Geologic units in Tioga county, Pennsylvania

Catskill Formation (Devonian) at surface, covers 37 % of this area

Grayish-red sandstone, siltstone, shale, and mudstone; units of gray sandstone occur in upper part; lithologies in upper part arranged in fining-upward cycles. In the Altoona area, the Catskill Formation is mapped as the Duncannon, Sherman Creek, and Irish Valley Members, which are described under "Central and Eastern Pennsylvania" provinces.

Lock Haven Formation (Devonian) at surface, covers 31 % of this area

Interbedded olive-gray mudstone, siltstone, sandstone, and thin conglomerate; marine fossils throughout; "Chemung" of earlier workers. Laterally equivalent to Scherr and Foreknobs Formations.

Huntley Mountain Formation (Mississippian and Devonian) at surface, covers 20 % of this area

Greenish-gray and light-olive-gray, flaggy, fine-grained sandstone, siltstone, and a few red shale interbeds; includes lower "Pocono" plus "Oswayo" of earlier workers. Forms transition between Catskill Formation and Burgoon Sandstone.

Pottsville Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 6 % of this area

Predominantly gray sandstone and conglomerate; also contains thin beds of shale, claystone, limestone, and coal; includes Olean and Sharon conglomerates of northwestern Pennsylvania; thin marine limestones present in Beaver, Lawrence, and Mercer Counties; minable coals and commercially valuable high-alumina clays present locally.

Burgoon Sandstone (Mississippian) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

Buff, medium-grained, crossbedded sandstone; includes shale and coal; in places, contains conglomerate at base; contains plant fossils; equivalent to Pocono Formation of Ridge and Valley province.

Allegheny and Pottsville Formations, undivided (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

Sandstone, shale, and some coal; includes lower Pottsville conglomerate and overlying strata equivalent to Allegheny Formation in north-central outliers; formational boundary not determined due to lack of correlation with Brookville-Clarion coal.

Machias Formation (Upper Devonian) at surface, covers 0.1 % of this area

Shale, siltstone; Rushford Sandstone; Caneadea, Canisteo, and Hume Shales; Canaseraga Sandstone; South Wales and Dunkirk Shales.

Wiscoy Formation (Upper Devonian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Sandstone, shale; Hanover and Pipe Creek Shales.

Conneaut Group, undivided (Upper Devonian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

In west: Ellicott and Dexterville Formations-shale, siltstone. In east: Germania Formation-shale, sandstone; Whitesville Formation-shale, sandstone; Hinsdale Sandstone; Wellsville Formation-shale, sandstone; Cuba Sandstone.