale interbeds; 5 to 75 feet thick, locally 100 to 125 feet thickness in Lorain, Cuyahoga, and Medina Counties; lower portion shale; gray to brown, locally reddish brown; thin to medium bedded, planar to lenticular bedding; interbedded siltstone and sandstone, ripple marks in siltstone beds; 80 to 180 feet thick, locally thin to absent where Berea Sandstone is thick.

Sunbury Shale, Berea Sandstone, and Bedford Shale, Undivided (Devonian and/or Mississippian) at surface, covers 1 % of this area

Shale and sandstone; upper 10 to 50 feet shale; black to brown, weathers light brown; carbonaceous; thin, planar bedding. Underlain by 10 to 50 feet sandstone; brown, weathers light brown to reddish brown; thin to thick bedded, planar to lenticular bedding; minor shale interbeds. Basal 80 to 100 feet shale and interbedded sandstone; gray to brown, weathers light gray to light brown; thin to medium bedded, planar to lenticular bedding; thick. Interval thickness ranges from 100 to 200 feet.

Sunbury Shale (Mississippian) at surface, covers 0.9 % of this area

Carbonaceous shale; black to brownish-black; very thinly laminated; 30 to 120 feet thick.

Tymochtee and Greenfield Formations, Undivided (Silurian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dolomite, olive-gray to yellowish- brown, thin to massive bedded, upper two-thirds commonly contains brownish-black to gray shale laminae; locally developed brecciated zones in lower one third.