Geologic units in Raleigh county, West Virginia

New River Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 61 % of this area

(part of Pottsville Group) - predominantly sandstone, with some shale, siltstone, and coal. Grades to nearly all sandstone in the subsurface. Extends from the top of the Upper Nuttall Sandstone to the top of the Flattop Mountain Sandstone. Includes the Iaeger, Sewell, Welch, Raleigh, Beckley, Fire Creek, and Pocahontas Nos. 8 and 9 coals.

Kanawha Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 24 % of this area

(part of Pottsville Group) - sandstone (approx 50%), shale, siltstone, and coal. Contains several marine zones. Becomes more shaly westward in the subsurface. Extends from the top of the Homewood Sandstone to the top of the Upper Nuttall Sandstone. Includes the Stockton (Mercer), Coalburg, Winifrede, Chilton, Williamson, Cedar Grove, Alma, Peerless, Campbell Creek, Powellton, Eagle, Gilbert, and Douglas coals.

Pocahontas Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 8 % of this area

(part of Pottsville Group) - sandstone, approx. 50%, with some shale, siltstone, and coal. Extends from the top of the Flattop Mountain Sandstone to the top of the Mississippian. Includes from bottom upward Pocahontas coals Nos. 1 through 7.

Bluestone and Princeton Formations (Mississippian) at surface, covers 4 % of this area

(part of Mauch Chunk Group) - the Bluestone Formation is mostly red, green, and medium-gray shale and sandstone; Princeton Sandstone is underneath.

Hinton Formation (Mississippian) at surface, covers 3 % of this area

(part of Mauch Chunk Group) - red, green, and medium-gray shale and sandstone, with a few thin limestone beds, including the Avis.

Allegheny Formation (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers 0.8 % of this area

Cyclic sequences of sandstone, siltstone, shale, limestone, and coal. Includes the Freeport, Kittanning and Clarion coals, also, the Princess coals of Kentucky . Extends from the top of the Upper Freeport coal to the top of the Homewood Sandstone.

Bluefield Formation (Mississippian) at surface, covers 0.2 % of this area

(part of Mauch Chunk Group) - red and green shale and sandstone, with a few thin limestone lenses, such as the Reynolds.

Conemaugh Group (Pennsylvanian) at surface, covers < 0.1 % of this area

Cyclic sequences of red and gray shale, siltstone, and sandstone, with thin limestones and coals. Mostly non-marine. May be divided into Casselman and Glenshaw Formations. Extends from the base of the Pittsburgh coal to the top of the Upper Freeport coal. Includes the Elk Lick, Bakerstown, and Mahoning coals, and the Ames and Brush Creek Limestones.