Geologic units in Cotton county, Oklahoma

Additional scientific data in this geographic area

Garber Sandstone (Early Permian) at surface, covers 54 % of this area

ENID- Mostly orange-brown, fine- to medium-grained quartzose sandstone and conglomerate, grading northward into shale and calcitic siltstone. Thickness, about 600 feet (180 m). (Sumner Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Mostly orange-brown to red-brown fine-grained sandstone, irregularly bedded with red-brown shale and some chert and mudstone conglomerate. Thickness ranges from 150 feet in south to 400 feet or more in north. (Sumner Group) LAWTON- "Garber Sandstone," Pg, reddish-brown, fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate, 160 to 210 feet (49 to 64 m) thick, containing a basal sandstone, the "Asphaltum Sandstone Bed," about 10 to 60 feet (3 to 18 m) thick.(Sumner Group) ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Sandstone, red-brown, fine- to coarse-grained; thickness, about 110 to 150 feet, including Fairmont Shale west of Elmore City, Garvin County.

Alluvium (Holocene) at surface, covers 22 % of this area

WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Generally light-tan to gray. Thickness along major streams ranges up to 100 feet and probably averages 40 feet; along minor streams the thickness ranges up to 45 feet and probably averages 20 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and locally gravel. Maximum thickness ranges from 30 to 80 feet (9 to 24 m) along major streams and from 0 to 60 feet (0 to 18 m) along minor streams. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. TULSA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. OKLAHOMA CITY- Sand, silt, clay, and lenticular beds of gravel. Thickness ranges from about 30 to 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. Along minor streams, thickness ranges from a few feet to about 50 feet and probably averages about 25 feet. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 50 feet (15 m) thick; Shown only along major streams and tributaries. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces; thickness, about 25 to 100 feet. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay, including low terraces about 30 feet above channels; thickness, about 50 feet along Little River and 110 feet along Red River.

Wellington Formation (Early Permian) at surface, covers 15 % of this area

ENID- Mostly red-brown shale to north, grading into fine-grained sandstone and mudstone conglomerate southward into Logan County. Thickness, about 850 feet (260 m). (Sumner Group) OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown shale and orange-brown fine-grained sandstone, containing much maroon mudstone conglomerate and chert conglomerate to south. Thickness ranges from about 150 feet in south to 500 feet in north. (Sumner Group) LAWTON- Maroon shale, about 130 feet (40 m) thick, with greenish-gray and black sandstone of the "Ryan Sandstone Bed" at base. (Sumner Group). ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown, with several 20- to 30-foot bituminous sandstones at base ("Ryan"); thickness, about 100 to 200 feet, decreasing southeastward.

Terrace Deposits (Pleistocene) at surface, covers 5 % of this area

WOODWARD- Lenticular and interfingering deposits of light-tan to gray gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash. Sand dunes are common in many places. Thickness ranges up to 150 feet and averages about 60 feet. ENID- Sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Maximum thickness, about 75 feet (23 m) along major streams. TULSA- Fine gravel, sand, silt, and clay. CLINTON- Stream-laid deposits of sand, silt, clay, gravel, and volcanic ash; thickness ranges from 0 to about 120 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Lenticular beds of sand, silt, clay, and gravel. Thickness ranges from a few feet to about 100 feet and probably averages about 50 feet along major streams. FORT SMITH- Gravel, sand, silt, and clay. LAWTON- Sand, clay, and gravel as much as 75 feet (23 m) in Tillman County, ranging from 5 to 50 feet (2 to 15 m) elsewhere. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; thickness, about 5 to 50 feet; at various levels, as high as 160 feet above present flood plains. McALESTER TEXARKANA- Gravel, sand, silt, clay, and volcanic ash; several levels 20 to 160 feet or more above present flood plains, with each level containing deposits that average 20 to 30 feet in thickness, some windblown sand on top; may include colluvial wash down sides of hills.

Hennessey Group (Early Permian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

CLINTON- Reddish-brown shale with some thin, greenish-gray siltstone and orange-brown sandstone and siltstone beds; thickness, about 500 feet. The "Hennessey Group" is not subdivided in the southern part of the Clinton quadrangle; in the northeastern corner of the quadrangle, the upper part of the "Bison Formation," Pbi, is exposed as orange-brown and greenish-gray, fine-grained sandstone and siltstone. The Bison is gradational southward into reddish-brown shale; it thins southward and is about 120 feet thick. LAWTON- "Hennessey Group," Phy, reddish-brown to gray shale with some tan sandstones, 130 to 200 feet (40 to 60 m) thick (locally unconformable on Cambrian igneous rocks).

Oscar Group (Late Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

ENID- Mainly shale with many layers of limestones that pinch out southward, where fine-grained arkosic sandstones are thicker and more numerous. Near Kansas border, sequence is (descending): "Herington Limestone" (20 feet thick) at top, "Enterprise Shale" (45 feet thick), "Winfield Limestone, "IPowi (8 feet thick), "Gage Shale" (80 feet thick), "Towanda Limestone" (3 feet thick), "Holmesville Shale" (25 feet thick), "Fort Riley Limestone," IPofr (30 feet thick) and underlying Florence Flint, IPofr (8 feet thick), "Blue Springs Shale" (60 feet thick), "Kinney Limestone" (5 feet thick), "Wymore Shale" (22 feet thick), "Wreford Limestone," IPowr (25 feet thick), "Speiser Shale" (38 feet thick), "Funston Limestone (4 feet thick), "Blue Rapids Shale" (15 feet thick), "Crouse Limestone" (6 feet thick), "Easly Creek Shale" (12 feet thick), "Bader Limestone" (5 feet thick), "Stearns Shale" (10 feet thick), "Morrill Limestone" (2 feet thick), "Florena Shale" (6 feet thick), "Cottonwood Limestone," IPoc (3 feet thick), "Eskridge Shale" (6 feet thick), and "Neva Limestone" (25 feet thick) at base. Total thickness, about 400 feet. OKLAHOMA CITY- Red-brown to gray shale and orange-brown fine-grained, crossbedded sandstone; grades southward into arkosic sandstone and conglomerate. Includes "Herington Limestone" at top inPayne County, "Neva Limestone" (0.2 to 1.2 feet thick) at basein Lincoln County, and "Hart Limestone" (4 to 10 feet thick)at base in Pottawatomie County. In Payne County, includesthin stringers of "Winfield Limestone," IPowi (75 feet belowtop), "Fort Riley Limestone," IPofr (245 feet below top),"Wreford Limestone," IPowr (345 feet below top), and"Cottonwood Limestone," IPoc (525 feet below top). Thickness ranges from 300 feet in south to 600 feet in north. LAWTON- Shale, sandstone, and arkose, 300 to 500 feet (90 to 150 m) thick, base covered. ARDMORE-SHERMAN- Shale, red-brown to gray, with arkosic sandstones and limestone conglomerates near Arbuckle Mountains; "Hart Limestone" at base; thickness, 300 to 500 feet, decreasing southeastward. (Pontotoc Group).

Alluvium (Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Alluvium

Petrolia Formation (Permian; Wolfcamp to Leonard Series) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Petrolia Formation

Terrace deposits (Pleistocene and Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Terrace deposits

Dune sand sheet deposits (Holocene) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Dune sand sheet deposits